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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2226 - ζῶον
- a living being
- an animal, brute, beast
I living being, animal, Hdt. 5.10 (of bees), Ar. V. 551, Pl. 443, etc.; πᾶν ὅ τι περ ἂν μετάσχῃ τοῦ ζῆν ζῷον ἂν λέγοιτο Pl. Ti. 77b; ζῷα, opp. φυτά, Id. Phd. 70d, 110e, etc.; ζ. θαλάττιον, χερσαῖον, Phld. Rh. 1.98S.; contemptuously, ὅπως ἡ χώρα τοῦ τοιούτου ζῴου καθαρὰ γίγνηται may be free from this kind of animal (i.e. beggars), Pl. Lg. 936c; ζ. πονηρόν, of women, Secund. Sent. 8.
II in art, figure, image, not necessarily of animals (cf. ζῴδιον), ζῷον δέ οἱ ἐνῆν, ἀνὴρ ἱππεύς Hdt. 3.88: mostly in pl., ζῷα ἐς τὴν ἐσθῆτα ἐγγράφειν Id. 1.203, cf. 2.4, 124, 148, Pl. R. 515a, etc.; ζῷα γράψασθαι τὴν ζεῦξιν τοῦ Βοσπόρου to have pictures of the bridging of the Bosporus painted, Hdt. 4.88; cf. ζωγραφέω: ζῷα ποιεῖν Plu. Per. 13.
III sign of the Zodiac, Man. 2.166. — The word is post- Hom., no generic word used for animal being found till after the middle of the fifth cent. B.C. (ζώϊον Semon. 13, whence Att. ζῷον by contraction: ι is found in IG 12.372.42, al.,11(2).161 B 76 (Delos, iii B.C.), Phld. Rh. 2.166S., and in codd. opt. in the Noun; the Adj. ζωός (q.v.) had no ι: for the compds. (exc. ζωγλύφος, ζωγράφος) decisive evidence is lacking: ζῳάγρια with ι was read by Aristarch. in Il. 18.407.)
(Rec. ζῶον , v. LS, s.v.), -ου , τό
(< ζωός , alive),
[in LXX for H2416 (chiefly) and cognate forms; freq. in Wis;]
a living creature, an animal: Revelation 4:6-9; Revelation 5:6 ff. Revelation 6:1 ff. Revelation 7:11; Revelation 14:3; Revelation 15:7; Revelation 19:4; ζῴων τ . αἷμα , Hebrews 13:11; ἄλογα ζ ., 2 Peter 2:12, Judges 1:10.†
SYN.: θηρίον G2342, in which the brutal, bestial element is emphasized, and which is never used of sacrificial animals. On the other hand, ζ . is the more comprehensive, as expressing the vital element common to the whole anima] creation (v. Tr., Syn., LXXxi; Cremer, 274).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
With the use of ζῷον (for form, see Blass-Debrunner § 26) in Rev to denote ";a living creature,"; the symbol of the Divine immanence in Nature, as distinguished from θηρίον, ";a brute beast,"; we may compare the frequent reff. to ἱερὰ ζῷα in the papyri, e.g. P Tebt I. 5.78 (B.C. 118), where it is laid down that the expenses of the burial of Apis and Mnevis and τῶν ἄλλων ἱερῶν ζῴν (l. ζῴων) shall be defrayed by the Crown, and ib. 57.12 (B.C. 114), where reference is made to furnishing τὰς τῶν ἱερῶν ζώιων σειταγωγίας, ";the supplies of food for the sacred animals."; Cf. also P Oxy IX. 1188.4 (A.D. 13) ἐπὶ τῆ (ς) τῶν ἱερῶν ζῴων θήκης, and from the inscrr. OGIS 90.31 (the Rosetta stone—B.C. 196) τῶι τε Ἄπει καὶ τῶι Μνεύει πολλὰ ἐδωρήσατο καὶ τοῖς ἄλλοις ἱεροῖς ζώιοις τοῖς ἐν Αἰγύπτωι. In Aristeas 147 the reference is to ";tame birds";—τὰ τῶν προειρημένων πτηνῶν ἥμερα ζῷα. MGr ζῶο.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Sixth Week after Easter