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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2231 - ἡγεμονία

Word Origin
from (2232)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. chief command, rule, sovereignty
    1. of the reign of a Roman emperor
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 441 ‑ אַלֻּף (al‑loof', al‑loof');  1714 ‑ דֶּגֶל (deh'‑gel);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Luke 1
Luke 1
Luke 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἡγεμον-ία, ἡ,

I leading the way, going first, Hdt. 2.93; τῇ τῶν δυναστευόντων ἡ. by their example, Pl. Lg. 711c.


1. authority, rule, of dynasties or nations, Hdt. 1.7, 3.65, etc.; of a general or officer, Th. 4.91; ἐν ἡγεμονίαις Id. 7.15; ἡ ἡ. τῶν Ἰώνων τοῦ πολέμου Hdt. 6.2; ἡ κατὰ πόλεμον ἡ., τῶν πολεμικῶν ἡ ἡ., Arist. Pol. 1285b9, 18; αἱ ἡ. τῶν στρατοπέδων Pl. Euthd. 273c; τῶν ὀπισθοφυλάκων X. An. 4.7.8; ἡ. δικαστηρίου presidency in a court, Aeschin. 3.14; headship of a philosophical school, Phld. Acad.Ind. p.59 M.

2. political supremacy, ἡ ἡ. τῆς 'Ελλάδος X. HG 7.1.33; παρ' ἑκόντων τῶν 'Ελλήνων τὴν ἡ. ἐλάβομεν Isoc. 8.30; ἡ. ἡ κατὰ θάλατταν Id. 12.67, cf. Arist. Ath. 23.2; ἡ ἐν 'Αρείῳ πάγῳ βουλὴ οὐδενὶ δόγματι λαβοῦσα τὴν ἡ. ib. 1, cf. Pol. 1304a23; political leadership of an individual, ib. 1296a39; γένος ὑπερέχον πρὸς ἡ. πολιτικήν ib. 1288a9. = Lat. imperium, Plu. Mar. 36, D.C. 60.17, etc.; Αἴγυπτον δήμου 'Ρωμαίων ἡγεμονίᾳ προσέθηκα Mon.Anc.Gr. 15.1; τοῖς καλοῖς τῆς ἡ. νόμοις Ath.Mech. 39.7; τριῶν τῶν μεγίστων ἡ. Plu. Luc. 30; reign of an Emperor, Luke 3:1; office of prefect, POxy. 237v6 (ii A.D.), al.

III military unit, regiment, IG 22.657 (pl.), PRein. 9.13 (ii B.C.), Plu. Cam. 23 (pl.); but αἱ μείζονες ἡ. the higher commands, Ael. Tact. 10.4. chief thing, principal part, ἡ. τῆς τέχνης Diph. 17.5. a principality, LXX Genesis 36:30; a Roman governorship, 'Ιλλυρίδος ἡ. Hdn. 6.7.2, cf. 7.5.2; tenure of office of a governor, PRyl. 77.36 (ii A.D.); ἡ Ἡ. the Government, PGrenf. 2.73.11 (iii A.D.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἡγεμονία, ἡγεμονίας, (ἡγεμών) (Herodotus, Thucydides, Plato, others), chief command, rule, sovereignty: of the reign of a Roman emperor, Luke 3:1; Josephus, Antiquities 18, 4, 2.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἡγεμονία , -ας ,

(<ἡγεμών ),

[in LXX: Genesis 36:30 (H441), Numbers 1:52; Numbers 2:17, (H1714), Sirach 7:4; Sirach 10:1, 4 Maccabees 6:33; 4 Maccabees 13:4 *;]

rule, sovereignty: Luke 3:1.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Like the preceding verb, ἡγεμονία is used for the office or rule of the prefect, e.g. P Oxy I. 59.10 (A.D. 292) ἀπαντῆσαι ἐπὶ τὴν ἡγεμονίαν καὶ προσεδρεῦσαι τῷ ἀχράντῳ αὐτοῦ δικαστηρί [, ";to proceed to his highness the praefect and attend his immaculate court"; (Edd.), ib. II. 237v. 6 al. (A.D. 186) γράφειν τῇ ἡγεμονίᾳ, P Ryl II. 77.36 (A.D. 192) ἐπὶ τῇ ἐπαφροδείτῳ ἡγεμονίᾳ Λαρκίου Μέμορος, ";during the delightful praefecture of Larcius Memor"; (Edd.), P Oxy X. 1252 recto .19 (A.D. 288–95) ἐκ προστάξεως τῆς ἡγεμονίας, ";in accordance with the order of the prefect."; The word is also used in a military sense (as in Plut. Camill. 23) of a ";battalion,"; or division of an army, under its ἡγεμών or officer : cf. P Rein 913 (B.C. 112) Διονύσιος Ἀπολλω ]νίου [Πέρσ ]η ̣ς τῆς Ἀρτεμιδώρου ἡγεμονίας, ";Dionysios fils d’Apollonios, Perse, du commandement d’Artémidôros"; (Ed.) and the discussion on p. 32 f., and Syll 197.23 (B.C. 284–3) τοὺς μὲν βουλομέν [ους στρατ ]εύεσθαι διώικησεν ὅπως ἂν καταχωρισθῶσιν [ἐν ] ἡγεμονίαις, with the editor’s note where ἡγεμονίαι are defined as ";partes exercitus ex quibus suum quaeque ἡγεμόνα habuit."; As illustrating the elastic nature of this group of words (see infra, and cf. Sirach 10:1-2), we may cite from the astrological fragment P Tebt II. 276.14 (ii/iii A.D.) ὁ δὲ τοῦ Δι ]ο ̣̣ς τῷ τοῦ Ἄρεως τρίγωνος [ὑπάρχων ] ἢ καὶ συνπαρὼν μεγάλας [βασιλεία ]ς ̣ κ ̣αὶ ἡγεμονίας ἀπ ̣ο ̣τελεῖ, ";Jupiter in triangular relation to Mars or in conjunction makes great kingdoms and empires"; (Edd,), cf. .86, and the Christian letter P Grenf II. 73.11 (late iii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 118) where a certain Politike is described as sent into the Oasis ὑπὸ τῆς ἡγεμονίας, ";by the Government.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ηγεμονίαις ηγεμονίαν ηγεμονιας ηγεμονίας ἡγεμονίας ηγεμονικώ egemonias ēgemonias hegemonias hegemonías hēgemonias hēgemonías
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Tuesday, November 24th, 2020
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