Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#75 - ἀγωνίζομαι

from (G73)
Parts of Speech
  1. to enter a contest: contend in the gymnastic games
  2. to contend with adversaries, fight
  3. metaph. to contend, struggle, with difficulties and dangers
  4. to endeavour with strenuous zeal, strive: to obtain something
Strong #: 7712 ‑ שְׁדַר (shed‑ar');  7760 ‑ שִׂים (soom, seem);  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


ἀγων-ίζομαι, fut. -ῐοῦμαι E. Heracl. 992, etc. (in pass. sense, v. infr. B); -ίσομαι only in late writers, as Porph. Abst. 1.31; -ισθήσομαι Aristid. 1.504J.: aor. ἠγωνισάμην E. Supp. 427, etc.: pf. ἠγώνισμαι (in act. sense) Id Ion 939, Ar. V. 993, Isoc. 18.31 (Pass., v. infr. B): aor. ἠγωνίσθην in pass. sense, infr. B: act. form ἀγωνίσας IG 4.429 (Sicyon): contend for a prize, esp. in the public games, Hdt. 2.160, al.; πρός τινα Pl. R. 579c, al.; περί τινος about a thing, Hdt. 8.26; Ὀλυμπίασιν Pl. Hp.Mi. 364a; περὶ πρωτείων D. 18.66; ὑπὲρ τῆς ἐλευθερίας Id. 18.177: freq. c. acc. cogn., ἀ. στάδιον Hdt. 5.22; τῶν ἀγώνων, οὓς περὶ τῆς ψυχῆς ἠγωνίζεσθε D. 18.262; ἀγῶνα.. τόνδ' ἠγωνίσω thou didst provoke this contest, E. Supp. 427, cf. Ion 939; ἠγωνίζου τι ἡμῖν; Pl. Ion 530a: metaph., τὰ τῆς ψυχῆς Ὀλύμπια Porph. Abst. l.c.

2. fight, Hdt. 1.76, 82, al.; περὶ τῶν ἁπάντων Th. 6.16; πρός τινα Id. 1.36, cf. 8.27: c. acc. cogn., μῶν τι κεδνὸν-ίζετο; E. Heracl. 795; [ μάχην] -ίσαντο E. Supp. 637.

3. contend for the prize on the stage, of the rhapsode, Hdt. 5.67; of the playwright, Ar. Ach. 140, 419; of the actor, D. 19.246, cf. 250, Arist. Po. 1451a8; of the choragus, D. 21.66: c. acc., δράματα IG 12(7).226 (Amorgos): generally, contend for victory, καλῶς.. ἠγώνισαι Pl. Smp. 194a, cf. Mx. 235d; argue, ὅλψ τῷ πράγματι about the question as a whole, Hp.Mi. 369c; esp. argue sophistically, opp. διαλέγομαι, Tht. 167e.

4. of public speaking, X. Mem. 3.7.4; ἀ. πρὸς ἀπόδειξιν Arist. Fr. 133 (Theodect. ap. Rh. 6.19 W.). II contend in court, as law term, Antipho 5.7: c. acc. cogn., ἀ. δίκην, γραφήν fight a cause to the last, Lys. 3.20, D. 23.100; ἀ. ψευδομαρτυριῶν (sc. γραφήν) Id. 24.131; ἀ. ἀγῶνα And. 1.20, Lys. 7,39; ἀ, φόνον fight against a charge of murder, E. Andr. 336; αὐτοῖς ἀ. τοῖς πράγμασιν grapple with the facts of the case, Arist. Rh. 1404a5. III generally, struggle, exert oneself, c. inf., Th. 4.87; εὖ ἀ. Lys. 20.22, cf. Plu. Phoc. 37. Pass., to be decided by contest, brought to issue, mostly in pf., πολλοὶ ἀγῶνες ἀγωνίδαται Hdt. 9.26; τὰ ἠγωνισμένα points at issue, E. Supp. 465, D. 24.145: rarely in pres., ὁ ἀγωνιζόμενος νόμος the law on trial, D. 24.28; or aor., δεινὸς.. κίνδυνος ὑπὲρ τῆς.. ἐλευθερίας ἠγωνίσθη Lys. 2.34; ἠγωνίσθη λαμπρῶς (impers.) Plu. Sert. 21: fut. Med. in pass. sense, ἀγωνιεῖται καὶ κριθήσεται τὸ πρᾶγμα shall be brought to issue and determined, D. 21.7.


(<ἀγών ),

[in LXX: Da TH Daniel 6:14 (H1079 H7761), Sirach 4:28; Sirach 4:1-2, 4 Maccabees 5:1-38 *;]

1. to contend for a prize: 1 Corinthians 9:25

2. to fight, struggle, strive: John 18:36; metaph. (MM, VGT, s.v.), Colossians 1:29; Colossians 4:12, 1 Timothy 4:10; 1 Timothy 6:12, 2 Timothy 4:7; c. inf. (Field, Notes, 66), Luke 13:24 (Cremer, 609).†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἀγωνίζομαι is very common in the inscriptions, e.g. Syll 213.33 (iii/B.C.) ἀγωνιζόμενος ὑπὲρ τῆς κοινῆς σωτηρίας, where the reference is to warfare. So ib. 163.18 (B.C. 318–7) πρ ]οείλετοτελευτῆσαι ὑπὸ τῶν ἐναντίων ἀγ [ωνιζόμεν ]ος ὑπὲρ τῆς δημοκρατίας : ib. 199.7 (iii/B.C.) and 198.19 (B.C. 281) ἀγωνιζόμενος ὑπ [ὲρ αὐτοῦ ], etc. Cf. an Athenian inscription of B.C. 268–6, Syll 214.10, ἐπειδὴ πρότερομ μὲν Ἀθηναῖοι καὶ Λακεδαιμόνιοι καὶ οἱ σύμμαχοι οἱ ἑκατέρων φιλίαν καὶ συμμαχίαν κοινὴν ποιησάμενοι πρὸς ἑαυτοὺς πολλοὺς καὶ καλοὺς ἀγῶνας ἠγωνίσαντο μετ᾽ ἀλλήλων πρὸς τοὺς καταδουλοῦσθαι τὰς πόλεις ἐπιχειροῦντας. The phrase here hardly differs from 2 Timothy 4:7, and when taken along with the preceding inscription makes it decidedly less clear that the figure there is drawn from the games, as Deissmann thinks (LAE, p. 312), illustrating the passage from a ii/A.D. inscription from the theatre at Ephesus—ἠγωνίσατο ἀγῶνας τρεῖς, ἐστέφθη δύω (Greek Inscriptions in the British Museum III. 604). For the rare use of . with an inf. as in Luke 13:24 ἀγωνίζεσθε εἰσελθεῖν, Field (Notes, p. 66) compares Diod. Sic. X., p. 25, ed. Bip. : ὥστε ὁ μὲν πατὴρ ἐξίστασθαι τῆς ὅλης ἀρχῆς ἠγωνίζετο τῷ παιδί. The verb is MGr.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
Αγωνιζεσθε αγωνίζεσθε Ἀγωνίζεσθε αγωνιζομεθα ἀγωνιζόμεθα αγωνιζομενος αγωνιζόμενος ἀγωνιζόμενος αγωνιζου αγωνίζου ἀγωνίζου απο ηγωνιζοντο ηγωνίζοντο ἠγωνίζοντο ηγωνίσατο ηγωνισμαι ηγώνισμαι ἠγώνισμαι Agonizesthe Agonízesthe Agōnizesthe Agōnízesthe agonizomenos agonizómenos agōnizomenos agōnizómenos agonizometha agonizómetha agōnizometha agōnizómetha agonizou agonízou agōnizou agōnízou egonismai egṓnismai ēgōnismai ēgṓnismai egonizonto egonízonto ēgōnizonto ēgōnízonto
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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