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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #169 - ἀκάθαρτος

Transliteration
akáthartos
Phonetics
ak-ath'-ar-tos  
Word Origin
from (1) (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of (2508) (meaning cleansed)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
3:427,381
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. not cleansed, unclean
    1. in a ceremonial sense: that which must be abstained from according to the levitical law
    2. in a moral sense: unclean in thought and life
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 444 ‑ אָלַח (aw‑lakh');  2891 ‑ טָהֵר (taw‑hare');  2931 ‑ טָמֵא (taw‑may');  8441 ‑ תּוֹעֵבָה (to‑ay‑baw', to‑ay‑baw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (30) NAS (31) HCS (32)
Matthew 2
Mark 11
Luke 6
Acts 5
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 2
Mark 11
Luke 6
Acts 5
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
Revelation 3
Matthew 2
Mark 11
Luke 6
Acts 5
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
Revelation 5
BYZ TIS TR
A-APN 5
A-ASM 1
A-ASN 3
A-DPN 2
A-DSN 5
A-GPN 4
A-GSN 4
A-NPN 3
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 5
A-APN 3
A-ASM 1
A-ASN 3
A-DPN 2
A-DSN 5
A-GPN 4
A-GSN 4
A-NPN 3
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 5
A-APN 2
A-ASM 1
A-ASN 3
A-DPN 2
A-DSN 5
A-GPN 4
A-GSN 4
A-NPN 3
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 5
NA WH
A-APN 3
A-ASM 1
A-ASN 3
A-DPN 2
A-DSN 5
A-GPN 4
A-GSN 5
A-NPN 3
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 4
A-VSN 1
A-APN 3
A-ASM 1
A-ASN 3
A-DPN 2
A-DSN 5
A-GPN 4
A-GSN 6
A-NPN 3
A-NSM 1
A-NSN 5


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀκᾰθαρ-τος, ον, (καθαίρω)

1. uncleansed, foul, ἀήρ Hp. Aër. 6; of the body, Arist. Pr. 883b27; ἕλκος Hp. Fract. 27; of a woman, quae menstrua non habet, Demad. Fr. 4, Luc. Lex. 19; of ceremonial impurity, LXX Leviticus 12:2, al., IG 3.74.3. unpurified, Pl. Lg. 866a, 868a.

2. morally unclean, impure, Pl. Phd. 81b, D. 19.199, etc.; ἀκάθαρτε thou beast! Bato 5; = μανιώδης, Achae. 30; ἀ. πνεῦμα LXX Zechariah 13:2, Matthew 12:43, cf. PMag.Par. 1.1238. Adv. ἀκαθάρτως, ἔχειν Pl. Ti. 92b.

3. ofthings, notpurgedaway, unpurged, S. OT 256, Pl. Lg. 854b. unpruned, Thphr. CP 1.15.1. ceremonially unclean, of food, LXX Leviticus 5:2, al., Acts 10:14. not sifted, containing impurities, PPetr. 2p.8 (iii B. C.). II Act., not fit for cleansing, [ φάρμακα] ἑλκέων ἀκαθαρτότερα Aret. CD 1.8.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀκάθαρτος, (καθαίρω) (from Sophocles down), in the Sept. equivalent to טָמֶא, not cleansed, unclean;

a. in a ceremonial sense, that which must be abstained from according to the levitical law, lest impurity be contracted: Acts 10:14; Acts 11:8 (of food); Acts 10:28; 1 Corinthians 7:14 (of men); 2 Corinthians 6:17 (from Isaiah 52:11, of things pertaining to idolatry); Revelation 18:2 (of birds),

b. in a moral sense, unclean in thought and life (frequent in Plato): Ephesians 5:5; τά ἀκάθαρτα τῆς πορνείας, Revelation 17:4 (according to the true reading); πνεύματα, demons, bad angels (in twenty-three passages of the Gospels, Acts, and Revelation): Matthew 10:1; Matthew 12:43; Mark 1:23, 26; Mark 3:11, etc.; Luke 4:33, 36; Luke 6:18, etc.; Acts 5:16; Acts 8:7; Revelation 16:13; Revelation 18:2 (πνεύματα πονηρά in Matthew 12:45; Luke 7:21; Luke 8:2; Luke 11:26; Acts 19:12f, 15f).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀκάίθαρτος , -ον

(< - neg., καθαίρω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H2931;]

unclean, impure;

(a) physically (LS, MM, VGT, s.v.);

(b) ceremonially: Acts 10:14; Acts 10:28; Acts 11:8, 1 Corinthians 7:14, 2 Corinthians 6:17, Revelation 18:2;

(c) morally: Ephesians 5:5, Revelation 17:4; c. πνϵῦμα , as always in Gosp., Matthew 10:1; Matthew 12:43, Mark 1:23; Mark 1:26-27 Mark 3:11; Mark 3:30 Mark 5:2; Mark 5:8; Mark 5:13 Mark 6:7 Mark 7:25 Mark 9:25, Luke 4:33; Luke 4:36 Luke 6:18 Luke 8:29 Luke 9:42 Luke 11:24, Acts 5:16 Acts 8:7, Revelation 16:13 (cf. Cremer, 320).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The adjective is found in a moral sense of an unclean demon in the long magical papyrus P Par 5741238 ( = Selections, p. 113). It occurs in the correspondence of the architect Cleon (B.C. 255–4), P Petr II. 4, (3)8 (p. [8]), εἰλήφαμεν δὲ τοῦ ἀκαθάρτου καὶ τὸ [. . ., where the ganger Apollonius seems to be writing about a supply of iron for quarrymen, but the mutilation prevents our determining the reference. Vettius Valens, p. 76.1, has πάθεσιν ἀκαθάρτοις καὶ παρὰ φύσιν ἡδοναῖς, where the ethical sense is completely developed : half way comes Syll 6333 (ii/A.D. according to Michel), where a Lycian named Xanthus dedicates a shrine to Mên Tyrannus and says καὶ [μηθένα ] ἀκάθαρτον προσάγειν · καθαριζέστω δέ ἀπὸ σ (κ)όρδων κα [ὶχοιρέων ] κα [ὶ γ ]υναικός —the impurity is ritual.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ακαθαρτα ακάθαρτά ἀκάθαρτα ἀκάθαρτά ακάθαρτοι ακαθαρτοις ακαθάρτοις ἀκαθάρτοις ακαθαρτον ακάθαρτον ακάθαρτόν ἀκάθαρτον ακαθαρτος ακάθαρτος ακάθαρτός ἀκάθαρτος ακαθαρτου ακαθάρτου ἀκαθάρτου ακαθαρτω ακαθάρτω ἀκαθάρτῳ ακαθαρτων ακαθάρτων ἀκαθάρτων akatharta akátharta akáthartá akatharto akathartō akathártoi akathártōi akathartois akathártois akatharton akathartōn akathárton akathártōn akátharton akathartos akáthartos akathartou akathártou
Lectionary Calendar
Friday, October 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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