Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#36 - ἀγενής

Transliteration
agenḗs
Phonetics
ag-en-ace'
Origin
from (G1) (as negative particle) and (G1085)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
None
Definition
  1. ignoble, coward, mean, base, of no family, that is: low born
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀγεν-ής, ές, (γενέσθαι)

I unborn, uncreated, Pl. Ti. 27c.

II of no family, ignoble, opp. ἀγαθός, S. Fr. 84, cf. POxy. 33 [*] 5.5 (ii A. D.); of things, οὐκ ἀγενεῖς στίχοι Sch. Od. 11.568; cf. AB 336, St.Byz. s.v. Ἀνακτορεία.

III childless, Isaiah 2:10, cf. Harp. (ἄπαις codd.).

* ἀγενής -ές ,

(<γένος ),

1. unborn (Plat.);

2. of no family, ignoble, base (opp. to ἀγαθός , Soph., Fr., 105): opp. to εὐγενής , 1 Corinthians 1:20 (for exx. from Papyri, v. MM, VGT, s.v.).†


Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Ἀγενής, as opposed to εὐγενής, is well illustrated by P Oxy I. 33v. 5 (late ii/A.D.) where, in a dramatic interview with the Emperor, in all probability M. Aurelius—though Wilcken (Chrest. I. p. 34 f.) decides for Commodus—a certain Appianus, who had been condemned to death, appeals to his nobility (εὐγένεια) in such a way as to lead the Emperor to retort—Φῂς οὖν ὅτι ἡμεῖς ἀγενεῖς ἐσμεν; For the more general sense of ";mean,"; ";base,"; see the verso of the illiterate P Oxy I. 79.3 (not earlier than ii/A.D.), perhaps a school composition (Edd.), μηδὲν ταπινὸν μηδὲ ἀγενὲς. . . πράξῃς. In Syll 855.11 (a dialect inscr. from Delphi, recording the ";sale"; of a slave to the god for freedom—ii/B.C.) εἰ δέ τι Μνασὼ (the slave) πάθοι ἀγενὴς ὑπάρχουσα, τὰ καταλειφθέντα ὑπὸ Μνασῶς Ἀγησιβούλας (the mistress) ἔστω : here ἀγενής must mean ";childless,"; as in the similar phrase in Syll 862.22, an inscr. of the same period, place and subject. The word was used in this sense by Isaeus, according to Harpocration.

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αγενη αγενή ἀγενῆ agene agenê agenē agenē̂
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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