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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #225 - ἀλήθεια

Transliteration
alḗtheia
Phonetics
al-ay'-thi-a  
Word Origin
from (227)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
1:232,37
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. objectively
    1. what is true in any matter under consideration
      1. truly, in truth, according to truth
      2. of a truth, in reality, in fact, certainly
    2. what is true in things appertaining to God and the duties of man, moral and religious truth
      1. in the greatest latitude
      2. the true notions of God which are open to human reason without his supernatural intervention
    3. the truth as taught in the Christian religion, respecting God and the execution of his purposes through Christ, and respecting the duties of man, opposing alike to the superstitions of the Gentiles and the inventions of the Jews, and the corrupt opinions and precepts of false teachers even among Christians
  2. subjectively
    1. truth as a personal excellence
      1. that candour of mind which is free from affection, pretence, simulation, falsehood, deceit
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 217 ‑ אוּר (oor);  529 ‑ אֵמוּן (ay‑moon');  530 ‑ אֱמֻנָה (em‑oo‑naw', em‑oo‑naw');  571 ‑ אֱמֶת (eh'‑meth);  3330 ‑ יַצִּיב (yats‑tseeb');  3477 ‑ יָשָׁר (yaw‑shawr');  3559 ‑ כּוּן (koon);  5228 ‑ נָכֹחַ (naw‑ko'‑akh);  7187 ‑ קְשֹׁט (kesh‑ote', kesh‑ote');  8537 ‑ תֹּם (tome);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (110) NAS (110) HCS (109)
Matthew 1
Mark 3
Luke 3
John 20
Acts 3
Romans 8
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 6
Galatians 4
Ephesians 6
Philippians 1
Colossians 2
2 Thessalonians 3
1 Timothy 5
2 Timothy 6
Titus 2
Hebrews 1
James 3
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 2
1 John 8
2 John 4
3 John 5
Matthew 1
Mark 3
Luke 3
John 20
Acts 3
Romans 8
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 6
Galatians 3
Ephesians 6
Philippians 1
Colossians 2
2 Thessalonians 3
1 Timothy 5
2 Timothy 6
Titus 2
Hebrews 1
James 3
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 2
1 John 8
2 John 4
3 John 5
Matthew 1
Mark 3
Luke 3
John 25
Acts 3
Romans 8
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 8
Galatians 3
Ephesians 6
Philippians 1
Colossians 2
2 Thessalonians 3
1 Timothy 6
2 Timothy 6
Titus 2
Hebrews 1
James 3
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 2
1 John 9
2 John 5
3 John 6
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 23
N-DSF 30
N-GSF 43
N-NSF 14
N-ASF 21
N-DSF 30
N-GSF 43
N-NSF 14
N-ASF 23
N-DSF 30
N-GSF 43
N-NSF 14
NA WH
N-ASF 21
N-DSF 30
N-GSF 43
N-NSF 13
N-ASF 26
N-DSF 34
N-GSF 45
N-NSF 16


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀλήθ-εια [ ᾰλ], , Dor. ἀλάθεια (also ἀλαθείᾱ B. 12.204); ἀλάθεα Alc. 57, Theoc. 29.1 is neut. pl. of ἀλᾱθής; (and Farly Att. acc. to Hdn.Gr. 2.454) ἀληθείᾱ; Ion. ἀληθείη:

I truth, opp. lie or mere appearance:

1, in Hom. only opp. a lie, freq. in phrase ἀληθείην καταλέξαι Il. 24.407,al.; ἀ. ἀποειπεῖν 23.361; παιδὸς πᾶσαν ἀ. μυθεῖσθαι to tell whole truth about the lad, Od. 11.507; ἀλάθει' ἀτρεκής Pi. N. 5.17, cf. B. l.c.; prov., οἶνος καὶ ἀ. ` in vino veritas', Alc.l.c., etc.; ἁπλᾶ γάρ ἐστι τῆς ἀ. ἔπη A. Fr. 176, cf. E. Ph. 469; χρᾶσθαι τῇ ἀ. Hdt. 1.116; εἰπεῖν τὴν ἀ. Id. 6.69; ἡ ἀ. περί τινος Th. 4.122, S. Tr. 91; ἀ. ἔχειν to be true, Arist. Pol. 1281a42: pl., ταῖς ἀ. χρῆσθαι Isoc. 9.5; τὰς ἀ. λέγειν Men. 87, 925; τὰς ἀ. ἀκοῦσαι τῶν γενομένων Alcid. Od. 13: — Ἀλήθεια or περὶ Ἀληθείας, title of works by Protag., Pl. Tht. 161c, Cra. 391c; by Antipho Soph., FOxy. 1364, cf. Hermog. Id. 2.11, etc.

2. after Hom. also truth, reality, opp. appearance, σὺν ἀλαθείᾳ καλῶν B. 3.96; ἡ ἀ. τῶν πραχθέντων Antipho 2.4.1; τῶν ἔργων ἡ ἀ. Th. 2.41; μιμήματα ἀληθείας Pl. Plt. 300c: in adverb. usages, τῇ ἀ. in very truth, Th. 4.120, etc.; ταῖς ἀ. Isoc. 15.283, cf. Philem. 130, Plb. 10.40.5, Babr. 75.20; rarely (without the Art.) ἀληθείᾳ Pl. Prt. 343d: with Preps., ἐν τῇ ἀ. Pl. La. 183d; ἐπὶ τῆς ἀληθείας καὶ τοῦ πράγματος in truth and reality, D. 21.72; ἐπ' ἀληθείᾳ for the sake of truth, A. Supp. 628, Ar. Pl. 891; also, according to truth and nature, Theoc. 7.44: — μετ' ἀληθείας X. Mem. 2.1.27, D. 2.4: — κατὰ τὴν ἀ. Isoc. 1.2.46, etc.; κατ' ἀλήθειον Arist. Pol. 1278b33, etc.: — ξὺν ἀληθείᾳ A. Ag. 1567: — πρὸς ἀλήθειαν D.S. 5.67, etc.

3. real war, opp. exercise or parade, Plb. 10.20.4,al.; ἐπ' αὐτῆς τῆς ἀ. Id. 1.21.3.

4. true event, realization of dream or omen, Hdt. 3.64, Damon ap.Sch. Ar. Pl. 1003.

II of persons, truthfulness, sincerity, Hdt. 1.55; ἀλαθείᾳ φρενῶν A. Ag. 1550, cf. Pl. R. 331c, Arist. EN 1108a20.

III *)a. personified, Emp. 1, Parm. 1.29, etc. symbol of truth, jewel worn by Egyptian high-priest, D.S. 1.48, 75, Ael. VH 14.34: of the Thummim, LXX Leviticus 8:8.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀλήθεια, (ας, (ἀληθής) (from Homer down), verity, truth.

I. objectively;

1. universally, what is true in any matter under consideration (opposed to what is feigned, fictitious, false): James 3:14; ἀλήθειαν λέγειν, έ᾿ρειν, John 8:45; John 16:7; Romans 9:1; 1 Corinthians 12:6; 1 Timothy 2:7; εἶπεν αὐτῷ πᾶσαν τήν ἀλήθειαν, everything as it really was, Mark 5:33 (so in classics); μαρτυρεῖν τῇ ἀλήθεια to testify according to the true state of the case, John 5:33; in a broader sense, λαλεῖν ἀλήθειαν, to speak always according to truth, Ephesians 4:25; (ἀληθείας ῤήματα ἀποφθέγγομαι, as opposed to the vagaries of madness, Acts 26:25); ἀλήθεια ἐγένετο, was shown to be true by the event, 2 Corinthians 7:14. ἐν ἀλήθεια, in truth, truly, as the case is, according to fact: Matthew 22:16; John 4:23f (as accords with the divine nature); 2 Corinthians 7:14; Colossians 1:6; ἐπ' ἀληθείας a. truly, in truth, according to truth: Mark 12:32; Luke 4:25 (Job 9:2 the Sept.; Philo, vit. Moys. i., § 1).

b. of a truth, in reality, in fact, certainly: Mark 12:14; Luke 20:21; (); Acts 4:27; Acts 10:34 (Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 23, 5 [ET] and 47, 3 [ET]); (cf. Winers Grammar, § 51, 2 f.; Buttmann, 336 (289)); κατ' ἀλήθειαν in accordance with fact, i. e. (according to the context) justly, without partiality: Romans 2:2; εἴτε προφάσει, εἴτε ἀλήθεια, Philippians 1:18; ἐν ἔργῳ καί ἀλήθεια, 1 John 3:18 (Rec. omits ἐν; so Ephesians 4:21 WH marginal reading).

2. In reference to religion, the word denotes what is true in things appertaining to God and the duties of man, (`moral and religions truth'); and that a. with the greatest latitude, in the sceptical question τί ἐστιν ἀλήθεια, John 18:38;

b. the true notions of God which are open to human reason without his supernatural intervention: Romans 1:18; also ἀλήθεια Θεοῦ the truth of which God is the author, Romans 1:25, cf. 19 ( ἀλήθεια τοῦ Χριστοῦ, Ev. Nicod., c. 5, 2; accordingly, it is not, as many interpret the phrase, the true nature of God (yet see Meyer at the passage)); truth, the embodiment of which the Jews sought in the Mosaic law, Romans 2:20.

c. "the truth, as taught in the Christian religion, respecting God and the execution of his purposes through Christ, and respecting the duties of man," opposed alike to the superstitions of the Gentiles and the inventions of the Jews, and to the corrupt opinions and precepts of false teachers even among Christians: ἀλήθεια τοῦ εὐαγγελίου the truth which is the gospel or which the gospel presents, Galatians 2:5, 14 (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 34, 3 a.); and absolutely ἀλήθεια and ἀλήθεια: John 1:14, 17; John 8:32, 40; (); ; 1 John 1:8; 1 John 2:4, 21; 2 John 1:1-3; Galatians 3:1 (Rec.); Galatians 5:7; 2 Corinthians 4:2; 2 Corinthians 13:8; Ephesians 4:24; 2 Thessalonians 2:10, 12; 1 Timothy 2:7 (ἐν πίστει καί ἀλήθεια in faith and truth, of which I became a partaker through faith); ; 2 Timothy 2:18; 2 Timothy 3:8; 2 Timothy 4:4; Titus 1:14; 2 Peter 1:12; (3 John 1:8, 12); λόγος τῆς ἀληθείας, Colossians 1:5; Ephesians 1:13; 2 Timothy 2:15; λόγος ἀληθείας, 2 Corinthians 6:7; James 1:18; ὁδός τῆς ἀληθείας, 2 Peter 2:2; πίστις ἀληθείας, 2 Thessalonians 2:13 (Winer's Grammar, 186 (175)); ὑπακοὴ τῆς ἀληθείας, 1 Peter 1:22; ἐπίγνωσις τῆς ἀληθείας, Hebrews 10:26; 1 Timothy 2:4; 2 Timothy 2:25; 2 Timothy 3:7; (Titus 1:1); πνεῦμα τῆς ἀληθείας the Spirit (of God) which is truth (1 John 5:6) and imbues men with the knowledge of the truth, John 14:17; (); ; 1 John 4:6; ἐγώ εἰμί ἀλήθεια, I am he in whom the truth is summed up and impersonated, John 14:6; ἀλήθεια σου (Rec.) (i. e. Θεοῦ) the truth which is in thee and proceeds from thee, John 17:17; (ἐστιν ἀλήθεια Χριστοῦ ἐν ἐμοί, i. e., controls, actuates, me, 2 Corinthians 11:10); εἶναι ἐκ τῆς ἀληθείας to be eager to know the truth, John 18:37 (see ἐκ, II. 7, and εἰμί, V. 3 d.); to proceed from the truth, 1 John 2:21; to be prompted and controlled by the truth, 1 John 3:19; μαρτυρεῖν τῇ ἀληθ., to give testimony in favor of the truth in order to establish its authority among men, John 18:37; ἀλήθειαν ποιεῖν to exemplify truth in the life, to express the form of truth in one's habits of thought and modes of living, John 3:21; 1 John 1:6 (Tobit 13:6 Tobit 4:6; cf. Nehemiah 9:33; ὁδόν ἀληθείας αἰρετίζεσθαι, Psalm 118:30 ()); so also περιπατεῖν ἐν τῇ ἀλήθεια. 2 John 1:4; 3 John 1:3f; ἀπειθεῖν τῇ ἀλήθεια is just the opposite, Romans 2:8; so also πλανηθῆναι ἀπό τῆς ἀληθείας, James 5:19.

II. (subjectively) "truth as a personal excellence; that candor of mind which is free from affectation, pretence, simulation, falsehood, deceit": John 8:44; sincerity of mind and integrity of character, or a mode of life in harmony with divine truth: 1 Corinthians 5:8; 1 Corinthians 13:6 (opposed to ἀδικία); Ephesians 4:21 (see I. 1 b. above); ; (); σου ἀλήθεια the truth as it is discerned in thee, thy habit of thinking and acting in congruity with truth, 3 John 1:3; ἀλήθεια τοῦ Θεοῦ which belongs to God, i. e., his holiness (but cf. περισσεύω, 1 b. at the end), Romans 3:7; specifically, veracity (of God in keeping his promises), Romans 15:8; ἐν ἀλήθεια sincerely and truthfully, 2 John 1:1; 3 John 1:1. The word is not found in Revelation ((nor in 1 Thessalonians, Philemon, Jude)). Cf. Holemann, Bibelstudien (Lpz. 1859) 1te Abth., p. 8ff; (Wendt in Studien und Kritiken, 1883, p. 511ff.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀλήθεια , -ας ,

(< ἀληθής ),

[in LXX chiefly for H571 (on which, v. Cremer, 627 f.), H530;]

truth (v. DB, iv, 818 f.).

1. Objectively, "the reality lying at the basis of an appearance; the manifested, veritable essence of a matter" (Cremer, 86): Romans 9:1, al.; of religious truth, Romans 1:2, al.; esp. of Christian doctrine, Galatians 2:5, al.; . θεοῦ , Romans 15:8.

2. Subjectively, truthfulness, truth, not merely verbal (cl.), but sincerity and integrity of character: John 8:44, 3 John 1:3.

3. In phrases (MM, VGT, s.v.): ἐπ᾽ ἀληθείας , Mark 12:14, al.; . λέγειν (εἰπεῖν , λαλεῖν ), Romans 9:1, 2 Corinthians 12:6, Ephesians 4:25, al.; . ποιεῖν , John 3:21, 1 John 1:6 (cf. DE, iv, 818 b, ff.).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The noun occurs requently in prepositional phrases, μετὰ πάσης ἀληθείας , etc. Ἐπ᾽ ἀληθείας is found in P Amh II. 6833 (late i/A.D.) ὀμνύομεν . . . εἶ μὴν ἐξ ὑγειοῦς καὶ ἐπ᾽ ἀληθείας ἐπιδεδωκ [ ]ναι : so P Oxy III. 480.9 (A.D. 132), and Syll 226174 (iii/B.C.) οὐ γεγενημένου τούτου ἐπ᾽ ἀληθείας , etc. This NT phrase is thoroughly idiomatic, we see, and not ";translation Greek"; in Mark. Other combinations are ἐξ ἀ ., P Oxy VII. 103233 (A.D. 162) [κ ] τῆς ἀ ., P Flor I. 3214 (A.D. 298) ἐξόμνυμι . . . ἐξ ἀ . καὶ πίστεως . (For this collocation of nouns, cf. P Oxy I. 705 (iii/A.D.) πίστιν καὶ ἀλήθ [ειαν ἔ ]χει , ";is credited and accepted,"; of a contract (Edd.).) With 2 John 1:1, 3 John 1:1 ὃν ἐγὼ ἀγαπῶ ἐν ἀληθείᾳ , cf. the Gemellus letters, P Fay 118.26 (A.D. 110) ἀσπάζου τοὺς φιλοῦντές σε πάντες πρὸς ἀλήθιαν , and ib. 119.26 (c. A.D. 100) τοὺς φιλοῦντες ἡμᾶς πρὸς ἀλήθιαν . In much the same sense we find ταῖς ἀληθ (είαις ), P Ryl II. 105.26 (A.D. 136). For the noun without prepositions we may quote P Oxy II. 283.13f. (A.D. 45) ἐξ οὗ δεήσει γνωσθῆναι πᾶσαν τὴν περὶ τῶν προγεγραμμένων ἀλήθειαν , P Giss I. 84.14 (ii/A.D.) φι ]λοῦσ ̣ι νῦν οὗτοι τὴν ἀλήθ [ε ]ιαν εἰπε ̣ι ̣̑ν ̣, P Lond 412.5 (A.D. 351) = (II. p. 280) εἰ μὴ ὑπῆρχεν ἡμεῖν ἡ τῶν νόμων ἀλήθει [α ], ib. 8973 (A.D. 84) ( = III. p. 206) νυνεὶ δὲ ὑμεῖς τὴν ἀλήθειαν γράψαται , etc. From v/vi A.D. comes an interesting Christian prayer in P Oxy VI. 9255 φανέρωσόν μοι τὴν παρὰ σοὶ ἀλήθιαν εἰ βούλῃ με ἀπελθεῖν εἰς Χιούτ . The form of the petition closely follows those of paganism.

 

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αληθεια αληθεία αληθέια αλήθεια αλήθειά αλήθεία ἀληθείᾳ ἀλήθεια ἀλήθειά αλήθειαι αληθειαν αλήθειαν αλήθειάν ἀλήθειαν αληθειας αληθείας ἀληθείας aletheia alētheia alḗtheia alḗtheiá aletheíāi alētheíāi aletheian alētheian alḗtheian aletheias aletheías alētheias alētheías
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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