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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2842 - κοινωνία

Transliteration
koinōnía
Phonetics
koy-nohn-ee'-ah
Origin
from (G2844)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
3:797,447
Definition
Thayer's
  1. fellowship, association, community, communion, joint participation, intercourse
    1. the share which one has in anything, participation
    2. intercourse, fellowship, intimacy
      1. the right hand as a sign and pledge of fellowship (in fulfilling the apostolic office)
    3. a gift jointly contributed, a collection, a contribution, as exhibiting an embodiment and proof of fellowship
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8667 ‑ תְּשׂוּמָה (tes‑oo‑meth');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (20)
Acts
1
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
4
Galatians
1
Ephesians
1
Philippians
3
Philemon
1
Hebrews
1
1 John
4
NAS (19)
Acts
1
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
4
Galatians
1
Philippians
3
Philemon
1
Hebrews
1
1 John
4
HCS (19)
Acts
1
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
4
Galatians
1
Philippians
3
Philemon
1
Hebrews
1
1 John
4
BSB (19)
Acts
1
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
4
Galatians
1
Philippians
3
Philemon
1
Hebrews
1
1 John
4
ESV (19)
Acts
1
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
4
Galatians
1
Ephesians
1
Philippians
3
Hebrews
1
1 John
4
WEB (21)
Acts
1
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
3
2 Corinthians
4
Galatians
1
Ephesians
1
Philippians
3
Philemon
1
Hebrews
1
1 John
4
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κοινων-ία, ἡ,

I

1. communion, association, partnership, κ. μαλθακά Pi. P. 1.97; οὔτε φιλία ἰδιώταις οὔτε κ. πόλεσιν Th. 3.10; ὅτῳ δὲ μὴ ἔνι κ., φιλία οὐκ ἂν εἴη Pl. Grg. 507e; ἐν ταῖς κ. τε καὶ ὁμιλίαις Id. Lg. 861e, cf. Smp. 182c; ἡ περὶ.. ἀνθρώπους πρὸς ἀλλήλους κ. ib. 188c; ἐν διαλύσει τῆς κ. Id. R. 343d; ἡ τῶν γυναικῶν κ. τοῖς ἀνδράσι, viz. co-education, ib. 466c; ἀνθρωπίνη κ. human society, Id. Plt. 276b; ἡ κ. ἡ πολιτική Arist. Pol. 1252a7; αὕτη ἡ κ., of marriage, ib. 1334b33; πόλις ἡ γενῶν καὶ κωμῶν κ. ib. 1281a1; fellowship, Act. Ap. 2.42, al.; ἡ πρὸς τὸν Δία κ. Arr. Epict. 2.19.27. joint-ownership, PLond. 2.311.2 (ii A.D.), etc.

2. c. gen. objecti, λυγραὶ.. τῶν ὅπλων κ. E. HF 1377; γάμων Pl. Lg. 721a; γυναικῶν Id. R. 461e; ἡ ἡδονῆς τε καὶ λύπης κ. συνδεῖ ib. 462b; τῶν πόνων Id. Ti. 87e; βοηθείας καὶ φιλίας D. 9.28; βίου, of marriage, BGU 1051.9 (Aug.); ἡ κ. τοῦ ἁγίου πνεύματος 2 Corinthians 13:14 (later, of Holy Communion, Just. Nov. 7.11); κ. τῶν ἱερῶν Supp.Epigr. 4.247 (Panamara); τίς θαλάσσης βουκόλοις κ.; what have herdsmen to do with the sea? E. IT 254; τίς δαὶ κατόπτρου καὶ ξίφους κ.; Ar. Th. 140; λύπη μανίας κοινωνίαν ἔχει τινά Alex. 296; opp. ἀκοινωνησία, Dam. Pr. 423. II sexual intercourse, E. Ba. 1276; γυναικὸς λαμβάνειν κοινωνίαν Amphis 20.3.

III

1. charitable contribution, alms, Romans 15:26, Hebrews 13:16, Jahresh. 4 Beibl. 37.

2. charitable disposition, opp. πλεονεξία, Corp.Herm. 13.9. Pythag. name for 2, Theol.Ar. 8.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κοινωνία , -ας ,

(< κοινωνός ),

[in LXX: Leviticus 6:2 (H3027 H8667), Wisdom of Solomon 8:18, 3 Maccabees 4:6 *;]

1. fellowship, communion: Acts 2:42, 2 Corinthians 6:14, Philippians 1:5; τ . υἱοῦ , 1 Corinthians 1:9; τ . αἵματος , σώματος Χρ ., 1 Corinthians 10:10 : παθημάτων αὐτσῦ , Philippians 3:10; τ . πνεύματος , 2 Corinthians 13:13, Philippians 2:1; δεξιὰς κοινωνίας , Galatians 2:9; τ . πίστεώς σου , Philemon 1:6; seq. μετὰ : τ . πατρός , 1 John 1:3; 1 John 1:6; ἡμῶν , ἀλλήλων , 1 John 1:3; 1 John 1:7.

2. contribution (as outcome of fellowship): Romans 15:26, 2 Corinthians 8:4; 2 Corinthians 9:13, Hebrews 13:6 (cf. Art. Communion, DB, i, 460 ff.; MM, Exp., xv).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

It is worth noting that the subst. like the verb (s.v. κοινωνέω ad fin.) is used specially of the closest of all human relationships, e.g. BGU IV. 1051.9 (marriage contract of time of Augustus) συνχωρ [οῦσι Λύ ]καινα καὶ Ἱέραξ συνεληλυθέναι ἀλλ [ήλοις ] πρὸς βίου κοινωνίαν, the coeval 1052.7, and P Oxy XII. 1473.33 (A.D. 201) συνῆλθ [ο ]ν τῷ. . Ὡρείωνι πρὸς γάμου κοινωνία (l.ίαν). We have the phrase κατὰ κοινωνίαν with gen., ";belonging in common to,"; in P Flor I. 41.5 (A.D. 140), al. For κοινωνία = ";partnership"; see P Ryl II. 117.16 (A.D. 269) ὁ ὁμ ]οπάτριός μου ἀδελφὸς. . πρὸς ὃν οὐδεμ ̣ι ̣α ̣[ν κοι ]ν ̣ω ̣ν ̣ίαν ε ̣̀χ ̣[ω, ";my brother on my father’s side, with whom I have no partnership,"; and the commercial association of Syll 300.54 (B.C. 170) (where see the editor’s note). Cf. the active relationship underlying the word in such passages as Acts 2:42, 2 Corinthians 13:13, Philippians 2:1, and the full discussion of the NT usage by Armitage Robinson in Hastings’ DB i. p. 460 ff. With 1 John 1:6 Sharp (p. 111) compares the use of the term in Epict. ii. 19. 27 περὶ τῆς πρὸς τὸν Δία κοινωνίας βουλευόμενον, ";aiming to have fellowship with Zeus.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κοινωνια κοινωνία κοινωνίᾳ κοινωνιαν κοινωνίαν κοινωνιας κοινωνίας koinonia koinonía koinōnia koinōnía koinoníāi koinōníāi koinonian koinonían koinōnian koinōnían koinonias koinonías koinōnias koinōnías
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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