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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1394 - δόσις

Word Origin
from the base of (1325)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a giving
  2. a gift
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2706 ‑ חֹק (khoke);  4976 ‑ מַתָּן (mat‑tawn');  4991 ‑ מַתַּת (mat‑tawth');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
Philippians 1
James 1
Philippians 1
James 1
Philippians 1
James 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

δόσις, εως, ἡ,



1. giving, φαρμάκου Antipho 1.18; χρημάτων Hdt. 1.61; μισθοῦ Th. 1.143; opp. αἴτησις, Pl. Euthphr. 14d; δ. χρημάτων καὶ λῆψις Arist. EN 1107b8; λήψεις καὶ δόσεις Arr. Epict. 2.9.12, cf. LXX Si. 41.19, Philippians 4:15. licence, permission, SIG 987.33 (Chios, iv B. C.).

2. ἐμβολῶν δ. ramming in naval tactics, D.S. 13.10.


1. gift, καί οἱ δ. ἔσσεται ἐσθλή Il. 10.213; δ. ὀλίγη τε φίλη τε Od. 6.208, 14.58, cf. Hdt. 1.90, 9.93, S. OT 1518, etc.; δόσιν κακὰν κακῶν κακοῖς A. Pers. 1041 (lyr.); θεῶν εἰς ἀνθρώπους Pl. Phlb. 16c.

2. bequest, legacy: κατὰ δόσιν by will (opp. κατὰ γένος, as heir-at-law), Isa 4.7, Isoc. 19.45, cf. Harp.

3. largess, = Lat. congiarium, Hdn. 6.8.8 (pl.).

4. contribution towards the fulfilment of a purpose, Chrysipp.(?) Stoic. 3.30.

5. payment on account, instalment, IG 12.296, 7.303.35 (Orop.), etc.; payment in kind, PMasp. 146.4 (vi A. D.), al.

6. portion, LXX Genesis 47:22, al., BGU 1122.12 (i B. C.); διελὼν εἰς δόσεις Plu. Arat. 13.

7. dose of medicine, Dsc. 2.171; δ. τελεία full dose, Ruf. ap. Orib. 8.57.5, etc., cf. Luc. Obadiah 1:4.

8. τῆς οἰκονομίας πολλὴν ποιεῖσθαι δ. lay great stress on an arrangement, D.H. Dem. 51; οὐ τοσαύτην ποιούμενοι τῆς ἡδονῆς δ. ὅσην τῆς ἀληθείας ib. 18.

9. destiny, fate of an individual, ἡ ἀνθρωπίνη δ. Iamb. Myst. 1.3; esp. of planetary influence, Plot. 2.3.2, al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

δόσις, δόσεως, (δίδωμι);

1. a giving (from Herodotus down): λόγος δόσεως καί λήψεως, an account of giving and receiving (i. e. debit and credit accounts; cf. λόγος II. 3), Philippians 4:15; here Paul, by a pleasant euphemism, refers to the pecuniary gifts, which the church bestowing them enters in the account of expenses, but he himself in the account of receipts; cf. Van Hengel at the passage; so δόσις καί λῆψις, of money given and received, Sir. 41:19 Sir. 42:7; (Hermas, mand. 5, 2, 2 [ET]), and plural Epictetus diss. 2, 9, 12.

2. a gift, (from Homer down): James 1:17. (Synonym: see δόμα, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δόσις , -εως ,

(δίδωμι ),

[in LXX for H2706 (Genesis 47:22), (Proverbs 21:14; Proverbs 25:14), freq. in Sir.;]

1. properly, the act of giving: Philippians 4:15.

2. Objectively, a gift: James 1:17.†

SYN.: see δόμα G1390.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The word is very common in financial transactions. Thus it is = ";instalment"; in P Petr III.41.8, .19 τὴν β ̄ δόσιν, ";the second instalment," so ib. 46(1).27 τὴν δευτέραν δόσιν, P Oxy IV. 724.7 (A.D. 155) ἐξ ὧν ἔσχες τὴν πρώτην δόσιν ἐν δραχμαῖς τεσσαράκοντα, ";of which sum you have received the first instalment amounting to 40 drachmae"; (Edd.), ib. VIII. 1127.19 (A.D. 183) ἀποδότω τῷ μεμισθωκότι τὸ ἐνοίκιον κατ᾽ ἔτος ἐν δόσεσι δυσὶ διὰ ἑξαμήνου τὰς αἱρούσας δραχμὰς τριάκοντα, ";shall pay the rent annually in two half-yearly instalments of 30 drachmae"; (Ed.). Similarly ib. VI. 912.20 (A.D. 235). For δόσις in connexion with the payment of a rate or tax, see P Flor II. 133.5 (A.D. 257) ἔδι μὲν ὑμᾶς μηδὲ ὑπομνήσεως χρήζειν ἰδόντων ὑμῶν τὰς τακτὰς ἡμέρας τῆς δόσεως —a delicately worded reminder with reference to the dyke-tax : cf. Ostr 6.1 (ii/A.D.) in Fayûm Papyri p. 322, δόσις βαλ (ανευτικῶν ?). In a proposed lease of a vineyard, P Lond 163.32 (A.D. 88) (= II. p. 183) we find provision ε ̣ ̣ς ̣ μισθῶν δώσ ̣ι ̣ν, and in BGU II. 473.9 (A.D. 200) ἕνεκεν χρηματικῆς δόσεως. Add P Oxy III. 474.25 (? A.D. 184) ἐπέσχεν ἂν τὴν δόσιν τοῦ φθάσαντος αὐτῷ ὑπὸ σοῦ ἐξοδιασθῆναι ἀργυρίου, and Syll 540.14 (B.C. 175–1) ἐργᾶται δὲ συνεχῶς μετὰ τὸ τὴν δόσιν λαβεῖν ἐντὸς ἡμερῶν δέκα, with the editor’s note where δόσις is explained as ";pensio pretii qua redemptor opus licitus est."; lb. 505.12 (early iii/B.C.) περὶ τὴν τοῦ σ [ ]του δόσιν illustrates the use with other than money objects; while ib. 858.14 (ii/B.C.—Delphi) εἰ δέ τινι ζώων δόσιν ποέοιτο τῶν ἰδίων Σῶσος, shows it as a pure nomen actionis. So also BGU IV. 1151.33 (B.C. 13) οὐδεμί (αν) δόσιν κοιλὴ (ν) ποιούμενοι, ib. 1156.18 (B.C. 15) ἐὰν δέ τινα τῶν καθ᾽ ἡ [μέραν δ ]όσεων κοιλάνωσι. The combination with λῆμψις, as in Philippians 4:15, is of the same character : with this cf. the astrological fragment, P Tebt II. 277.16 (iii/A.D.) δόσις καὶ λήμψις (plur.). The distinction from δόμα is observed throughout the documents : we have not noticed any instances of the purely concrete use generally recognised in James 1:17. A form δόσιμος (MGr δόσιμο) is found in the long list of royal ordinances, P Tebt I. 5.176 (B.C. 118) τῶν δ᾽ ἄλλων τῶν δοσίμων μὴ πλεῖον ἐπισταθμεύεσθαι τοῦ ἡμίσους, where the editors render, ";and in the case of their other buildings which may be used for quarters, not more than half shall be occupied for that purpose.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δόσει δοσεως δόσεως δόσιν δοσις δόσις doseos doseōs dóseos dóseōs dosis dósis
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