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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5476 - χαμαί

perhaps from the base of (G5490) through the idea of a fissure in the soil
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  1. on the ground, on the earth
  2. to the ground
Frequency Lists
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ASV (2)
John 2
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John 2
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John 2
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The Lexham English Bible
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John 2
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John 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions



on the ground, χ. ἧσθαι Od. 7.160; τὸν αὖ χ. ἐξενάριξε Il. 11.145; χ. ἐρχομένων ἀνθρώπων 5.442, cf. Sapph. 94, etc.; χ. τιθεὶς πόδα A. Ag. 906; αἷμα μητρῷον χ. Id. Eu. 261 (lyr.), cf. Ar. Ach. 869, Eq. 155, Nu. 231, al.; θέντες χ. Hdt. 4.67; χ. καθίζοντες Pl. Criti. 120b; χ. κείμενος IG 22.1672.305; of birds, ποιεῖν νεοττιὰν χ., opp. ἐπὶ δένδρου, Arist. HA 618a10.

2. metaph., ἐσλὸν χ. σιγᾷ καλύψαι to bury in silence underground, Pi. N. 9.7; χ. ἐρχόμενοι cleaving to earth, Luc. Herm. 5, Icar. 6; ὁ χ. βίος Metrod. Fr. 38.

II = χαμᾶζε, to earth, ἐν κονίῃσι χ. πέσεν Il. 4.482; χ. βάλον ἐν κονίῃσι 5.588, cf. Od. 22.188, Il. 4.526; ἐκ δίφροιο χαμαὶ θόρε 8.320; μὴ χ. πεσεῖν to the ground, E. Med. 1170; οὐ χ. πεσεῖται ὅ τι ἂν εἴπῃς Pl. Euthphr. 14d; ἔπτυσε χ. John 9:6; also ἐκβαλεῖν εἰς τὸ χ. AP 11.89 (Lucill.). (Cf. Lat. humus, humi, Lith. þ[etilde]më 'earth'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

χαμαί, adverb;

a. on the ground, on the earth.

b. to the ground; in both senses from Homer down; in the latter sense John 9:6 (where, however, English idiom retains on); .

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

χαμαί ,


on or to the ground: John 9:6; John 18:6.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";bear false witness"; (Mat. 19:18 al.) : cf. the compd. ψευδογραφέω in P Tebt I. 7817 (B.C. 110–8) μηθὲν ἐψ [ε ]υδογραφηκέναι, ";I have made no false statement"; (Edd.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
χαμαι χαμαί χαμαὶ χαμαιλέοντες χαμαιλέων chamai chamaí chamaì
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