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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1203 - δεσπότης

Transliteration
despótēs
Phonetics
des-pot'-ace  
Word Origin
perhaps from (1210) and posis (a husband)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
2:44,145
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a master, Lord
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 113 ‑ אָדֹן (aw‑done', aw‑done');  136 ‑ אֲדֹנָי (ad‑o‑noy');  433 ‑ אֱלֹהַּ (el‑o'‑ah, el‑o'‑ah);  3068 ‑ יהוה (yeh‑ho‑vaw');  4911 ‑ מָשַׁל (maw‑shal');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (10) NAS (10) HCS (10)
Luke 1
Acts 1
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 1
Jude 1
Revelation 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 1
Jude 1
Revelation 1
Luke 1
Acts 1
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Titus 1
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 1
Jude 1
Revelation 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-APM 2
N-ASM 2
N-DPM 2
N-DSM 1
N-NSM 1
N-VSM 2
N-APM 2
N-ASM 2
N-DPM 2
N-DSM 1
N-NSM 1
N-VSM 2
N-APM 2
N-ASM 2
N-DPM 2
N-DSM 1
N-NSM 1
N-VSM 2
NA WH
N-APM 2
N-ASM 2
N-DPM 2
N-DSM 1
N-NSM 1
N-VSM 2
N-APM 2
N-ASM 2
N-DPM 2
N-DSM 1
N-NSM 1
N-VSM 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

δεσπότ-ης, ου, ὁ;

voc. δέσποτᾰ: Ion. acc. δεσπότεα Hdt. 1.91, al., Luc. Syr.D. 25:

I

1. master, lord, prop. the master of the house, δόμων A. Eu. 60, etc.; ὄμμα γὰρ δόμων νομίζω δεσπότου παρουσίαν Id. Pers. 169: pl., of a family, Id. Ag. 32, Ch. 53, 82 (lyr.); in respect of slaves, Pl. Prm. 133d; δοῦλοι καὶ δ. οὐκ ἄν ποτε γένοιντο φίλοι Id. Lg. 757a, etc.; δ. καὶ δοῦλος Arist. Pol. 1253b6, cf. 1278b35; ὦ δέσποτ' ἄναξ Ar. Pax 90 (anap.); ὦναξ δέσποτα ib. 389, Fr. 598; δέσποτ' ἄναξ Men. 312.5.

2. despot, absolute ruler, Hdt. 3.89, Th. 6.77; τύραννος καὶ δ. Pl. Lg. 859a; of the Roman Emperors, Ph. 2.568, D.C. 55.12, Hdn. 1.6.4; γᾶς καὶ θαλάσσας δ. IG 12(2).216 (Mytilene).

3. of the gods, S. Fr. 535, E. Hipp. 88, Ar. V. 875, X. An. 3.2.13.

4. dominant planet, Vett. Val. 5.16.

II generally, master, lord, owner, κώμου, ναῶν, Pi. O. 6.18, P. 4.207; μαντευμάτων A. Th. 27; τῶν Ἡρακλείων ὅπλων S. Ph. 262; ἑπτὰ δεσποτῶν, of the seven Chiefs against Thebes, E. Supp. 636; τοῦ ὄρτυγος Poll. 9.108. Not in Hom. (for metrical reasons), though he uses δέσποινα in Od. (Prob. for δεμσποτ- 'lord of the house', cf. δόμος.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

δεσπότης, δεσπότου, (from Pindar down), a master, lord (as of δοῦλοι, οἰκέται): 1 Timothy 6:1,(2); 2 Timothy 2:21; Titus 2:9; 1 Peter 2:18; God is thus addressed by one who calls himself his δοῦλος: Luke 2:29, cf. Acts 4:24, 29 (δεσπότης τῶν πάντων, Job 5:8; Wis. 6:8); Christ is so called, as one who has bought his servants, 2 Peter 2:1; rules over his church, Jude 1:4 (some take δεσπότης here as designating God; cf. R. V. marginal reading); and whose prerogative it is to take vengeance on those who persecute his followers, Revelation 6:10. [SYNONYMS: δεσπότης, κύριος: δεσπότης was strictly the correlative of slave, δοῦλος, and hence, denoted absolute ownership and uncontrolled power; κύριος had a wider meaning, applicable to the various ranks and relations of life, and not suggestive either of property or of absolutism. Ammonius under the word δεσπότης says δεδσποτης τῶν ἀργυρωνητων. κύριος δέ καί πατήρ υἱοῦ καί αὐτός τίς ἑαυτοῦ. So Philo, quis rer. div. heres § 6 ὥστε τόν δεσπότην κύριον εἶναι καί ἔτι ὡσανεί φοβερόν κύριον, οὐ μόνον τό κῦρος καί τό κράτος ἁπάντων ἀνημμενον, ἀλλά καί δέος καί φόβον ἱκανόν ἐμποιησαι. Cf. Trench, § xxviii.; Woolsey, in Bib. Sacr. for 1861, p. 599f; Schmidt, chapter 161, 5.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δεσπότης , -ου , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H113, H136; in Judith 9:17, δ . τ . οὐρανῶν κ . τ . γῆς ];

a master, lord, correlative of δοῦλος , οἰκέτης : 1 Timothy 6:1-2, 2 Timothy 2:21, Titus 2:9, 1 Peter 2:18; as title of God, voc., δέσποτα (so usually in LXX), Luke 2:29, Acts 4:24; ὁ δ . = voc. δέσποτα (cf. B1., § 33, 4), Revelation 6:10; of Christ, 2 Peter 2:1, Judges 1:4, R, txt. (but cf. mg.).†

SYN.: κύριος G2962 (q.v.), implying limitation of authority and a more general relation than δ ., which "denoted absolute ownership and uncontrolled power" (Thayer).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

BGU IV. 1125.7 (B.C. 13) τὰ ]ς μελέτας καὶ τὰς ἐπιδίξις ἐγὼι αὐτὸς ὁ δεσπότης χορη [γ ]η ̣σ ̣ωι αὐτῶι Ν ̣α ̣ρ ̣κ ̣ι ̣σ ̣σ ̣ωι [. . . : N. is the writer’s slave. P Giss I. 27.12 (c. A.D. 117) πα [ι ]δάρια δυ ̣ο ἀ [π ]ὸ Αὐ ̣άσεως (= Ὀάσεως ) ἠνέχθη τῷ δεσπό [τῃ , ὧν τὸ ] μ [ ]ν ἐστιν τετραετές , τὸ δὲ τριετῆ . A derived noun occurs BGU IV. 1187.32 (c. B.C. 1) μενούσης μοι [τῆς ] κυριείας καὶ δεσποτήας [τῶ ]ν δηλουμένων τόπων [κ ]αθότι καί ἐστιν (i.e. εἰσιν ) ἡμέτεροι . In the same petition, l..9, we find the kindred verb : καὶ ἐφ᾽ ὃν περιῇ χρό [ν ]ον ·κρατῶν (for –οῦσα !) δεσπόζουσα ἀνεμφ [οδ ]ίστω [ς μη ]δενὸς ἁπλ ̣[ ]ς δια [κωλύοντος διετέλει —referring to the same estate as held by the writer’s mother. So P Tor I. 1 viii. 26 (B.C. 116) (= Chrest. II. p. 38) ἕκαστον δ᾽ αὐτῶν δεσπόζοντα τῆς ἰδίας κτήσεως . Preisigke 4127.1 ἀκτινοβόλε δέσποτα opens a hymn to the sun. In MGr δεσπότης is a bishop or priest : the voc. δέσποτα survives in eccl. language, ";reverend sir."; But the fem. δέσποινα (also eccl.) is a title of Mary, descended of course from the classical use of the term in addressing goddesses.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δεσποτα δεσποτά δέσποτα δεσποταις δεσπόταις δεσποτας δεσπότας δεσποτη δεσπότη δεσπότῃ δεσποτην δεσπότην δεσποτης δεσπότης δεσπότου δεσποτών despota déspota despotais despótais despotas despótas despote despotē despótei despótēi despoten despotēn despóten despótēn despotes despotēs despótes despótēs
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