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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2018 - ἐπιφέρω

Word Origin
from (1909) and (5342)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to bring upon, bring forward
    1. used of accusers
  2. to lay upon, to inflict
  3. to bring upon, i.e. in addition, to add, increase
  4. to put upon, cast upon, impose
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1980 ‑ הָלַךְ (haw‑lak');  5130 ‑ נוּף (noof);  7335 ‑ רָזַם (raw‑zam');  7369 ‑ רָחֵק (raw‑khake');  7725 ‑ שׁוּב (shoob);  7971 ‑ שָׁלַח (shaw‑lakh');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (5) NAS (2) HCS (2)
Acts 2
Romans 1
Philippians 1
Jude 1
Romans 1
Jude 1
Romans 1
Jude 1
V-2AAN 1
V-IAI-3P 1
V-2AAN 1
V-2AAN 1
V-IAI-3P 1
V-2AAN 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. ἐποίσω: aor. 1 ἐπήνεγκα: aor.2 ἐπήνεγκον: Arc. aor. 1 subj. 3 sg. ἐποίση Schwyzer 654.21: Pass., fut. ἐποισθήσεται· ἐπενεχθήσεται, Hsch.:


1. bring, put or lay upon, σοὶ..βαρείας χεῖρας ἐποίσει will lay heavy hands upon thee, Il. 1.89; χεῖρας ἐποίσει Od. 16.438; ἐπ' ἀλλήλοισι φέρον πολύδακρυν Ἄρηα Il. 3.132, cf. 8.516; ἐπ' ἰχθύσι κῆρα φέρουσα 24.82; so ἐ. δόρυ A. Eu. 766, cf. E. Supp. 1192, Ar. Av. 344 (lyr.); and in Prose, ἐ. τινὶ πόλεμον make war upon him, Hdt. 5.81, cf. Th. 1.141; ὅπλα Id. 4.16, 7.18, D. 37.36; ἐ. τὸ διάφορόν τισι to bring discord upon them, Th. 7.55; ἐ. δίκην, τιμωρίαν τινί, Pl. Lg. 943d; ἀμοιβήν τινι Plb. 1.84.10: abs., εἰ γὰρ ὧδ' ἐποίσεις if you shall pursue your attack thus, Ar. Eq. 837. inflict, πληγήν, πληγάς τινι, J. AJ 2.14.2, PTeb. 331.10 (ii A.D.); vent, ὀργήν Romans 3:5.

2. place upon, esp. of placing offerings on the grave, ἐ. ἀπαρχάς Th. 3.58, cf. 2.34; τῷ νεκρῷ στέφανον Plu. Per. 36; ταφὴν εἴς τινα App. BC 1.73; τὰ ἐπιφερόμενα the offerings, Isoc. 9.1; lay on, apply, φάρμακον Pl. 354b; ἐ. τὰ στοιχεῖα ἐπὶ τὰ πράγματα Id. Cra. 424e.

3. bring as a charge against, ἐ. τινὶ αἰτίην Hdt. 1.68, cf. 26, Antipho 5.38, Pl. Phd. 98a; ἔγκλημα E. Or. 766 (troch.); μέμψιν Ar. Ra. 1253 (lyr.); ψόγον Th. 1.70; ἐ. μωρίην, μανίην τινί, impute it to him, Hdt. 1.131, 6.112; ἀδικίας-ομένης Th. 3.42; τὴν Κλεοπάτραν αὐτῷ cast Cl. in his teeth, D.C. 50.1; τι ἐπί τινα Arist. EN 1143a27.

4. bring, i.e. confer, impose, upon, in good or bad sense, ἐ. τιμὰν θνατοῖς Pi. O. 1.31; ἐλευθερίαν Th. 4.85; δουλείαν Id. 3.56.

5. add to, increase, ἐ. τὴν ὑπερβολήν ib. 82; ὀργὰς ἐπιφέρειν τινί minister to his passions, gratify him, Cratin. 230, Th. 8.83 (cf. Sch.); for ἐπὶ ἦρα φέρειν, v. ἦρα.

6. give a name to, ὄνομα ἐ. τινί Pl. Plt. 307b, R. 596a, al., Arist. Rh. 1408a7, al.; assign an attribute to a substantive, τῷ ἀνθρώπῳ χρώματα καὶ σχήματα καὶ κακίας καὶ ἀρετάς Pl. Sph. 251a.

7. ἐ. ψῆφον to give a vote, D.H. 2.14.

8. subjoin, add, A.D. Synt. 60. 26,al., Demetr. Eloc. 34,al., Alex.Aphr. in Sens. 5.9.

9. adduce, cite, Εὐριπίδεια D.H. Comp. 4; παροιμίαν Demetr. Eloc. 122 (prob.); produce proofs, documents, etc., ἀποδείξεις POxy. 257.19 (i A.D.); κυρία ἡ συγγραφή, ὅπου ἂν -φέρηται PEleph. 2.16 (iii B.C.).

10. in Logic, assert as a conclusion or inference, τὸ λῆγον, τὸ λοιπόν, Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.80; τὸ μὴ ἀκολουθοῦν Str. 2.1.21; ὅτι.. ib. 27; ὅσα ἐπιφέρουσιν ἄτοπα οἱ Ζήνωνος λόγοι Procl. in Prm. p.535S.: Pass., τὸ τοῖς ἐξ ὑποθέσεως ληφθεῖσιν ἐπιφερόμενον the conclusion which follows from the premises, Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.89, cf. Arr. Epict. 1.7.16.

II ἐπιφέρων, ὁ, a throw at dice, Eub. 57.6. II

1. Med., bring with or upon oneself, bring as a dowry, τι Lys. 19.14, D. 40.19; of soldiers, σιτία Plu. Sert. 13; ὕδωρ Str. 3.1.4.

2. consume (eat) in addition, οἱ μὲν πίνουσι μόνον, οἱ δὲ σιτίον -ονται Hp. Prorrh. 2.3: Pass., -ομένη τροφή Sor. 1.52.

3. wear or carry on one's person, Hld. 8.11.


1. Pass., rush upon or after, attack, assault, ὅς τις.. ἐπὶ νηυσὶ φέροιτο Il. 15.743; τισι Th. 3.23: abs., X. Cyr. 2.4.19, etc.; of a ship, bear down upon another, Hdt. 8.90; θάλαττα μεγάλη ἐπιφέρεται a great sea strikes the ship, X. An. 5.8.20; inveigh against, Hdt. 8.61: c. inf., to be eager to do, Plb. 29.24.5. of humours etc. in the body, τὸ -όμενον the accumulation of milk, Sor. 1.77; διαφορεῖν τὸ ἐπενεχθέν disperse the abscess, Gal. 1.137; cf. ἐπιφορά 1.5a.

2. to be borne onwards, of a raft, Hdt. 2.96; ἐ. ἐπί τι to be led to an opinion, Arist. Sens. 443a22 (s.v.l.).

3. impend, threaten, ἐ. κίνδυνος Plb. 2.23.7; mostly in part., προδεικνύειν τὰ ἐπιφερόμενα coming events, Hdt. 1.209, cf. 3.16; ἐ. κακά Antipho 2.1.7; ὑπεκστῆναι τὸν λόγον ἐπιφερόμενον Pl. Phlb. 43a; τὰ ἐ. the following (in speaking or writing), Plb. 3.6.8.

4. of phrases, to be applied, ἡ λέξις -φέρεται τοῖς πράγμασιν Plu. 2.41c; but οἱ διὰ μακροῦ -φερόμενοι λόγοι sustained outbursts, Demetr. Eloc. 196.

5. Gramm., follow, of letters in a word, D.T. 633.2, Heph. 1.4, al., etc.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπιφέρω; (imperfect ἐπέφερον); 2 aorist infinitive ἐπενεγκεῖν; (present passive ἐπιφέρομαι);

1. to bring upon, bring forward: αἰτίαν, of accusers (as in Herodotus 1, 26, and in Attic writings from Thucydides down; Polybius 5, 41, 3; 40, 5, 2; Josephus, Antiquities 2, 6, 7; 4, 8, 23; Herodian, 3, 8, 13 (6 edition, Bekker)), Acts 25:18 (where L T Tr WH ἔφερον); κρίσιν, Jude 1:9.

2. to lay upon, to inflict: τήν ὀργήν, Romans 3:5 (πληγήν, Josephus, Antiquities 2, 14, 2).

3. to bring upon i. e. in addition, to add, increase: θλῖψιν τοῖς δεσμοῖς, Philippians 1:16-17Rec., but on this passage see ἐγείρω, 4 c.; (πῦρ ἐπιφέρειν πυρί, Philo, leg. ad Gaium § 18; (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 52, 4, 7)).

4. to put upon, cast upon, impose (φάρμακον, Plato, epistle 8, p. 354 b.): τί ἐπί τινα, in passive, Acts 19:12, where L T Tr WH ἀποφέρεσθαι, which see

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπι -φέρω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7971;]

1. to bring upon or against: κρίσιν , Judges 1:9.

2. to impose, inflict: Romans 3:5.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐπιφέρω is common = ";produce,"; ";bring forward."; Thus P Eleph 2.16 (B.C. 285–4) ἡ δὲ συγγραφὴ ἥδε κυρία ἔστω πάντηι πάντως, ὅπου ἄν ἐπιφέρηται ὡς ἐκεῖ τοῦ συναλλάγματος γεγενημένου, similarly P Grenf I. 10.19 (B.C. 174), P Oxy II. 257.19 (A.D. 94–5) καθ᾽ [ἃς ] ἐπήνεγκεν ἀποδείξεις, ";in accordance with the proofs he produced,"; P Tebt II. 297.15 (c. A.D. 123) τὴν ἐπ [ε ]νεχθεῖσαν ὑπὸ τοῦ Μαρσισο [ύχου κύ ]ρωσιν, ";the certificate of appointment produced by Marsisuchus"; (Edd.), P Ryl II. 163.14 (A.D. 139) ἐποίσω τὸ τῆς ἐνκτήσεως ἐπίσταλμα, ";I will submit the authorization of the land registry office"; (Edd.), and for a new future see P Fay 64.7 (ii/A.D.) ἐπενεγκοῦμέ (l.μέν) σοι τὸ δημόσιον σύμβολον, ";we will hand over to you the treasury receipt"; (Edd.), P Hamb I. 44.7 (A.D. 215) ἐπενεγκῶ σοι τὸ δημ ̣όσιον σύμβολον. The verb is used of ";recording"; votes in Michel 487.19 (ii/B.C.) ψῆφοι ἐπηνέχθησαν δισχίλιαι ἑκατὸν δεκατρεῖς. For the meaning ";bring forward"; an accusation (cf. the simplex in Acts 25:18), see P Oxy III. 472.9 (c. A.D. 130) διὰ τί δ ̣̕ ἐπήνενκεν τὸ ἔνκλημα ταύτῃ δῆλον, ";why he brought the accusation is now clear"; (Edd.), and for the meaning ";inflict,"; as in Romans 3:5, see P Tebt II. 331.10 (c. A.D. 131) ]πήνεγκά [ν μο ]ι ̣ πληγ ̣ὰς εἰς πᾶν μέλ [ο ]ς το [ῦ σ ]ώματος : cf. the subst. in P Oxy II. 283.15 (A.D. 45) πληγῶν ἐπιφορᾶς. The adj. = ";appropriate,"; ";relative,"; is found in ib. 266.14 (A.D. 96) ]ς τὴν ἐπίφορον (sc. ὁμολογίαν) αὐτόθεν ἀναδεδωκέναι αὐτῷ [κεχιασμένην ε ]ἰς ἀκύρωσιν, ";this bond she has thereupon returned to him cancelled"; (Edd.), and similarly ib. X. 1282.33 (A.D. 83).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επενεγκειν επενεγκείν ἐπενεγκεῖν επενέγκητε επεφέρετο επέφερον επεφύλλισας επήνεγκαν επήνεγκε επιφέρειν επιφέρεσθαι επιφέρω επιφερων επιφέρων ἐπιφέρων επιφημίσηται επιφυλλίδα επιφυλλιεί επιφυλλίς επιφύλλισον εποίσει εποίσω epenenkein epenenkeîn epipheron epipherōn epiphéron epiphérōn
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