Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#977 - βιβρώσκω

Transliteration
bibrṓskō
Phonetics
bib-ro'-sko
Origin
a reduplicated and prolonged form of an obsolete primary word [perhaps causative of (G1006)]
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Definition
  1. to eat
Strong #: 398 ‑ אָכַל (aw‑kal');  5350 ‑ נִקֻּדִים (nik‑kood');  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βιβρώσκω,

Babr. 108.9, (cf. βρώζω, βορά) · βρώσομαι Philostr. VA 3.40: aor. ἔβρωσα (ἀν-) Nic. Th. 134; inf. βρῶξαι (κατα-) Epic. in Arch.Pap. 7.5: aor. 2 ἔβρων Call. Jov. 49, (κατ-) h.Ap. 127: pf. βέβρωκα Il. 22.94, Eup. 68; sync. part. βεβρώς, ῶτος, S. Ant. 1022; opt. βεβρώθοις, as iffrom pf. βέβρωθα, Il. 4.35: Pass., pres., Hp. Aff. 4: fut. βρωθήσομαι Lyc. 1421, S.E. P. 3.227; βεβρώσομαι Od. 2.203: aor ἐβρώθην Hp. Acut. 37, etc., (κατ-) Hdt. 3.16: pf. βέβρωμαι A. Ag. 1097 (lyr.), (δια-) Pl. Ti. 83a, (κατα-) SIG 2587.310: plpf. ἐβέβρωτο Hp. Epid. 4.19. In Ion. Prose and LXX βέβρωκα ἐβρώθην βέβρωμαι take the place of Att. ἐδήδοκα ἠδέσθην ἐδήδεσμαι: —

eat, eat up, βεβρωκὼς κακὰ φάρμακ' Il. 22.94, etc.; οὐδὲν βεβρ. Eup. 68: c. gen.,

eat of a thing, [ λέων] βεβρωκὼς βοός Od. 22.403; τῶν μελῶν βεβρωκότες Ar. V. 463; κρειῶν τε καὶ αἵματος Theoc. 25.224: abs., βεβρωκώς, opp. πεινῶν, Arist. HA 629b9; β. καὶ πεπωκώς Id. Fr. 232, cf. Plb. 3.72.6, John 6:13 :

Pass., to be eaten, Hp. Acut. 37; of teeth, decay, Id. Epid. 4.19; χρήματα δ' αὖτε κακῶς βεβρώοεται will be devoured, Od. 2.203; βεβρωμένοι ἄρτοι mouldy bread, LXX John 9:12; ῥίζα βεβρ. worm-eaten, Dsc. 3.9; to be bitten, ὑπὸ τῶν κροκοδείλων Gal. 14.246.

βιβρώσκω ,

poët. and late prose,

[in LXX for H398;]

to eat: John 6:13.†


Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The perfect of this verb, which in the NT is confined to John 6:13 (τοίς βεβρωκόσιν ), occurs in medical receipts P Ryl I. 29 (a).49 (ii/A.D.) βεβ [ρω ]μένους κανθούς . Cf. the verbal adj. in PSI I. 64.21 (? i/B.C.) μήτε ἐν ποτοῖς μήτε ἐν βρωτοῖς , and in OGIS 629.159 (A.D. 137) For compounds see P Petr II. 4 (8).5 (B.C. 255–4) καταβεβρωκέναι , P Grenf II. 36.15 (B.C. 95) ἠκούσαμεν τὸν μῦν καταβεβρωκέναι τὸν σπόρον , ";we hear that mice have eaten up the crop"; (Edd.), and P Par 6.21 (i/B.C.) περ ]ιβρωθέντα , ";devoured in part."; On its record in classical Greek and LXX see Anz Subsidia, p. 268. Grimm’s grave record of an ";unused present βρώσκω whence pf. βέβρωκα "; stands among many philological freaks in a fine work.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
βέβρωκα βεβρώκαμέν βέβρωκε βεβρώκει βεβρωκέναι βεβρωκοσιν βεβρωκόσιν βεβρώμενοι βεβρωμένος βρωθείησαν βρωθή βρωθήσεται βρωθήσονται bebrokosin bebrokósin bebrōkosin bebrōkósin
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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