Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#40 - ἅγιος

from hagos (an awful thing) [cf (G53), (G2282)]
Parts of Speech
  1. most holy thing, a saint
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἅγιος [], α, ον,

devoted to the gods:

I in good sense, sacred, holy:

1 of things, esp. temples, ἈΦροδίτης ἱρὸν ἅ. Hdt. 2.41; ἱρο'ν Ἡρακλέος ἅ. ib. 44, cf. Pl. Criti. 116c, X. HG 3.2.19; θηρίον Antiph. 147.7; νηὸν ἐπὶ τψ χάσματι Ἥρης ἅ. ἐστήσατο Luc. Syr.D. 13: generally, θυσίαι, ξυμβόλαια, Isoc. 10.63, Pl. Lg. 729e (Sup.); μητρός.. ἐστι πατρὶς ἁγιώτερον Id. Cri. 51a; ὅρκος ἅ. Arist. Mir. 834b11; ., τό, temple, OGI 56.59 (Canopus), LXX Exodus 26:33, al., cf. Hebrews 9:2; τὸ ἅ. τῶν ἁγίων Holy of Holies, LXX l. c.; τὰ ἅ. τῶν ἁ. 1 Kings 8:6, etc., cf. Hebrews 9:3.

2. of persons, holy, pure, Ar. Av. 522 (anap.); λαὸς ἅ. Κυρίῳ LXX Deuteronomy 7:6, al.; οἱ ἅ. the Saints, 1 Corinthians 6:1,al.; πνεῦμα ἅ. the Holy Spirit, Matthew 3:11, al. Adv. ἁγίως καὶ σεμνῶς ἔχειν Isoc. 11.25.

II in bad sense, accursed, execrable, Cratin. 373, Eust. 1356.59. Never in Hom., Hes., or Trag. (who use ἁγνός); rare in Att. (v. supr.). (Possibly cognate with Skt. yajati 'sacrifice'.)

ἅγιος , -α , -ον

(<το ἅγος , religious awe; ἅζω , to venerate),

[in LXX chiefly for H6945;]

primarily, dedicated to the gods, sacred (Hdt.; rare in Att..., never in Horn., Hes. and Trag., who use ἁγνός ), hence, holy, characteristic of God, separated to God, worthy of veneration.

1. Its highest application is to God himself, in his purity, majesty, and glory: Luke 1:49, John 17:11, Revelation 4:8. Hence

(a) of things and places which have a claim to reverence as sacred to God, e.g. the Temple: Matthew 24:15, Hebrews 9:1;

(b) of persons employed by him, as angels: 1 Thessalonians 3:13; prophets, Luke 1:70; apostles, Ephesians 3:5.

2. Applied to persons as separated to God's service:

(a) of Christ, Mark 1:24, John 6:69, Acts 4:30;

(b) of Christians, Acts 9:13, Romans 1:7, Hebrews 6:10, Revelation 5:8.

3. In the moral sense of sharing God's purity: Mark 6:20, John 17:11, Acts 3:14, Revelation 3:7.

4. Of pure, clean sacrifices and offerings: 1 Corinthians 7:14, Ephesians 1:4.

SYN.: ἁγνός G53, pure, both in ceremonial and spiritual sense; ἱερός G2413 (sacer), sacred, that which is inviolable because of its (external) relation to God; ἅσιος (sanctus as opp. to nefas), that which is based on everlasting ordinances of right. (Cf. Tr., Syn., § 88; DB, 2, 399 f.; Cremer, 34, 594-601; MM, VGT, s.v.)

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The adjective is common as a title of the gods in the inscriptions, e.g. OGIS 378.1 (A.D. 18–9) θεῷ ἁγίῳ ὑψίστῳ : cf. ib. 721.1 ὁ δᾳδοῦχος τῶν ἁγιωτάτων Ἐλευσῖνι μυστηρίων. The superlative may be further illustrated (cf. Judges 1:20) from the oldest recovered Christian letter P Amh I. 3(a)iii. 22 f. (between A.D. 264 (265) and 282 (281)) τοῖς κατ᾽ α [ὐτὸν ἁγιω ]τάτοις προ ̣[εστῶσι ] : cf. Deissmann LAE, p. 192 ff. For τὸ ἅγιον as ";temple"; cf. OGIS 56.59 (the Canopus inscr. of Ptolemy III, B.C. 239) καθιδρῦσαι [sc. ἄγαλμα χρυσοῦν διάλιθον ] ἐν τῶι ἁγίωι.

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αγια ἁγία ἁγίᾳ Ἅγια ἅγιά αγιαι ἅγιαι αγιαις ἁγίαις αγιαν ἁγίαν αγιας ἁγίας αγιε ἅγιε αγιοι ἅγιοι αγιοις ἁγίοις αγιον ἅγιον αγιος ἅγιος ἅγιός αγιου ἁγίου αγιους ἁγίους αγιω ἁγίῳ αγιων ἁγίων αγιωτατη ἁγιωτάτῃ θεοῦ agia agiai agiais agian agias agie agio agiō agioi agiois agion agiōn agios agiotate agiōtatē agiou agious hagia hagía Hágia hágiá hagiai hagíāi hágiai hagiais hagíais hagian hagían hagias hagías hagie hágie hagio hagiō hagioi hagíoi hagíōi hágioi hagiois hagíois hagion hagiōn hagíon hagíōn hágion hagios hágios hágiós hagiotate hagiōtatē hagiotátei hagiōtátēi hagiou hagíou hagious hagíous theou theoû
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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