Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
#36 - ἀγενής
- ignoble, coward, mean, base, of no family, that is: low born
ἀγεν-ής, ές, (γενέσθαι)
I unborn, uncreated, Pl. Ti. 27c.
II of no family, ignoble, opp. ἀγαθός, S. Fr. 84, cf. POxy. 33 [*] 5.5 (ii A. D.); of things, οὐκ ἀγενεῖς στίχοι Sch. Od. 11.568; cf. AB 336, St.Byz. s.v. Ἀνακτορεία.
III childless, Isaiah 2:10, cf. Harp. (ἄπαις codd.).
* ἀγενής -ές ,
1. unborn (Plat.);
2. of no family, ignoble, base (opp. to ἀγαθός , Soph., Fr., 105): opp. to εὐγενής , 1 Corinthians 1:20 (for exx. from Papyri, v. MM, VGT, s.v.).†
Ἀγενής, as opposed to εὐγενής, is well illustrated by P Oxy I. 33v. 5 (late ii/A.D.) where, in a dramatic interview with the Emperor, in all probability M. Aurelius—though Wilcken (Chrest. I. p. 34 f.) decides for Commodus—a certain Appianus, who had been condemned to death, appeals to his nobility (εὐγένεια) in such a way as to lead the Emperor to retort—Φῂς οὖν ὅτι ἡμεῖς ἀγενεῖς ἐσμεν; For the more general sense of ";mean,"; ";base,"; see the verso of the illiterate P Oxy I. 79.3 (not earlier than ii/A.D.), perhaps a school composition (Edd.), μηδὲν ταπινὸν μηδὲ ἀγενὲς. . . πράξῃς. In Syll 855.11 (a dialect inscr. from Delphi, recording the ";sale"; of a slave to the god for freedom—ii/B.C.) εἰ δέ τι Μνασὼ (the slave) πάθοι ἀγενὴς ὑπάρχουσα, τὰ καταλειφθέντα ὑπὸ Μνασῶς Ἀγησιβούλας (the mistress) ἔστω : here ἀγενής must mean ";childless,"; as in the similar phrase in Syll 862.22, an inscr. of the same period, place and subject. The word was used in this sense by Isaeus, according to Harpocration.
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the Sixth Week after Easter