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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4673 - σορός

probably akin to the base of (G4987)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
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  1. an urn or receptacle for keeping the bones of the dead
  2. the funeral couch or bier on which the Jews carried their dead forth to burial
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 727 ‑ אָרֹן (aw‑rone', aw‑rone');  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σορός, ἡ,

vessel for holding human remains, cinerary urn, ὣς δὲ καὶ ὀστέα νῶϊν ὁμὴ ς. ἀμφικαλύπτοι Il. 23.91; coffin, Hdt. 1.68, 2.78, Ar. Ach. 691, Lys. 600, etc.; of stone, Thphr. Ign. 46, Dsc. 5.124: prov., τὸν ἕτερον πόδα ἐν τῇ ς. ἔχειν Luc. Herm. 78; bier, Ev.Luke 7:14, PLond. 1.121.236 (iii A.D.) .

II as nickname of an old man or woman, Ar. V. 1365, Macho ap. Ath. 13.580c .

III αἱ δημόσιαι ς . dub. sens. in PLips. 86.11 (iv A.D.) .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σορός, σοροῦ, , an urn or receptacle for keeping the bones of the dead (Homer, Iliad 23, 91); a coffin (Genesis 50:26; Herodotus 1, 68; 2, 78; Aristophanes, Aeschines, Plutarch, others); the funeral-couch or bier on which the Jews carried their dead forth to burial (see B. D. American edition under the word ; Edersheim, Jesus the Messiah, i., 555f): Luke 7:14.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σορός , -οῦ , ,

[in LXX: Genesis 50:26 (H727), Job 21:32 A *;]

(a) a cinerary urn (Hom.);

(b) a coffin (Hdt., i, 68, 3, a1.): Luke 7:14.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT


";relative,"; with reference to blood-relationship : cf. P Grenf II. 78.13 (A.D. 307) συγγε [νεῖς ἀ ]δελφοί, and P Fay I. 115.4 (A.D. 101) ἀγόρασον ἡμῖν δύωι συγενῆ χυρίδια (l. συγγενῆ χοιρίδια), ";buy us two pigs of a litter"; (Edd.). See also Aristeas 7 οὐ μόνον κατὰ τὸ συγγενὲς ἀδελφῷ καθεστῶτι, ";not only does thy character shew thee to be my brother by birth"; (Thackeray).

The word is common along with κύριος in the sense of ";guardian kinsman"; : e.g. BGU III. 975.13 (A.D. 45) (= Selections, p. 42) μετὰ γυρίου τοῦ ἑ (α)υτῆς συνγηνος Σαταβοῦς, ";along with her guardian kinsman Satabous,"; P Tebt II. 381.5 (A.D. 123) (=Selections, p. 77) Θαῆσις. . . μετὰ κυρίου τοῦ ἑαυτῆς συνγενοῦς Κρονίωνος, ib. 311.11 (A.D. 134), and P Lond 903.8 (early ii/A.D.) (= III. p. 116).

For the extension of the word to denote all of the same nationality (as in Romans 9:3) or of the same tribe (as in Rom. 16:7, 11; 21), see W. M. Ramsay Cities p. 177 f. For the first of these uses we may cite the difficult phrase συγγενεῖς κάτοικοι, as in P Tebt I. 61(b)79 (B.C 118-7) τῶν στρατευομένων ἐν τοῖς συγ [γ ]ενέσι τῶν κατοίκων ἱπέων , ib. 6258 (B.C. 119-8) συγγενῶν κατοίκων ἱππέων : see GH ad ib. 329, where the suggestion is thrown out that the class referred to is perhaps to be connected with an arrangement by ";nationalities."; Schubart (Archiv ii. p. 153) thinks that the reference is rather to a special class of κάτοικοι perhaps ";a more distinguished regiment"; (";ein vornehmeres Regiment";)

In any case this may lead us to the use of συγγενής as the highest honorific title introduced by the Ptolemies (cf. the OT apocryphal books and the use of ";cousin"; by the King of England) : see e.g. P Amh II. 36.1 (c. B.C. 135) βοήθω [ι ] συνγενεῖ κα [ὶ ἐπιστρ ]ατήγωι ̣ καὶ στρ [α ]τηγῶι τῆς Θηβ [αίδ ]ος, and from the inscrr. OGIS 104.2 (c. B.C. 190) Χρύσερμον. . . τὸν συγγενῆ βασιλέως Πτολεμαίου καὶ ἐξηγητήν, ib. 137.9 (B.C. 146–116) Λόχον τὸν συγγενέα [καὶ ] στρατηγόν, and Perg 248.28 (B.C. 135–4) Ἀθήναιος ὁ Σωσάνδρου υἱός, τοῦ γενομένου ἱερέως τοῦ Καθηγεμόνος [Δι ]ονύσου καὶ συντρόφου τοῦ πατρός μου, ὅτι μὲν ἡμῶν ἐστὶ συ [γ ]γενής.


";relative."; The dat. plur. συγγενεῦσι (Mark 6:4, Luke 2:44, 1 Maccabees 10:89 A—WH Notes.2, p. 165) can be cited from the Pisidian inscr. JHS xxii. (1902), p. 358 No. 118; but συγγενέσι is found in P Par 15.21 (B.C. 120), P Tebt I. 61(b).79 (B.C. 118–7), al.


";kinswoman,"; a late form (Lob. Phryn. p. 451 f,), is found in the NT only in Luke 1:36 : cf. P Amh II. 78.9 (A.D. 184) τῇ συνγενίδι μου. . . πρὸς γάμον συνελθ [ ]ν, ";being married to my kinswoman,"; and from the inscrr. BCH xxiv. (1900), p. 339.17 συνγενίδος. See also Blass-Debrunner § 59. 3 and Psaltes Gr. p. 152.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σορου σορού σοροῦ σορώ sorou soroû
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