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ver. 2.0.19.10.22
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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1587 - ἐκλείπω

Transliteration
ekleípō
Phonetics
ek-li'-po  
Word Origin
from (1537) and (3007)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. fail
    1. to leave out, omit, pass by
    2. to leave, quit
  2. to fail
    1. to leave off, cease, stop
    2. of the failing or eclipse of the light of the sun and the moon
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 235 ‑ אָזַל (aw‑zal');  622 ‑ אָסַף (aw‑saf');  656 ‑ אָפֵס (aw‑face');  1219 ‑ בָּצַר (baw‑tsar');  1478 ‑ גָּוַע (gaw‑vah');  1504 ‑ גָּזַר (gaw‑zar');  1584 ‑ גָּמַר (gaw‑mar');  1809 ‑ דָּלַל (daw‑lal');  2186 ‑ זָנַח (zaw‑nakh');  2308 ‑ חָדַל (khaw‑dal');  2470 ‑ חָלָה (khaw‑law');  2713 ‑ חָקַר (khaw‑kar');  2717 ‑ חָרַב (khaw‑rab', khaw‑rabe');  2787 ‑ חָרַר (khaw‑rar');  2865 ‑ חָתַת (khaw‑thath');  2973 ‑ יָאַל (yaw‑al');  3286 ‑ יָעֵף (yaw‑af');  3287 ‑ יָעֵף (yaw‑afe');  3341 ‑ יָצַת (yaw‑tsath');  3576 ‑ כָּזַב (kaw‑zab');  3582 ‑ כָּחַד (kaw‑khad');  3615 ‑ כָּלָה (kaw‑law');  3772 ‑ כָּרַת (kaw‑rath');  3856 ‑ לָהַה (law‑hah');  3869 ‑ לוּז (looz);  4171 ‑ מוּר (moor);  4185 ‑ מוּשׁ (moosh);  4191 ‑ מוּת (mooth);  4591 ‑ מָעַט (maw‑at');  5086 ‑ נָדַף (naw‑daf');  5186 ‑ נָטָה (naw‑taw');  5428 ‑ נָתַשׁ (naw‑thash');  5486 ‑ סוּף (soof);  5493 ‑ שׂוּר (soor, soor);  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  5800 ‑ עָזַב (aw‑zab');  5848 ‑ עָטַף (aw‑taf');  5888 ‑ עִיף (aw‑yafe');  5968 ‑ עָלַף (aw‑laf');  5999 ‑ עָמָל (aw‑mawl');  6437 ‑ פָּנָה (paw‑naw');  6658 ‑ צָדָה (tsaw‑daw');  6845 ‑ צָפַן (tsaw‑fan');  6862 ‑ צָר (tsar, tsawr);  7604 ‑ שָׁאַר (shaw‑ar');  7673 ‑ שָׁבַת (shaw‑bath');  8552 ‑ תָּמַם (taw‑mam');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (3) NAS (4) HCS (4)
Luke 2
Hebrews 1
Luke 3
Hebrews 1
Luke 3
Hebrews 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-2AAS-2P 1
V-2AAS-3S 2
V-FAI-3P 1
V-PAS-3S 1
V-2AAS-3S 2
V-AAP-GSM 1
V-FAI-3P 1
V-2AAS-2P 1
V-FAI-3P 1
V-PAS-3S 1
NA WH
V-FAI-3P 1
V-2AAP-GSM 1
V-2AAS-3S 3
V-FAI-3P 1
V-PAP-GSM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐκλείπ-ω,

I

1. leave out, pass over, πολλὰ δ' ἐκλείπω λέγων A. Pers. 513; ἐ. ὄχλον λόγων Id. Pr. 827, cf. D. 25.47; ἐ. Ἄνδρον leave out, pass over Andros, Hdt. 4.33; ἐ. ὁτιοῦν τῆς παρασκευῆς Th. 7.48; τὴν στρατιάν X. HG 5.2.22; εἴ τι ἐξέλιπον, σὸν ἔργον ἀναπληρῶσαι Pl. Smp. 188e: Pass., ὄνειδος οὐκ ἐκλείπεται fails not to appear, A. Eu. 97.

2. forsake, desert, abandon, τὰς πατρίδας, τὴν ξυμμαχίην, etc., Hdt. 1.169, 6.13, etc.; θήρας μόχθον E. Hipp. 52; τὸ ξυνώμοτον Th. 2.74; τὸν ὅρκον E. IT 750; abandon, quit, τὴν τάξιν Hdt. 8.24, al.; τὴν χώρην Id. 4.105, 118,al.; τὸν πλοῦν S. Ph. 911, cf. 58; give up, τὴν τυραννίδα Hdt. 6.123; τὰ ὑπάρχοντα Th. 1.144; θρήνους E. Ph. 1635; v. infr. 11.2.

3. freq.in elliptic phrases, ἐκλείπειν τὴν πόλιν εἰς τὰ ἄκρα abandon the city and go to the heights, Hdt. 6.100, cf. 8.50, X. An. 7.4.2; ἐξέλειπον οἴκους πρὸς ἄλλον εὐνάτορα E. Andr. 1040 (lyr.).

4. εἴ τις ἐξέλιπε τὸν ἀριθμόν (of the Persian immortals) if any one left the number incomplete, Hdt. 7.83.

5. fail one, ἐκλελοίπασιν ὑμᾶς αἱ προφάσεις Lys. 8.16, cf. Pl. Lg. 657d.

II

1. intr., of the Sun or Moon, suffer eclipse, Th. 2.28; in full, ὁ ἥλιος ἐκλιπὼν τὴν ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ ἕδρην Hdt. 7.37; ἐ. τὰς ὁδούς Ar. Nu. 584.

2. die, οἱ ἐκλιπόντες the deceased, Pl. Lg. 856e; τῶν ἄλλων ἐκλελοιπότων Isaiah 11:10, etc.; of trees, BGU 1120.33 (i B.C.); more freq. in full, ἐ. βίον S. El. 1131; ὑφ' ὧν ἥκιστα ἐχρῆν τὸν βίον ἐκλιπών (= ἀποθανών) Antipho 1.21; so ἐ. φάος E. Ion 1186, etc.

3. faint, Hp. Prorrh. 1.71.

4. generally, leave off, cease, τῇ μοι [ ὁ λόγος ] ἐξέλιπε Hdt. 7.239; ἐ. πυρετός Hp. Aph. 4.56, cf. Th. 3.87; ἐκλέλοιπεν εὐφρόνη, i.e. it is day, S. El. 19; ὥστε μὴ 'κλιπεῖν κλέος ib. 985, cf. 1149; [ αἱ ἐργασίαι ] ἐκλελοίπασιν Isoc. 8.20: c. part., leave off doing, Pl. Mx. 234b, cf. 249b: c. gen., θεραπείας Plu. Mar 17.

5. fail, be wanting, ῥώμη γὰρ ἐκλέλοιπεν ἣν πρὶν εἴχομεν E. HF 230, cf. Pl. R. 485d; τῶν ἐπιτηδείων ἐκλειπόντων D.S. 16.75; ἡ φωνὴ ἐξέλιπε Luc. Nigr. 35; περὶ ὧν ἐ. [ὁ νόμος ] Arist. Pol. 1286a37: Gramm., of words in a sentence, A.D. Synt. 11.17; of grammatical forms, ib. 168.21.

6. remain, be left, LXX 2 Kings 7:13.

7. depart, A. Pers. 128 (lyr.), Th. 219.

8. ἐκλείπων σφυγμός remittent pulse, Gal. 9.66.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐκλείπω; future ἐκλείψω; 2 aorist ἐξέλιπον;

1. transitive,

a. to leave out, omit, pass by.

b. to leave, quit (a place): τό ζῆν, τόν βίον, to die, 2 Macc. 10:13; 3Macc. 2:23; Sophocles Electr. 1131; Polybius 2, 41, 2, others; Dionysius Halicarnassus 1, 24; Luc. Macrobius, 12; Alciphron 3, 28.

2. intransitive, to fail; i. e. to leave off, cease, stop: τά ἔτη, Hebrews 1:12 from Psalm 101: (cii.) 28 (where for תָּמַם); πίστις, Luke 22:32; riches, according to the reading ἐκλίπῃ (L text T Tr WH), Luke 16:9 (often so in Greek writings, and the Sept. as Jeremiah 7:28; Jeremiah 28:30 ()). as often in classic Greek from Thucydides down, it is used of the failing or eclipse of the light of the sun and the moon: τοῦ ἡλίου ἐκλιπόντος (WH ἐκλειποντος), the sun having failed (or failing), Luke 23:45 Tdf.; on this (without doubt the true) reading (see especially WHs Appendix, at the passage, and) cf., besides Tdf.s note, Keim, iii. 440 (English translation, 6:173) (Sir. 17:31 (26)). to expire, die; so according to R G L marginal reading ἐκλίπητε in Luke 16:9 (Tobit 14:11; Wis. 5:13; the Sept. for גָּוַע , Genesis 25:8, etc.; Psalm 103:29 (); Lamentations 1:19; for מוּת, Jeremiah 49:17 (), 22. Plato, legg. 6, 759 e.; 9,856 e.; Xenophon, Cyril

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐκ -λείπω ,

[in LXX for H3615, H3772 ni., H8552, etc., 47 different words in all;]

1. trans., to leave out, pass over.

2. Intrans., to leave off, cease, fail: μαμωνᾶς , Luke 16:9; πίστις , Luke 22:32; ἔτη , Hebrews 1:12 (LXX); of the sun in an eclipse, Luke 23:45.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Notwithstanding Field (Notes, p. 79) and Moffatt, it seems more than doubtful that in Luke 23:45 any reference is intended to an eclipse. To find such a reference is to involve the Evangelist in a needless blunder, as an eclipse is impossible at full moon, and to run counter to his general usage of the verb = ";fail"; (16.9, 22.32, cp. Hebrews 1:12). For this meaning cf. P Hamb I. 27.14 (B.C. 250) ̣άν τι αὐτῶν ἐγλιμπάνηι, P Leid Bii. 7 (B.C. 164) εἰς τὸ μηθὲν ἡμᾶς τῶν δεόντων ἐγλιπεῖν, and even ib. Wix. 6 (ii/iii A.D.) τὴν ὥραν ἐν ᾗ μέλλι (l. μέλλει) ἡ σελήνη ἐκλίπειν (l. ἐκλείπειν), ";horam in qua luna deficiet (in ariete)."; P Par 27.14 (B.C. 160) ἡμεῖς δὲ ἐν τῷ μεταξὺ διαλυόμεναι τῷ λιμῷ κινδυνεύομεν τὸ ἱερὸν ἐγλείπειν shows . followed by the acc. of place. In P Tebt I. 105.44 (B.C. 103) and 106.23 (B.C. 101) it is used of ";renouncing"; a lease—ἐγλιπεῖν τὴν μίσθωσιν : for a similar use of the subst. cf. P Lond 1166.6 (A.D. 42) (= III. p. 104) μεχρὶ ἐκλείψεως τῶν λουομ ̣ε ̣ν ̣ω (ν). From the inscrr. may be cited Syll 226.110 (iii/B.C.) ἐγλείπειν τὴν πόλιν, and OGIS 90.18 (the Rosetta stone—B.C. 196) τά τε ἐγλελειμμένα πάντα ἐν τοῖς πρότερον χρόνοις ἀποκατέστησεν εἰς τὴν καθήκουσαν τάξιν. On the form ἐγλείπειν see Mayser Gr. p. 227.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκλείξαι εκλείξει εκλείπει εκλείπειν εκλειπέτω εκλειπέτωσαν εκλείπη εκλείπητε εκλείποι εκλείποιεν εκλείπον εκλείποντα εκλείποντας εκλείποντες εκλειποντος ἐκλείποντος εκλείπουσιν εκλείπω εκλειπών εκλείπων εκλείπωσι εκλείπωσιν εκλείψει εκλείψετε έκλειψιν έκλειψις εκλείψουσι εκλειψουσιν εκλείψουσιν ἐκλείψουσιν εκλείψω εκλελειμμένη εκλελειμμένος εκλελοίπασι εκλελοίπασιν εκλέλοιπε εκλέλοιπεν εκλελοιπότας εκλιπέτω εκλιπέτωσαν εκλιπη εκλίπη ἐκλίπῃ εκλίποι ἐκλιπόντος εκλίπωσί εκλίπωσιν εξέλειξαν εξέλιξε εξέλιπε εξέλιπεν εξελίπομεν εξέλιπον εξελίποσαν ekleipsousin ekleípsousin eklipe eklipē eklípei eklípēi eklipontos eklipóntos
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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