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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2190 - ἐχθρός

Transliteration
echthrós
Phonetics
ekh-thros'  
Word Origin
from a primary echtho (to hate)
Parts of Speech
TDNT
hateful (passively, odious, or
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. hated, odious, hateful
  2. hostile, hating, and opposing another
    1. used of men as at enmity with God by their sin
      1. opposing (God) in the mind
      2. a man that is hostile
      3. a certain enemy
      4. the hostile one
      5. the devil who is the most bitter enemy of the divine government
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 340 ‑ אָיַב (aw‑yab');  342 ‑ אֵיבָה (ay‑baw');  398 ‑ אָכַל (aw‑kal');  1471 ‑ גֹּי (go'ee, go'‑ee);  2213 ‑ זֵר (zare);  4193 ‑ מוֹת (mohth);  6146 ‑ עָר (awr);  6148 ‑ עָרַב (aw‑rab');  6789 ‑ צָמַת (tsaw‑math');  6862 ‑ צָר (tsar, tsawr);  6887 ‑ צָרַר (tsaw‑rar');  6965 ‑ קוּם (koom);  7451 ‑ רַע (rah, raw‑aw');  7789 ‑ שׁוּר (shoor);  8130 ‑ שָׂנֵא (saw‑nay');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (32) NAS (22) HCS (32)
Matthew 7
Mark 1
Luke 8
Acts 2
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 2
James 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 7
Mark 1
Luke 8
Acts 2
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 2
James 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 7
Mark 1
Luke 8
Acts 2
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
Philippians 1
Colossians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 2
James 1
Revelation 2
BYZ TIS TR
A-APM 13
A-ASM 2
A-GPM 2
A-GSM 1
A-NPM 6
A-NSM 7
A-VSM 1
A-APM 13
A-ASM 2
A-GPM 2
A-GSM 1
A-NPM 6
A-NSM 7
A-VSM 1
A-APM 13
A-ASM 2
A-GPM 2
A-GSM 1
A-NPM 6
A-NSM 7
A-VSM 1
NA WH
A-APM 13
A-ASM 2
A-GPM 2
A-NPM 6
A-NSM 7
A-VSM 1
A-APM 16
A-ASM 2
A-GPM 2
A-GSM 2
A-NPM 7
A-NSM 7
A-VSM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐχθρός, ά, όν,

(ἔχθος)

I hated, hateful, of persons and things, freq. from Hom. downwds. (Hom. has it only in this pass. sense); ἐ. γάρ μοι κεῖνος ὁμῶς Ἀΐδαο πύλῃσι Od. 14.156, Il. 9.312; ἐχθρὸν δέ μοί ἐστιν c. inf., 'tis hateful to me to.., Od. 12.452; θεοῖσιν ἐ. Hes. Th. 766, Thgn. 601, Ar. Eq. 34; ὁ θεοῖσιν ἐ. Pl.Com. 74, etc.; cf. θεοισεχθρός.

II Act., hating, hostile, first in Hes. and Pi. (v. infr. 111), τινι D. 10.11, X. Ages. 6.1, etc.: c. gen., ὕβριος ἐχθρὰν ὁδόν averse from insolence, Pi. O. 7.90: abs., ἐ. γλῶσσα A. Ch. 309 (anap.); ὀργαί Id. Eu. 937 (anap.), etc.; ἀστέρες Vett.Val. 143.5.

III as Subst., ἐχθρός, ὁ, enemy, where the act. and pass. senses freq. coincide, Hes. Op. 342, Pi. P. 2.84, etc.; ἀνὴρ ἐ. Hdt. 1.92; ὁ Διὸς ἐ. A. Pr. 120 (anap.); ἐχθροῖς ἐχθρὰ πορσύνων Id. Ag. 1374; εἴ.. τινα ἴδοι ἐχθρὸν ἑαυτοῦ Th. 4.47; οἱ ἐμοὶ ἐ. Id. 6.89, etc. Acc. to Ammon. Diff. p.63 V., ἐχθρός is one who has been φίλος, but is alienated; πολέμιος one who is at war; δυσμενής one who has long been alienated and refuses to be reconciled. regul. Comp. ἐχθρότερος D. Prooem. 40.3, AP 5.160 (Hedyl. or Ascl); Sup. - ότατος Pi. N. 1.65, S. OT 1346 (lyr.), D. 19.300: but more freq. irreg. ἐχθίων, ἔχθιστος (qq.v.). Adv. ἐχθρῶς, μισοῦντες Pl. Lg. 697d, etc.: Comp. - οτέρως D. 5.18: Sup. - ότατα Id. 23.149.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐχθρός, ἔχθρα, ἐχθρόν (ἔχθος hatred); the Sept. numberless times for אויֵב, also for צַר, several times for שׂונֵא and מְשַׂנֵּא, a hater;

1. passively, hated, odious, hateful (in Homer only in this sense): Romans 11:28 (opposed to ἀγαπητός).

2. actively, hostile, hating and opposing another: 1 Corinthians 15:25; 2 Thessalonians 3:15; with the genitive of the person hated or opposed, James 4:4 Lachmann; Galatians 4:16, cf. Meyer or Wieseler on the latter passage used of men as at enmity with God by their sin: Romans 5:10 (cf. Romans 8:7; Colossians 1:21; James 4:4) (but many take ἐχθρός here (as in , see 1 above) passively; cf. Meyer); τῇ διάνοια, opposing (God) in the mind, Colossians 1:21; ἐχθρός ἄνθρωπος, a man that is hostile, a certain enemy, Matthew 13:28; ἐχθρός, the hostile one (well known to you), i. e. κατ' ἐξοχήν the devil, the most bitter enemy of the divine government: Luke 10:19, cf. Matthew 13:39 (and ecclesiastical writings). ἐχθρός (and ἐχθρός) substantively, enemy (so the word, whether adjective or a substantive, is translated in A. V., except twice (R. V. once) foe: ἔσχατος ἐχθρός, 1 Corinthians 15:26): with the genitive of the person to whom one is hostile, Matthew 5:43; Matthew 10:36; Matthew 13:25; Luke 1:(),; ; Romans 12:20; Revelation 11:5, 12; in the words of Psalm 109:1 (), quoted in Matthew 22:44; Mark 12:36; Luke 20:43; Acts 2:35; 1 Corinthians 15:25 (L brackets; others omit the genitive (see above)); Hebrews 1:13; Hebrews 10:13. with the genitive of the thing: Acts 13:10; τοῦ σταυροῦ τοῦ Χριστοῦ, who given up to their evil passions evade the obligations imposed upon them by the death of Christ, Philippians 3:18.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐχθρός , - , -όν

(< ἔχθος , hatred), [in LXX chiefly for H342, also for H6146, etc.;]

1. hated, hateful (Hom.): opp. to ἀγαπητός , Romans 11:28.

2. Actively, hating, hostile: Romans 5:10, 1 Corinthians 15:25, 2 Thessalonians 3:15; c. gen. pers. (cl.), James 4:4; τ . διανοίᾳ , Colossians 1:21; . ἄνθρωπος , Matthew 13:28; as subst., ὁ ἐ ., an enemy, 1 Corinthians 15:26; the devil, Matthew 13:39, Luke 10:19; c. gen. pers., Matthew 22:44 Mark 12:36, Luke 20:43, Acts 2:35, 1 Corinthians 15:25, Hebrews 1:13; Hebrews 10:13 (LXX); Matthew 5:43-44; Matthew 10:36; Matthew 13:25, Luke 1:71; Luke 1:74; Luke 6:27; Luke 6:35; Luke 19:27; Luke 19:43, Romans 12:20, Galatians 4:16, Revelation 11:5; Revelation 11:12; c. gen. rei, Acts 13:10, Philippians 3:18.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The Commagene rescript of Antiochus I. ends—παρανόμωι δὲ γνώμηι κατὰ δαιμόνων τιμῆς καὶ χωρὶς ἡμετέρας ἀρᾶς παρὰ θεῶν ἐχθρὰ πάντα (OGIS 383.237—mid. i/B.C.). On the forms ἐκθρός, which occurs several times in Cod. Bezae, and ἐκχθρός, see Crönert Mem. Herc. p. 89. MGr ἐχτρός, ὀχτρός.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εχθρά έχθραν εχθρε εχθρέ ἐχθρὲ εχθροι εχθροί ἐχθροί ἐχθροὶ εχθροίς εχθρον εχθρόν ἐχθρόν ἐχθρὸν εχθρος εχθρός ἐχθρός ἐχθρὸς εχθρου εχθρού ἐχθροῦ εχθρους εχθρούς ἐχθρούς ἐχθροὺς εχθρώ εχθρων εχθρών ἐχθρῶν echthre echthrè echthroi echthroí echthroì echthron echthrón echthròn echthrôn echthrōn echthrō̂n echthros echthrós echthròs echthrou echthroû echthrous echthroús echthroùs
Lectionary Calendar
Friday, October 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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