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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1983 - ἐπισκοπέω

Word Origin
from (1909) and (4648)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to look upon, inspect, oversee, look after, care for
    1. of the care of the church which rested upon the elders
    2. to look carefully, beware
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1875 ‑ דָּרַשׁ (daw‑rash');  3045 ‑ יָדַע (yaw‑dah');  5329 ‑ נָצַח (naw‑tsakh');  6485 ‑ פָּקַד (paw‑kad');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. -σκέψομαι, later -σκοπήσω Babr. 103.8: aor. -εσκεψάμην, later -εσκόπησα Luc. Herm. 44, 59: pf. ἐπέσκεμμαι Hp. VM 14, Pl. Epin. 990a; also in pass. sense, Arist. Cael. 299a10, PA 692a18:

1. look upon or at, inspect, observe, ἱστορίας καὶ τἆλλα ἔγγραφα Milet. 3.155 (ii B.C.) (also in Med., ἐ. τὸ περίχωμα PLille 1v 27 (iii B.C.), etc.); regard, τἄμ' ἐ. κακά E. Heracl. 869; of tutelary gods, Θηβαΐας ἐπισκοποῦντ' ἀγυιάς, of Bacchus, S. Ant. 1136 (lyr.); Ἴλιον.. ἐπισκοπεῖ σεμνὸς Ποσειδῶν E. IT 1414, cf. Ph. 661 (lyr.); ὦ Δῆμ', ἐναργῶς ἡ θεός σ' ἐπισκοπεῖ Ar. Eq. 1173, cf. 1186; also of a ruler, ἐ. τὴν πολιτείαν Pl. R. 506b, cf. X. Oec. 4.6 (so in Med., θαμὰ ἐπεσκοπεῖτο ἡμᾶς observed, Pl. Ly. 207a): folld. by Relat., ἐ. καὶ ἀναμετρήσαντες ὅσῳ ἐλάσσων ὁ χῶρος γέγονε Hdt. 2.109; ἐ. πῶς ἔχει Pl. Grg. 451c; τόδε ἐπίσκεψαι εἴ τι λέγω Id. Phd. 87b, cf. X. Mem. 2.1.22; πότερον.. .. Pl. R. 518a; τίς εἴη.. X. Mem. 3.2.4, cf. Smp. 1.12; ἐ. μή.. take care lest, Hebrews 12:15.

2.. visit, ὦ θάνατε, νῦν μ' ἐπίσκεψαι μολών S. Aj. 854; visit as a friend (ironically), D. 9.12; esp. visit the sick, X. Cyr. 8.2.25, Mem. 3.11.10; of the physician, Hdn. 4.2.4: Med., D. 59.56, Gal. 11.2, 14.633: Pass., εὐνὴν ὀνείροις οὐκ ἐπισκοπουμένην visited not by dreams, i.e. sleepless, A. Ag. 13.

3.. of a general, inspect, review, τὰς τάξεις X. An. 2.3.2; τὰ ὅπλα Id. Cyr. 6.3.21, cf. A. Eu. 296.

4.. consider, reflect, meditate, ὅ τι ἂν μέλλῃς ἐρεῖν, πρότερον ἐπισκόπει τῇ γνώμῃ Isoc. 1.41; also ἐ. πρός τι Pl. Lg. 924d; περί τινος Id. Prt. 348d, al., Ceb. 35.5; ὑπέρ τινος Plb. 3.15.2; σαυτὸν ἐ. ὅστις εἴης X. Mem. 4.2.24; ἐ. τίς.., ποία τις.. Arist. Pol. 1274b32; πότερον.. ib. 1276b16: Med., examine with oneself, meditate, Pl. Phd. 91d; εἰς τὸ ἀληθὲς ἐ. τι Id. Phlb. 61e, cf. Alex. 219.8, Philem. 46: Pass., pf. (v.supr.).

5.. exercise the office of ἐπίσκοπος, 1 Peter 5:2.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπισκοπέω, ἐπισκόπω; to look upon, inspect, oversee, look after, care for: spoken of the care of the church which rested upon the presbyters, 1 Peter 5:2 (T WH omit) (with τήν ἐκκλησίαν added, Ignatius ad Rom. 9, 1 [ET]); followed by μή (which see II. 1 a.) equivalent to Latincaveo, to look carefully, beware: Hebrews 12:15. (Often by Greek writings from Aeschylus down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπι -σκοπέω , -

[in LXX for H6485 ni., etc.;]

1. to look upon, observe, examine: seq. μή , Hebrews 12:16.

2. As ἐπισκέπτομαι in LXX, NT, to visit, care for: 1 Peter 5:2 (R, txt.; WH cm.; Cremer, 527).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The NT (Hebrews 12:15) connotation of this word ";exercise oversight or care"; may be illustrated by its common use as an epistolary formula in the closing salutations of letters, e.g. P Revill Mel p. 295.12 (B.C. 131–0) (= Witkowski Epp..2. p. 96) ἐπισκοποῦ <δ [ ]> καὶ τὰς ἀδελφὰς. . καὶ Πέλοπα κτλ., P Lips I. 104.18 (c. B.C. 96–5) ἐπισκοπεῖτ [α ]ι ὑμᾶς Ἀλμέντ ̣ι ̣ς, Ψενοσῖρις κτλ., P Oxy IV. 743.43 (B.C. 2) ἐπισκοπ (οῦ) τοὺς σοὺς πάντε (ς), ib. II. 294.31 (A.D. 22) ἐπισκωποῦ Δημητροῦ [ν ] καὶ Δωρίωνα [τὸν πατ ]έρα, P Giss I. 12.7 ἐπισκοποῦμαι τὴν σὴν σύνβιον καὶ τοὺς φιλοῦντάς σε πάντας. For the verb = ";inspect"; see P Lille I. 1 verso.27 (B.C. 259–8) ὕστερον δὲ ἐπισκοπούμενος τὸ περίχωμα συνέκρινεν τὰ χώματα ποῆσαι, P Tebt I. 30.25 (B.C. 115) ἐπισκοποῦντες διὰ τοῦ ἀπολογισμοῦ τοῦ ἐδάφους, ";on examining the land-register"; (Edd.). From the inscrr. we may cite Syll 802.82 (iii/B.C.) ἀνῶιξε τὸγ γυλιὸ [ν ] κα [ὶ ἐ ]πεσκόπει τὰ συντετριμμένα σ [κε ]ύη.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επισκοπείν επισκοπείται επισκοπείτω επισκοπουντες επισκοπούντες ἐπισκοποῦντες επισκοπών episkopountes episkopoûntes
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