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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
#633 - ἀπονίπτω
ἀπο-νίπτω, see. ἀπονίζω.
ἀπονίζω, later ἀπονευρ-νίπτω D.S 4.59, Plu. Phoc. 18, and once as v.l. in Hom., v. infr.: —
I wash off, ἀπονίψαντες.. βρότον ἐξ ὠτειλῶν Od. 24.18), cf. Il. 7.425 (tm.): — Med., wash off from oneself, ἱδρῶ πολλὸν ἀπονίζοντο θαλάσσῃ ib. 10.572.
II wash clean, esp. of the hands and feet, τὴν ἀπονίζουσα φρασάμην
1. I perceived it (the scar) as I was washing his feet, Od. 23.75; ὅταν ἡ θυγάτηρ μ' ἀπονίζῃ καὶ τὼ πόδ' ἀλείφῃ Ar. V. 608, cf. Men. Georg. 60; ἓ μὲν ἔφη ἀ. τὸν παῖδα Pl. Smp. 175a: — Med., χρῶτ' ἀπονίπτεσθαι wash one's body, v.l. in Od. 18.179, cf. 172; χεῖράς τε πόδας τε ib. 22.478: abs., οἷον εἴ τις εἰς πηλὸν ἐμβὰς πηλῷ -νίζοιτο Heraclit. 5; wash one's hands (esp. after meals, cf. Ar.Byz. ap. Ath. 9.408f), Hp. Mul. 1.89; ἐγὼ μὲν ἀποτρέχων ἀπονίψομαι Ar. Av. 1163; ἀπονίψασθαι δοτέον water to wash with, Alex. 250, cf. Antiph. 136; so in pf. Pass., ἀπονενίμμεθ' Ar. V. 1217; ἀπονενιμμένος Id. Ec. 419; also in late Prose, v. supr.; τῆς κρήνης -νιψάμενος Alciphr. 3.1; but ἀπονίψασθαι τὸ πρόσωπον ἀπὸ τᾶς κράνας IG 4.951.63 (Epid.).
2. rarely of things, ἀ. τὴν κύλικα Pherecr. 41.
Syll 802.63 (iii/B.C.) : a fraudulent patient at the Asclepieum is told to take off the bandage and ἀπονίψασθαι τὸ πρόσωπον ἀπὸ τᾶς κράνας, in which he sees the penalty of his deceit branded on his face.
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