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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #203 - ἀκροβυστία

Transliteration
akrobystía
Phonetics
ak-rob-oos-tee'-ah  
Word Origin
from (206) and probably a modified form of posthe (the penis or male sexual organ)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
1:225,36
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. having the foreskin, uncircumcised
  2. a Gentile
  3. a condition in which the corrupt desires rooted in the flesh were not yet extinct
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6190 ‑ עָרְלָה (or‑law');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (20) NAS (20) HCS (20)
Acts 1
Romans 8
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 3
Ephesians 1
Colossians 2
Acts 1
Romans 8
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 3
Ephesians 1
Colossians 2
Acts 1
Romans 11
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 3
Ephesians 1
Colossians 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 3
N-DSF 6
N-GSF 2
N-NSF 9
N-ASF 3
N-DSF 6
N-GSF 2
N-NSF 9
N-ASF 3
N-DSF 6
N-GSF 2
N-NSF 9
NA WH
N-ASF 3
N-DSF 6
N-GSF 2
N-NSF 9
N-ASF 3
N-DSF 7
N-GSF 2
N-NSF 9


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀκρο-βυστία, ἡ,

I foreskin, LXX Genesis 17:11, al., Ph. Fr. 49 H., Acts 11:3.

II

1. state of having the foreskin, uncircumcision, Romans 2:25, etc.

2. collect., the uncircumcised, Romans 2:26; Romans 3:30, etc. (Prob. from ἄκρος and a Semitic root, cf. Bab. buśtu 'pudenda', Heb. bôsheth 'shame': wrongly derived from ἄκρος, βύω by EM 53.48.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀκροβυστία, (ας, (a word unknown to the Greeks, who used ἀκροποσθία and τό ἀκροπόσθιον, from πόσθη i. e.membrum virile. Accordingly it is likely that τήν ποσθην of the Greeks was pronounced τήν βύστην by the Alexandrians, and ἀκροβυστία said instead of ἀκροπόσθια — i. e. τό ἄκρον τῆς πόσθης; cf. the acute remarks of Fritzsche, Commentary on Romans, vol. i., 136, together with the opinion which Winer prefers 99 (94) (and Cremer, 3te Anti. under the word)), in the Sept. the equivalent of עָרְלָה the prepuce, the skin covering the glans penis;

a. properly: Acts 11:3; Romans 2:25, 26{b}; 1 Corinthians 7:19; Galatians 5:6; Galatians 6:15; Colossians 3:11; (Judith 14:10; 1 Macc. 1:15); ἐν ἀκροβυστία ὤν having the foreskin (Tertullian praeputiatus), uncircumcised i. e. Gentile, Romans 4:10; ἐν ἀκροβυστία, namely, ὤν, 1 Corinthians 7:18; equivalent, to the same is δἰ ἀκροβυστίας, Romans 4:11; ἐν τῇ ἀκροβυστία πίστις the faith which one has while he is uncircumcised, Romans 4:11f,

b. by metonyny, of the abstract for the concrete, having the foreskin is equiv. to a Gentile: Romans 2:26{a}; ; Ephesians 2:11; ἐκ φύσεως ἀκροβυστία, one uncircumcised by birth or a Gentile, opposed to a Jew who shows himself a Gentile in character, Romans 2:27; εὐαγγέλιον τῆς ἀκροβυστίας gospel to be preached to the Gentiles, Galatians 2:7.

c. in a transferred sense: ἀκροβυστία τῆς σαρκός (opposed to the περιτομή ἀχειροποίητος or regeneration, Colossians 2:11), "the condition in which the corrupt desires rooted in the σάρξ were not yet extinct," Colossians 2:13 (the expression is derived from the circumstance that the foreskin was the sign of impurity and alienation from God (cf. B. D. under the word )).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀκροβυστία , -ας , ή

(perh. an Alexandrian form of cl. ἀκροποσθία ; cf. MM, VGT, s.v.),

[in LXX for H6190;]

the prepuce, foreskin (LXX), hence abstr., uncircumcision: Acts 11:3, Romans 2:25-27; Romans 3:30; Romans 4:10-12, 1 Corinthians 7:18-19, Galatians 5:6; Galatians 6:15, Colossians 2:13; Colossians 3:11 By meton., the uncircumcised: Romans 4:9, Galatians 2:7, Ephesians 2:11.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

We have (naturally enough) no citations to illustrate this technical word of Jewish ritual, but a note on its formation might be given (from J. H. Moulton’s forthcoming Grammar of NT Greek, vol. II.) : "; Ἀκροποσθία, a normal descriptive cpd. from ἄκρος and πόσθη with a fresh suffix, is found in Hippocrates, and is obviously the original of the LXX word. When a word containing a vox obscaena was taken from medical vocabulary into popular religious speech, it was natural to disguise it : a rare word βύστρα = βύσμα may supply the model. ";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ακροβυστια ακροβυστία ἀκροβυστία ἀκροβυστίᾳ ακροβυστίαις ακροβυστιαν ακροβυστίαν ἀκροβυστίαν ακροβυστιας ακροβυστίας ἀκροβυστίας ακροβυστιών ακρόβυστοι akrobustia akrobustian akrobustias akrobystia akrobystía akrobystíāi akrobystian akrobystían akrobystias akrobystías
Lectionary Calendar
Friday, October 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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