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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#405 - ἀνδραποδιστής

from a derivative of a compound of (G435) and (G4228)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
  1. a slave-dealer, kidnapper, man-stealer
    1. of one who unjustly reduces free men to slavery
    2. of one who steals the slaves of others and sells them
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀνδραποδ-ιστής, οῦ, ὁ,

slave-dealer or kidnapper, Ar. Eq. 1030, Pl. 521, Lys. 10.10, etc., cf. Poll. 3.78; coupled with ἱερόσυλοι, τοιχωρύχοι, etc., Pl. R. 344b: metaph., ἀ. ἑαυτοῦ one who sells his own independence, X. Mem. 1.2.6.

* ἀνδραποδιστής , -οῦ ,

(< ἀνδράποδον , a slave, captured in war),

a slave-dealer, kidnapper: 1 Timothy 1:10 (v. MM, VGT, s.v.).†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the original noun cf. BGU IV. 1059.9 (Aug.) ταξαμένη τὸ τέλος εἰς τὰ ἀ., ";having paid the slave-duty,"; and Syll 825.2 (iv/B.C.) ὅρος ἐργαστηρίου καὶ ἀνδραπόδων πεπραμένων ἐπὶ λύσει : workshop and slaves attached to it, sold ";à réméré"; (Michel). OGIS 218.62, .110 (iii/B.C.) has ἀνδράποδα in a catalogue of property, ib. 773.4 (iv/iii B.C.) τῶν ἀ. [τ ]ῶν ἀποδράντων, also ib. 629.22 (A.D. 137) ex suppl. It also occurs in a psephism of Apamea (or a neighbouring town) of the reign of Augustus : ἀνδράποδα δὲ καὶ τετράποδα καὶ λοιπὰ ζῷα ὁμοίως πωλείσθω. This last combination reminds us of the etymology of the word, which is merely an analogy-formation from τετράποδα, with which it is so often associated—just as electrocute is made out of execute, to take a modern instance of a common resource of language. The word, which was normally plural (sing. in P Cattaouiv. 16 = Chrest. II. p. 423, ii/A.D.), was never an ordinary word for slave : it was too brutally obvious a reminder of the principle which made quadruped and human chattels differ only in the number of their legs. The derivative ἀνδραποδίζω, ";kidnap"; supplied an agent noun with the like odious meaning, which alone appears in NT (1 Timothy 1:10). See also Philo de Spec. Leg. IV. 13 (p. 338 M.) κλέπτης δέ τίς ἐστι καὶ ὁ ἀνδραποδιστής, ἀλλὰ τοῦ πάντων ἀρίστου, ὅσα ἐπὶ γῆς εἶναι συμβέβηκεν.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ανδραποδισταις ανδραποδισταίς ἀνδραποδισταῖς andrapodistais andrapodistaîs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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