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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1793 - ἐντυγχάνω

Word Origin
from (1722) and (5177)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to light upon a person or a thing, fall in with, hit upon, a person or a thing
  2. to go to or meet a person, esp. for the purpose of conversation, consultation, or supplication
  3. to pray, entreat
  4. make intercession for any one
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7130 ‑ קֶרֶב (keh'‑reb);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (5) NAS (5) HCS (5)
Acts 1
Romans 3
Hebrews 1
Acts 1
Romans 3
Hebrews 1
Acts 1
Romans 3
Hebrews 1
V-2AAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 3
V-AAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 3
V-2AAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 3
V-2AAI-3P 1
V-2AAI-3S 1
V-PAI-3S 3

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. -τεύξομαι: aor. 2 ἐνέτῠχον: pf. ἐντετύχηκα Ph. 1.395, also ἐντέτευχα Klio 15.35 (Delph., i B. C.): aor. 1 Pass. ἐνετεύχθην Ph. 2.170, Plu. Cat.Ma. 9:


1. light upon, fall in with, meet with, c. dat. pers., Hdt. 1.134,al., Ar. Nu. 689, etc.; ὀλίγοι τινὲς ὧν ἐντετύχηκα (i.e. τούτων οἷς..) Pl. R. 531e, cf. Grg. 509a, Prt. 361e; κατ' ὄψιν ἐ. τινί Plu. Lyc. 1.

2. c. dat. rei, κακοῖς ἐ., = τυγχάνω ὢν ἐν κακοῖς, S. Aj. 433; οὑντυγχάνων (sc. τοῖς πράγμασιν) cj. Valck. in E. Fr. 287; ἐ. τῷ νώτῳ, of the crocodile, Hdt. 2.70; ὁ ἐ. τοῖς.. τοξεύμασι he who fell in their way, Th. 4.40; of obstacles, ἐ. τάφροις X. An. 2.3.10; λόφῳ ib. 4.2.10.

3. abs., E. Alc. 1032, Ar. Ach. 848, Thphr. Char. 24.8; οἱ ἐντυχόντες chance persons, Th. 4.132; οἱ ἐντυγχάνοντες Isoc. 18.36; τὴν ὠμότητα, ᾗ καθ' ἁπάντων χρῆται τῶν ἐντυγχανόντων D. 21.88, cf. 183: sg., ὁ ἐντυχών Isoc. 3.61, Pl. Alc. 2.144b. ἐν δὲ μηνὸς πρῶτον τύχεν ἆμαρ it chanced to be.., Pi. Pae. 2.75.

4. obtain an audience or interview, S. Fr. 88.8, Thphr. Char. 1.3: Pass., to be appealed to, consulted, περί τινων Ph. 2.170.

5. of thunder, strike, κεραυνὸς οἷς ἂν ἐντύχῃ X. Mem. 4.3.14; but hardly so in S. Ph. 1329, παῦλαν ἴσθι.. μήποτ' ἐντυχεῖν νόσου (ἂν τυχεῖν Pors.).

6. rarely c. gen., λελυμένης τῆς γεφύρης ἐντυχόντες having found the bridge broken up, Hdt. 4.140; τῶν παρ' ἡμῖν ἐντυχὼν Ἀσκληπιδῶν having falling in with them, S. Ph. 1333.


1. converse with, talk to, τινί Pl. Ap. 41b, Phd. 61c, etc.; οὐκ ἄχαρις ἐντυχεῖν Id. 360c; οὐκ ἀηδὴς ἐ. Men. Pk. 112.

2. have sexual intercourse with, τινί Plu. Sol. 20.

3. petition, appeal to, τινὶ περί τινος (masc.) Acts 25:24; τῷ βασιλεῖ περὶ τούτων Plb. 4.76.9; ὁ ἐντυγχάνων the petitioner, OGI 669.5; ἐ. κατά τινος plead against, PGiss. 1.36.15 (ii B.C.), LXX 1 Maccabees 8:32, Romans 11:2; τῷ βασιλεῖ τὴν ἀπόλυσιν LXX 3 Maccabees 6:37; τῷ διοικητῇ PTeb. 58.43 (ii B. C.): c. inf., entreat one to do, Nic.Dam. Fr. 47 J., Plu. Pomp. 55; ἐ. ὅπως.. Id. Ages. 25: Pass., ὑπὲρ φυγάδων ἐντευχθείς Id. Cat.Ma. 9.

III of books, meet with, βιβλίῳ ἀνδρὸς σοφοῦ Pl. Smp. 177b, cf. Ly. 214b; οἱ ἐντετυχηκότες ταῖς ἱερωτάταις βίβλοις Ph. 1.395; hence, read, Luc. Dem.Enc. 27, Plu. Romans 12:1-21, Jul. Or. 7.210d, etc.; οἱ ἐντυγχάνοντες readers, Plb. 1.3.10, Longin. 1.1; ἐντυχὼν ὑμῶν τῷ ψηφίσματι IG 12(3).176 (Epist. Hadriani), cf. 5(1).1361.7 (Epist. Commodi).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐντυγχάνω; 2 aorist ἐνέτυχον; generally with a dative either of person or of thing;

1. to light upon a person or a thing, fall in with, hit upon, a person or a thing; so often in Attic.

2. to go to or meet a person, especially for the purpose of conversation, consultation, or supplication (Polybius, Plutarch, Aelian, others): with the addition περί τίνος, the genitive of person, for the purpose of consulting about a person, Acts 25:24 (R. V. made suit); to make petition: ἐνέτυχον τῷ κυρίῳ καί ἐδεήθην αὐτοῦ, Wis. 8:21; ἐνέτυχον τῷ βασιλεῖ τήν ἀπόλυσιν ... αἰτούμενοι, 3Macc. 6:37; hence, to pray, entreat: ὑπέρ with the genitive of person to make intercession for anyone (the dative of the person approached in prayer being omitted, as evident from the context), Romans 8:21, 34; Hebrews 7:25, (followed by περί with the genitive of person, Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 56, 1 [ET]); τίνι κατά τίνος (to plead with one against anyone), to accuse one to anyone, Romans 11:2, cf. 1 Macc. 8:32 1 Macc. 10:61, 63f 1 Macc. 11:25. (Not found in the Sept.) (Compare: ὑπερεντυγχάνω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐν -τυγχάνω ,

[in LXX: Da TH Daniel 6:12-13 (H7130) Wisdom of Solomon 8:20; Wisdom of Solomon 16:28, 2 Maccabees 2:25; 2 Maccabees 4:36; 2 Maccabees 6:12; 2 Maccabees 15:39, 3 Maccabees 6:37; seq. κατά , 1 Maccabees 8:32; 1 Maccabees 10:61-64; 1 Maccabees 11:25*;]

1. to fall in with.

2. to meet with in order to converse.

3. to petition, make petition: c. dat. pers., seq. ὑπέρ c. gen. pers., Acts 25:24 (cf. Field, Notes, 140), Hebrews 7:25, Romans 8:27; Romans 8:34 (θεῷ , not expressed); seq. κατά , against: Romans 11:2 (cf. ἔντευξις , ὑπερ -εντυγχάνω ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the technical use of this verb = ";petition,"; ";appeal,"; (see s.v. ἔντευξις) it is enough to cite P Tebt I. 58.43 (B.C.111) ἐντευχαν (l. ἐνέτευχαν) οἱ ι ̄γ ̄ κωμογρ (αμματεῖς) . . τῶι διοικη (τῆι), ";the 13 komogrammateis appealed to the dioecetes,"; ib. 183 (late ii/B.C.) ὑπὲρ ὧν καὶ ἐνέτυχον [Ἀπολ ]λωνίωι, ib. II. 297.9 (c. A.D. 123) τ ̣ο ̣υ ̣̑το ἐπιγνοὺς ὁ συνηγορούμενος ἐνέτυχε Τε ̣[ι ]μοκράτει, ";on learning this my client appealed to T."; (Edd.), ib. 335.2 (mid. iii/A.D.) Φιηνοῦς. . . ἐντυγχάνει, ";petition of Phiënous,"; P Oxy XII. 1502.3 (c. A.D. 260–1) Θαῒς Σερήνου ἐντυγχάνει. For the more directly religious use (as in Romans 8:34, Hebrews 7:25), see BGU I. 246.12 (ii/iii A.D.) ἰδότες ὅτι νυκτὸς καὶ ἡμέρας ἐντυγχάνω τῷ θεῷ ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν. In the question to an oracle, P Fay 137.3 (i/A.D.) we have the simple, classical sense ἦ μέλω (l. μέλλω) ἐντυγχάνιν; ";shall I meet him ?"; Cf. Michel 308.18 (1st half ii/B.C.) τοῖς ἐντυγχάνουσιν αὐτῶι τῶν πολιτῶν ἴσον αὑτὸν παρεχόμενος διατετέλεκεν, ";has continued dealing fairly with any of the citizens who came across him."; For ἐντυγχάνω κατά, as in Romans 11:2, cf. P Giss I. 36.15 (B.C. 161) ἐνετύχομεν καθ᾽ ὑμῶν περὶ τῶν λ ̄ε ̣̄ [ἀρ ]ο ̣υ ̣(ρῶν), P Amh II. 134.10 (early ii/A.D.) ἐντυχεῖν κατὰ Π., and for . περί see PSI IV. 340.5 (B.C. 257–6) ἀποκέκριται γὰρ τοῖς ἐντ ̣[υ ]γχάνουσι περὶ Πτολεμαίου, ib. 410.14 (iii/B.C.) περὶὭρου ἐντυχεῖν Ἀμμωνίωι, and P Amh II. 142.10 (iv/A.D.) ἐνέτυχα τῷ σῷ ἀδε [λ ]φῷ Φιλαγρίῳ περὶ τούτ [ω ]ν. In P Oxy III. 533.25 (ii/iii A.D.) we have ἐνέτυχον τῷ διοικητῇ ἕνεκα τῆς προσόδου. In the Petition of Dionysia, P Oxy II. 237 (A.D. 186), the editors note that the verb is used both of presenting and of answering a petition : see their note on v. 21, and cf. Laqueur Quaestiones, p. 15 ff. where ἐντυγχάνειν = ";legere" is fully illustrated.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ενετυχεν ἐνέτυχέν ενέτυχόν ἐνέτυχόν εντυγχανει εντυγχάνει ἐντυγχάνει εντυγχανειν ἐντυγχάνειν enetuchon enetychon enétychón entunchanei entunchanein entynchanei entynchánei entynchanein entynchánein
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Tuesday, October 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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