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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1752 - ἕνεκα

hen'-ek-ah, hen'-ek-en, hi'-nek-en  
Word Origin
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. on account of, for the sake of, for
  2. for this cause, therefore
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (25) NAS (23) HCS (25)
Matthew 7
Mark 4
Luke 5
Acts 3
Romans 2
2 Corinthians 2
Matthew 7
Mark 4
Luke 5
Acts 3
Romans 2
2 Corinthians 2
Matthew 7
Mark 4
Luke 5
Acts 3
Romans 2
2 Corinthians 4

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Il. 1.110, etc., or ἕνεκεν (twice in Hom., Od. 17.288, 310, rare in Trag., as E. Med. 999 (lyr.), and early Prose, Th. 6.2, X. HG 2.1.14, Pl. Smp. 210e; in Com., Men. Epit. 330; twice in fourth-cent. Att. Inscrr., IG 2.987A2, 611b13, but prevalent in later Inscrr., cf. SIG 577.7 (Milet., iii/ii B.C.); in late Prose, Sch. Pi. O. 7.10), , Ion., and poet. εἵνεκα (also in Pl., Lg. 778d, al.), or εἵνεκεν (both forms in Hdt. and Hp. and not uncommon in codd. of later writers; εἵνεκεν B. 12.136, Pi. I. 8(7).35 codd.; εἵνεκε Aret. CA 1.2, f.l. in Hdt. 7.133): ἕνεκε SIG 333.14 (Samos, iv B.C.), Supp.Epigr. 1.351.10 (ibid.), CIG 3655.18 (Cyzicus, iii/ii B.C.): Aeol. ἔννεκα Alc. Supp. 9.1, IG 12(2).258.8 (Lesbos, i A.D.), but ἔνεκα ib. 11(4).1064b32 (Delos), 12(1).645a38 (Nesus): late ἕνεκον JHS 37.108 (Lydia), etc.: Pr with gen., usu. after its case; also before, Il. 1.94, B. 12.136, Hdt. 3.122, etc. When it follows its case, it is sometimes separated from it by several words, as in Hdt. 1.30, D. 20.88, etc.


1 on account of, Τρώων πόλιν.. ἧς εἵνεκ' ὀϊζύομεν κακὰ πολλά Il. 14.89, etc.; ὕβριος εἵνεκα τῆσδε 1.214; τοῦδ' ἕνεκα for this, ib. 110; ὧν ἕ. wherefore, 20.21; τίνος ἕ. βλάβης; A. Fr. 181; παῖσαι ἄνδρας ἕνεκεν ἀταξίας X. An. 5.8.13; στεφανοῦσθαι ἀρετῆς ἕνεκα Aeschin. 3.10; for the sake of, τοῦ ἕ.; Pl. Prt. 31c b; τῶν δὲ εἵνεκα, ὅκως.., or ἵνα.., Hdt. 8.35, 40; κολακεύειν ἕ. μισθοῦ X. HG 5.1.17; διὰ νόσον ἕ. ὑγιείας by reason of sickness for the sake of health, Pl. Ly. 218e, cf. Smp. 185b; τὸ οὗ ἕ. the final cause, Arist. Ph. 194a27, Metaph. 983a31; τὸ οὗ ἕνεκεν Id. Ph. 243a3, Metaph. 1059a35.

2. as far as regards, ἐμοῦ γ' ἕνεκα as far as depends on me, Ar. Ach. 386, D. 20.14; τοῦ φυλάσσοντος εἵνεκεν Hdt. 1.42; εἵνεκεν χρημάτων as for money, Id. 3.122, etc.; ἕνεκά γε φιλονικίας Pl. R. 548d, cf. 329b; ἐμπειρίας μὲν ἄρα ἕ. ib. 582d; ὁμοῖοι τοῖς τυφλοῖς ἂν ἦμεν ἕνεκά γε τῶν ἡμετέρων ὀφθαλμῶν X. Mem. 4.3.3.

3. in consequence of, εἵνεκα τέχνας by force of art, AP 9.729.

4. pleon., ἀμφὶσοὔνεκα S. Ph. 554c odd.; ὅσον ἀπὸ βοῆς ἕ. as far as shouting went, Th. 8.92, X. HG 2.4.31; τίνος χάριν ἕ.; Pl. Lg. 701d, cf. Plt. 302b.


1. Conj., for οὕνεκα (q.v.), because, h.Ven. 199, Call. Aet. 3.1.6, Fr. 287.

2. εἵνεκεν, = ὁθούνεκα, that, Pi. I. 8(7).35 codd.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

εἵνεκεν see ἕνεκα, ἕνεκεν.

STRONGS NT 1752: ἕνεκα ἕνεκα (only before consonants (Rec. three times (Griesbach twice) out of twenty-five)), and ἕνεκεν (R G 19 times, L (out of 26) 21 times, Tr 20, WH 18, T 17), or in a form at first Ionic εἵνεκεν (Luke 4:18 (Rec. ἕν.; T WH; Acts 28:20 T WH); 2 Corinthians 3:10 (R G L marginal reading ἕνεκεν); 2 Corinthians 7:12 (R G), both the last forms alike before consonants and vowels (cf. under the word Nu; Winers Grammar, § 5, 1 d. 1; Buttmann, 10 (9); Krüger (dialects), § 68, 19, 1; WHs Appendix, p. 173)), a preposition followed by the genitive, on account of, for the sake of, for: Matthew 5:10; Matthew 16:25; Matthew 19:29; Mark 8:35; Luke 6:22.; Acts 28:20; Romans 8:36; 2 Corinthians 3:10; ἕνεκεν τούτου, for this cause, therefore, Matthew 19:5; τούτων, Acts 26:21; τίνος ἕνεκεν, for what cause, wherefore, Acts 19:32; before τοῦ with an infinitive expressing purpose (Winers Grammar, 329 (309); Buttmann, 266 (228)), 2 Corinthians 7:12; οὗ εἵνεκεν, because, Luke 4:18; cf. Meyer at the passage

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(so Matthew 19:5, Luke 6:22, Acts 19:32; Acts 26:21; elsewhere, prop, only before a vowel, ἕνεκεν ; εἵνεκεν , originally Ionic: Luke 4:18; Luke 18:29, Acts 28:20, 2 Corinthians 3:10),

prep. c. gen.,

on account of, because of: Matthew 5:10-11; Matthew 16:25; Matthew 19:29, Mark 8:35, Luke 6:22, Acts 28:20, Romans 8:36, 2 Corinthians 3:10; . τούτου , Matthew 19:5; υούτων , Acts 26:21; τίνος ἕ ., Acts 19:32; seq. τοῦ , c. inf., 2 Corinthians 7:12; οὗ ἕν ., Luke 4:18

εἵνεκεν see ἕνεκα .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For ἕνεκα which is found only quater in the NT (Matthew 19:5, Luke 6:22, Acts 19:32; Acts 26:21), cf. P Lond 42.14 (B.C. 168) (= I. p. 30, Selections, p. 10) [νε ]κα τοῦ ἐκ τοῦ το [ιού ]του καιροῦ ἐμαυτή [ν ] τε καὶ τὸ παιδί [ον σ ]ου διακεκυβερνηκυῖα, P Oxy X. 1293.16 f. (A.D. 117–38) τοῦτο οὐχ ἕνεκα ἡμῶν ποιῶ ἀλλὰ ἕνεκα τῶν καμηλειτῶν, ib. III. 533.25 (ii/iii A.D.) ἕνεκα τῆς προσόδου, ";about the revenue."; The form ἕνεκεν, which prevails from iii/B.C. onwards, and is probably Ionic in origin (cf. Thumb Hellen. p. 57), may be illustrated from P Petr III. 36(a) verso .27 (iii/B.C.) τῆς Διοφάνου [ς οὖν ἀ ]κ ̣ρ ̣ι ̣βείας ἕνεκεν ἀπήχθην, P Flor II. 158.3 (iii/A.D.) ἕνεκεν [ἀνα ]γκαίας χρείας, ib. 163.5 (iii/A.D.) ἕνεκεν ὑμῶν φρόντισον, P Meyer 23.4 (end iv/A.D.) ἕνεκεν ἀργυρίου, and before a consonant in the late P Oxy VI. 902.12 (c. A.D. 465) εἰς τελείαν γὰρ ἀνατροπὴν. . . περιέστην ἕνεκεν τοῦ προειρημένου πολιτευομένου, ";I have been reduced to complete ruin through the aforesaid member of the council"; (Edd.), ib. 943.3 (vi/A.D.) ἀπελθεῖν εἰς δίαιταν ἕνεκεν τοῦ λου ̣τροῦ, ";to come to arbitration with respect to the bath."; In all these instances ἕνεκεν precedes the subst., as generally in the NT : cf. Blass-Debrunner Gr. § 216. I. On a corresponding usage in the Attic inscrr. see Meisterhans Gr. p. 217 where it is stated that in ii/B.C. the relation of ἕνεκα : ἕνεκεν = 4 : 22 : cf. also Thieme p. 8, and Rouffiac Recherches, p. 22. For the forms οὕνεκα,—εν, see P Petr II. 19 (1a).2 οὕνεκα τοῦ θεοῦ καὶ τοῦ καλῶς ἔχοντος, ";in the name of God and of fair play"; (Ed.), P Hib I. 170 (B.C. 247) τούτου γὰρ οὕνεκεν πρὸ πολλοῦ σοι γράφω, and for εἵνεκεν, as in Luke 4:18, Acts 28:20, cf. Preisigke 1568 (time of Euergetes II., B.C. 145–116) εὐνοίας εἵνεκεν τῆς πρὸς αὑτούς, P Giss I. 40ii. 21 (A.D. 212–5) κατάγειν θυσίας εἵνεκεν ταύρους καὶ ἄλλα τινὰ ε ̣̀ν ̣ψ ̣[υ ]χα : the form εἵνεκα occurs in an epigram regarding Homer’s birthplace, Ostr 1148.4 (ii/B.C.)—

Εἵνεκ᾽ ἐμῆς δόξης φ [ασὶ ] τεκεῖν με πόλεις.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εινεκεν είνεκεν εἵνεκεν Ενεκα ένεκα ένεκά Ἕνεκα ένεκε ενεκεν ένεκεν ένεκέν ἕνεκεν eineken Eneka eneken heineken heíneken Heneka Héneka heneken héneken
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