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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1417 - δύο

Transliteration
dýo
Phonetics
doo'-o  
Word Origin
a primary numeral
Parts of Speech
Noun
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the two, the twain
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (135) NAS (133) HCS (131)
Matthew 36
Mark 15
Luke 26
John 13
Acts 12
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 2
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 10
Matthew 35
Mark 16
Luke 26
John 13
Acts 12
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 2
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 9
Matthew 40
Mark 18
Luke 25
John 13
Acts 13
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 2
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 10
BYZ TIS TR
A-DPF 3
A-DPM 6
A-NUI 125
A-DPF 3
A-DPM 6
A-NUI 121
A-DPF 3
A-DPM 6
A-NUI 126
NA WH
A-APF 8
A-APM 45
A-APN 17
A-DPF 1
A-DPM 4
A-GPM 9
A-GPN 3
A-NPF 6
A-NPM 32
A-NPN 1
CONJ 1
V-PMPNSM 1
V-XPPNSM 1
A-DPF 3
A-DPM 6
A-NUI 134


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

δύο [],

also δύω in , Eleg. and late, SIG 1231 (Nicomedia, iii/ iv A. D.), not in Ion. Inscrr. nor in Trag. (δύο ῥοπάς shd. be read in E. Hel. 1090), nor in Att. Prose or Inscrr.: Lacon. acc. δύε IG 5(1).1; Thess. fem. δύας ib.9(2).517: gen. and dat. δυοῖν Hp. Vict. 1.3, but f.l. in Hdt. 1.11, 91 [used as monos. in S. OT 640, cf. δώδεκα for δυώδ -]; later Att. also δυεῖν (esp. in fem. gen.) found in codd. of E. El. 536, cited fr. Th. by Ael.Dion. (?) Fr. 372, cf. 1.20 (cod. Laur.); Boeot. δουῖν Corinn. Supp. 2.54; later δυσί, δυσὶν ἡμέραις Th. 8.101 codd., δυσὶν ἡμέρῃσι v.l. in Hp. Acut.(Sp.)67; δυοῖν ὄμμασι καὶ δυσὶν ἀκοαῖς Arist. Pol. 1287b27, cf. Men. 699, SIG 344.26 (Teos, iv B.C.), etc.: early Att. Inscrr. have δυοῖν IG 12.3.10, al., later δυεῖν SIG 2587.286, IG 22.463.78, al., from cent. iii on δυσί ib.1028.27, al.; Ion. gen. δυῶν GDI 5653d9 (Chios), Hdt. 1.94, 130, etc., dat. δυοῖσι ib. 32, 7.104; δυῶν also Dor., Leg.Gort. 1.40, Tab.Heracl. 1.139; δυοῖς Leg.Gort. 7.46. Used indecl., like ἄμφω, by Hom. (who has no gen. or dat. δυοῖν), τῶν δύο μοιράων Il. 10.253; δύω κανόνεσσι 13.407, etc.; so in Hdt. and Att., δύο νεῶν Hdt. 8.82; δύο ζεύγεσι Id. 3.130; δύο νεῶν Th. 3.89; δύο πλέθρων X. An. 3.4.9; with dual, δύο μναῖν dub. l. Id. Mem. 2.5.2; but not in Trag. and rare in Com., ἔτεσιν δύο Alex. 105; δὔ ἔτεσιν Damox. 2.3: not in Att. Inscrr. before the Roman period, IG 3.1443, al.: two, Il. 1.16, etc.; in Hom., δύο and δύω are sts. joined with plural Nouns, δύο δ' ἄνδρες 18.498, al.; also in Trag., δύο κριούς S. Aj. 237 (lyr.); in Att. Prose, δύο τέχνας Pl. Grg. 464b; but δυοῖν is rare with plural Nouns, ὀρθοστάταις δυοῖν IG 2.1054.64; ἕνα καὶ δύο one or two, a few, Il. 2.346; δὔ ἢ τρεῖς Ar. Pax 829, cf. X. HG 3.5.20; εἰς δύο two and two, Id. Cyr. 7.5.17; σὺν δύο two together, Il. 10.224, Hdt. 4.66; δύο ποιεῖν τὴν πόλιν to split the state into two, divide it, Arist. Pol. 1310a4.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

δύο, genitive indeclinable δύο (as in Epic, and occasionally in Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon, Polybius, others for δυοιν, more common in Attic (see Rutherford, New Phryn., p. 289f)); dative δυσί, δυσίν (δυσί in Matthew 6:24; Luke 16:13; Acts 21:33 (Tr δυσίν), δυσίν in Matthew 22:40; Mark 16:12; Luke 12:52 (R G δυσί; Acts 12:6 (R G L δυσί); Hebrews 10:28; Revelation 11:3 (R G δυσί); cf. Tdf. Proleg., p. 98; WHs Appendix, p. 147) — a form not found in the older and better writings, met with in Hippocrates, Aristotle, Theophrastus, frequent from Polybius on, for the Attic δυοιν); accusative δύο (cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 210; Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Spr. i., p. 276f; Winers Grammar, § 9, 2 b.; Passow, i., p. 729); two: absolutely, οὐκ ἔτι εἰσί δύο, ἀλλά σάρξ μία, Matthew 19:6; Mark 10:8; δύο τρεῖς, Matthew 18:20; 1 Corinthians 14:29; τρεῖς ἐπί δυσί καί δύο ἐπί τρισί, Luke 12:52; ἀνά and κατά δύο, two by two (Winers Grammar, 398 (372); 401 (374); Buttmann, 30 (26)), Luke 9:3 (WH omits; Tr brackets ἀνά); (WH ἀνά δύο (δύο); cf. Acta Philip. § 36, Tdf. edition, p. 92); John 2:6 (apiece); 1 Corinthians 14:27; δύο δύο, two and two, Mark 6:7 (so, after the Hebrew, in Genesis 6:19, 20; but the phrase is not altogether foreign even to the Greek poets, as Aesehyl. Pers. 981 μύρια μύρια for κατά μυριάδας, cf. Winer's Grammar, 249 (234) (cf. 39 (38))); neuter εἰς δύο into two parts, Matthew 27:51; Mark 15:38; with the genitive δύο τῶν μαθητῶν (αὐτοῦ), Mark 11:1; Mark 14:13; Luke 19:29; (Matthew 11:2 R G); τῶν οἰκετῶν, Acts 10:7. δύο ἐξ αὐτῶν, Luke 24:13 (cf. Alexander Buttmann (1873) 158 (138); Winer's 203 (191)). with a noun or pronoun: δύο δαιμονιζόμενοι, Matthew 8:28. δύο μάχαιραι, Luke 22:38; ἐπί στόματος δύο μαρτύρων, Matthew 18:16; 2 Corinthians 13:1; δυσί κυρίοις, Matthew 6:24; Luke 16:13; εἶδε δύο ἀδελφούς, Matthew 4:18; preceded by the article, οἱ δύο, the two, the twain: Matthew 19:5; Mark 10:8; 1 Corinthians 6:16; Ephesians 5:31; τούς δύο, Ephesians 2:15; αἱ (Rec. only) δύο διαθῆκαι, Galatians 4:24; οὗτοι (Lachmann brackets οὗτοι) οἱ δύο υἱοί μου, Matthew 20:21; περί τῶν δύο ἀδελφῶν, Matthew 20:24; ἐν ταύταις ταῖς δυσίν ἐντολαῖς, Matthew 22:40; τούς δύο ἰχθύας, Matthew 14:19; Mark 6:41; Luke 9:16; δύο δηνάρια, Luke 10:35.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δύο ,

numeral, indecl. exc. in dat., δυσί , δυσίν (Attic δυοῖν ),

two: Matthew 19:6, Mark 10:8, John 2:6, al.; with pl. noun, Matthew 9:27; Matthew 10:10, al.; οἱ , τῶν , τοὺς δ ., Matthew 19:5; Matthew 20:24, Mark 10:8, Ephesians 2:15, al.; δ . ἐξ , Luke 24:13; distrib., ἀνὰ , κατὰ δ ., two and two, two apiece: Luke 10:1 (WH, ἀνὰ δ . [δύο ]), John 2:6; 1 Corinthians 14:27; δύο δύο (= ἀνὰ δ ., as LXX, Genesis 6:19 for H8147, but not merely "Hebraism," cf. μυρία μυρία , Æsch., Pers., 981, and for usage in Papyri and MGr., v. M, Pr., 21, 97), Mark 6:7; εἰς δ . (two and two, Xen., Cyr., 7, 5, 17), into two parts, Matthew 27:51, Mark 15:38.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The disappearance of the dual flexion of δύο is in line with the whole tendency of Hellenistic : see Proleg. p. 77 ff. The gen. and dat. δυοῖν appears occasionally in a document where the writer desires to make broad his Attic phylacteries : thus P Giss I. 99.15 (B.C. 80) ]ν στή [λαι ]ν δυοῖν [ ]μ ̣προσθε ̣ν ἱδρυμέ [ν ]αιν τοῦ [ν ]εώ, P Strass I. 52.33 (A.D. 151) ἀρουρῶν δυο ̣ῖν ἡμίσους τρίτου (or was this δυεῖν ?), P Oxy VIII. 1119.20 (A.D. 254) δυοῖν θάτερον. The literary Hellenistic δυεῖν (late Attic), which arose phonetically out of δυοῖν (Brugmann-Thumb Gr. p. 78), appears in several papyri, as P Par 1.293 (the Eudoxus astronomical treatise—c. B.C. 165) δυεῖν μηνῶν χρόνος, P Ryl II. 109.5 (A.D. 235) πατὴρ τῶ [ν ] δυεῖν —the document has υἱέας later!, ib. 269.5 (ii/A.D.) ̣κ ̣ δυεῖν οἰκ ̣[ ]ν ̣—this document also betrays artificial dialect by the ";registering"; historic present τελευτᾷ (Proleg. p. 120), ib. 357 (A.D. 201–11) ἀρουρῶν δυεῖν, P Oxy VIII. 1117.16 (c. A.D. 178) ἐκ δυεῖν ταλάντων —here again there is some fine writing in the context, a petition to a Praefect, who would no doubt be impressed by it. Greek dialects pluralized the flexion in different ways—see Brugmann-Thumb Gr. p. 249 f. In Hellenistic we have dat. δυσίν, passim in all our documents, and to a very limited extent gen. δυῶν : see Mayser, Gr. p. 314, who can only quote OGIS 56.62 (B.C. 239–8—the Canopus decree) ἐκ σταχύων δυῶν (in copy A), and BGU I. 287.25 (ii/A.D.) ἀρουρῶν δυῶν —it is ancient Ionic (Herod. and Hippocrates) and Cretan Doric (Gortyn Inscr.). That in MGr δυῶν (ε) occurs occasionally (Thumb Handb. p. 81) may show that the form ran underground to emerge in a few places, but it might be independent analogy. Δυσίν is Ionic (first in Hippocrates), as we might expect from that dialect’s early sacrifice of the dual. With the indeclinable δύο for nom., acc. and gen., it forms the whole of the Κοινή flexion. (The pre-classical δύω, which lived on in δ (υ)ώδεκα, is cited by Mayser (p. 313) from P Leid Ti. 34 (B.C. 164–0) and P Grenf II. 38.12 (B.C. 81)—but there are other cases of ω for ο in this last document by sheer miswriting.) Mayser makes Syll 177.26 (Teos,B.C. 304) the oldest inscriptional warrant for δυσί, which appears in literature before Aristotle. In Attic inscrr. (Meisterhans, p. 157) δυεῖν supplants δυοῖν in Alexander’s time, and lasts a century, δυσί beginning in iii/B.C.

On δύο δύο see Proleg. p. 97 : add to illustrate ἀνὰ δύο δύο P Oxy VI. 886.19 (magical—iii/A.D.) ερε κατὰ δύο δύο, ";lift them up two by two"; (Edd.). It may be noted that οἱ δύο supplants ἄμφω, as in Mark 10:8 etc., P Giss I. 2ii. 5. .14 (B.C. 173) μάρτυ ̣ρες φίλιος Μακεδών, Δημοκρατίω ̣ν Θέσσαλος, οἱ δύο τῶν Κινέου, and οἱ δύο τῆς ἐπιγονῆς —the document has also οἱ τρεῖς MGr has κ᾽ οἱ δυό, ";both,"; οἱ δυό μας, ";both of us.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δυείν δυο δυό δύο δυσι δυσί δυσὶ δυσιν δυσίν δυσὶν τρεῖς duo dusi dusin dyo dýo dysi dysí dysì dysin dysín dysìn treis treîs
Lectionary Calendar
Friday, October 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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