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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2209 - ζημία

Transliteration
zēmía
Phonetics
dzay-mee'-ah  
Word Origin
probably akin to the base of (1150) (through the idea of violence)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
2:888,299
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. damage, loss
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6064 ‑ עָנַשׁ (aw‑nash');  6066 ‑ עֹנֶשׁ (o'‑nesh);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (4) NAS (4) HCS (4)
Acts 2
Philippians 2
Acts 2
Philippians 2
Acts 2
Philippians 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 3
N-GSF 1
N-ASF 3
N-GSF 1
N-ASF 3
N-GSF 1
NA WH
N-ASF 3
N-GSF 1
N-ASF 3
N-GSF 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ζημία,

Dor. ζᾱμία (SIG 239 D iii5 (Delph., iv B.C.), etc., later σαμία Delph. 3(1).342 (ii B.C.), cf. ταμία, ἀττάμιος), ,

I

1. loss, damage, Epich. 148; opp. κέρδος, Lys. 7.12, Pl. Lg. 835b, Arist. EN 1132b12; ζημίαν or -ίας λαβεῖν to sustain loss, S. Fr. 807, D. 11.11; ζ. ποιεῖν Ar. Pl. 1124; ζ. ἐργάζεσθαι Isa 6.20 (unless in signf. 1.2); ζ. φέρειντῇ πόλει Pl. Lg. l.c.; ζ. εἶναι νομίζειν consider as loss, Isoc. 3.50, Isaiah 7:23; ζ. πλείονα ὑπομένειν τῆς τιμῆς PFlor. 142.8 (iii A.D.).

2. ζ. ἐργάζεσθαι, of a slave, be guilty of a delict, Isa 6.20 (v. supr.), Hyp. Ath. 22.

II

1. penalty in money, fine, ζημίην ἀποτίνειν Hdt. 2.65, cf. PHal. 1.195 (iii B.C.); ἐκτίνειν Pl. Lg. 774e; ἱρὴν ζ. ὀφείλειν Hdt. 3.52; ζ. καταβάλλειν D. 24.83, cf. SIG l.c.; μετὰ.. χρημάτων ζημίας Pl. Lg. 862d; ζ. ἐπέκειτο στατήρ Th. 3.70; ζημίαν ὀφείλειν τάλαντον Plu. Lys. 27; τῆς ζ. ἀφεθῆναι Id. Arist. 4.

2. generally, penalty, ζ. ἐπιτιθέναι τινί Hdt. 1.144; ζ. ἔπεστί τινι Id. 2.136; πρόσκειταί τινι X. Vect. 4.21; γλώσσῃ ζ. προστρίβεται A. Pr. 331, cf. 384; with the penalty added, θάνατον ζ. ἐπιθέσθαι, προθεῖναι, τάξαι, to make death the penalty, Th. 2.24, 3.44, D. 20.135; θάνατος ἡ ζ. ἐπίκειται Hdt. 2.38, cf. 65; but ἐφ' οἷς.. θάνατος ἡ ζ. Pl. Prt. 325b: in pl., θανάτου ζημίαι πρόκεινται Th. 3.45 (v.l.): c. gen. criminis, ζ. ἀδικίας penalty for.., Pl. Tht. 176d, cf. Lg. 860e (pl.). simply, expense, SIG 717.81 (ii/i B.C.), PLond. 5.1660.10, 1674.23 (pl., vi A.D.).

III of what is bought too dearly, a bad bargain, a dead loss, X. Mem. 2.3.2: usu. with Adj., φανερὰ ζᾱμία Ar. Ach. 737; καθαρὰ ζ., λαμπρὰ ζ., Alciphr. 3.21, 38, cf. Alex. 56.6.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ζημία, ζημίας, , damage, loss (Sophocles, Herodotus down): Acts 27:10, 21; ἡγεῖσθαι ζημίαν (Xenophon, mem. 2, 4, 3; τινα, accusative of person, 2, 3, 2), τί, to regard a thing as a loss: Philippians 3:7 (opposed to κέρδος), 8.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ζημία , -ας , ,

[in LXX for H6064; H6066 ni. and cognate forms;]

damage, loss: Acts 27:10; Acts 27:21 Philippians 3:8; opp. to κέρδος , Philippians 3:7.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For ζημία = ";loss"; as in all its NT occurrences (Acts 27:10; Acts 27:21, Philippians 3:7-8), cf. BGU I. 2.14 (A.D. 209) as ὡς ἐκ τούτου οὐκ ὀλίγη μοι ζημία ἐπηκολούθησεν, ib. 146.10 (ii/iii A.D.) καὶ οὐχ [ ]λ [ ]γην ζη [μ ]είαν μοι ἐζημιωσάμην, where note the not very common cognate acc. In Chrest. I. 176.18 (mid. i/A.D.) the lessee of a vineyard petitions that as he has spent so much on repairs he is entitled to abatement in rent—ἀξιῶ οὐκέτι εὐ [τον ]ῶν ὑπομέν [ειν ] τὰς ζημίας ἐπαναγκάσαι τοὺς πρ [ο ]εστῶτας ἀπαρενόχλητόν με ποιῆσαι ὑπὲρ τ [ ]ν φόρων, and in P Flor II. 142.8 (iii/A.D.) where 2 asses are to be sold at such a price—ὥστε μήτε τὸν πιπράσκοντα ζημιοῦσθαι μήτε ἡμᾶς ζημίαν πλείονα ὑπομένειν τῆς τιμῆς. Cf. Syll 418.86 (A.D. 238) μεγίστην ζημίαν (";soloece pro dativo,"; Dittenberger) τὸ ταμεῖον περιβληθήσεται, OGIS 484.29 (ii/A.D.) συνέβαινεν δὲ πᾶσιν αἰσθητὴν γείνεσθαι τοῖς ὠνουμένοις τὴν ἄδικον τῶν πιπρασκόντων ζημίαν. The word is united with αἰτία in BGU IV. 1118.22 (B.C. 22) αἰτίαις καὶ ζημίαις, and ib. 1185i. 9 (c. B.C. 30) : cf. P Tebt II. 420 .4 (iii/A.D.) οἴδατε ὅτι ἀπὸ ζημίας ἠμί, ";you know that I am blameless"; (Edd.). For the meaning ";penalty,"; ";fine,"; cf. P Hal I. 1.195 (iii/B.C.) διπλασί [αν ] τὴν ζημίαν ἀποτεισάτω τῆς γεγραμμένης, P Tebt I. 105.37 (B.C. 103) ἀνυπεύθυνοι ἔστωσαν παντὸς ἐπι [τί ]μου καὶ πάσης ζημίας, ";shall be liable to no fine or penalty of any kind"; (Edd.) : cf. from the inscrr. OGIS 218.106 (iii/B.C.) ἔνοχον εἶναι τῆι α [ὐτ ]ῆι ζημίαι, 483.6 (ii/B.C.) οἱ μὲν ] στρατηγοὶ ζημιώσαντες αὐτοὺς [τῆι ] ἐκ τοῦ νόμου ζημίαι παραδότωσαν τῶι πράκτορι πράσσειν, .19 καὶ ἐκτὸς ἀποτεινέτωσαν ζημία (ν) δραχμὰς ἑκατόν. An interesting use of the word is found in the Gnostic fragment P Oxy I. 4.6 (early iv/A.D.) οὐδὲν ἄλλο ἦν ὁ θάνατος τῷ θ (ε)ῷ ἢ ζημία ὅπερ ἀδύνατον, which Harnack (Chron. ii. p. 181) renders, ";so wäre der Tod nichts anderes für Gott als Strafe, was unmöglich ist,"; adding in a note that the meaning may be, ";Wäre Gott der, welcher den Tod verhängt, so wäre er ein strafender Gott, was unmöglich ist.";

The subst. ζημίωμα is found in P Flor II. 150.7 (A.D. 267) οὐχ ὀλίγον ζημίωμα εἰς τοῦτο γειν [ ]μενον ἡμῖν, BGU II. 419.13 (A.D. 276–7) τὰ περιγινόμενα λήμματα καὶ ζημίωμα [π ]ρὸς σὲ ἤτω.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ζημιαν ζημίαν ζημιας ζημίας zemian zemían zēmian zēmían zemias zemías zēmias zēmías
Lectionary Calendar
Friday, October 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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