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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2594 - καρτερέω

Transliteration
karteréō
Phonetics
kar-ter-eh'-o  
Word Origin
from a derivative of (2904) (transp.)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:617,417
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to be steadfast
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2388 ‑ חָזַק (khaw‑zak');  6284 ‑ פָּאָה (paw‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Hebrews 1
Hebrews 1
Hebrews 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAI-3S 1
NA WH
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAI-3S 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

καρτερ-έω,

I to be steadfast, patient, S. Ph. 1274, Men. Sam. 112, etc.; ῥᾷον παραινεῖν ἢ παθόντα καρτερεῖν E. Alc. 1078, cf. Th. 7.64; κ. μάχῃ E. Heracl. 837; κ. ἐλπίδι τινός Th. 2.44: freq. with a Pr, κ. πρός τι to hold up against a thing, e.g. πρὸς ἡδονάς τε καὶ λύπας Pl. R. 556c; πρὸς λιμὸν καὶ ῥῖγος X. Cyr. 2.3.13; ἐπὶ τοῖς παροῦσι Isoc. 6.48, cf. Pl. La. 194a; κ. ἐν ταῖς ἡδοναῖς to be patient or temperate in.., Id. Lg. 635c; ἐν πολέμῳ Id. La. 193a; κ. ἀπὸ τοῦ ὕπνου refrain therefrom, Ael. NA 13.13: c. part., persevere in doing, οἱ δ' ἐκαρτέρουν πρὸς κῦμα λακτίζοντες E. IT 1395; κ. ἀναλίσκων ἀργύριον φρονίμως Pl. La. 192e; ἀκούων Aeschin. 3.241; κ. ἐν ἐπιτηδεύμασιν Isoc. 2.32; also τὰ δείν' ἐκαρτέρουν was strangely obdurate or obstinate, S. Aj. 650: in later Prose meaning little more than wait, καρτέρει καὶ θεώρει wait and see, LXX 2 Maccabees 7:17; οὐ κ. μέχρι θαλάμων ἐλθεῖν S.E. M. 1.291.

II c. acc. rei, bear patiently, endure, τὰ δ' ἀδύναθ' ἡμῖν καρτερεῖν οὐ ῥᾴδιον E. IA 1370; κ. θεοῦ δόσιν Id. Alc. 1071; τῷ σώματι τὰ συντυγχάνοντα X. Mem. 1.6.7; τὸν τῶν ὑπεροπτικῶν ὄγκον Isoc. 1.30; πολλὴν κακοπάθειαν Arist. Pol. 1278b27: Pass., κεκαρτέρηται τἀμά my time for patience is over, E. Hipp. 1457.--In Hsch., οὐ καρτεριάδδει· οὐ φρόνιμος εἶ, should prob. be οὐ καρτερίδδει (Lacon. for καρτερίζει).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καρτερέω, καρτέρω: 1 aorist ἐκαρτέρησα; (καρτερός (from κάρτος i. e. κράτος, 'strong')); to be steadfast: Hebrews 11:27 (A. V. endured). (Job 2:9; Sir. 2:2 Sir. 12:15; often in Greek writings from Sophocles and Thucydides down.) (Compare: προσκαρτερέω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

καρτερέω , - ,

[in LXX: Job 2:9 (H2388 hi.), Isaiah 42:14 (H6284), Sirach 2:2; Sirach 12:15; 2,4 Mac.7 *;]

to be steadfast, patient: Hebrews 11:27 (cf. προσ -καρτερέω ).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The meaning ";persevere,"; ";endure,"; usually given to this verb in Hebrews 11:27, is supported by the new Alexandrian erotic fragment, P Grenf I. 1.19 (ii/B.C.) μέγαν ἔχει πόνον, ζηλοτυπεῖν γὰρ δεῖ, στέγειν, καρτερεῖν. See also Arist. Magn. Mor. ii. 6. 34 ὁ γὰρ καρτερῶν καὶ ὑπομένων τὰς λύπας, οὗτος καρτερικός ἐστιν (cited by Mayor on 2 Peter 1:6). A somewhat different usage occurs in P Amh II. 130.6 (A.D. 70), where a certain Gloutas excuses himself for not having sold some barley, on the ground that others had vainly offered to sell—τούτου χάριν καρτερω ̣, ";this is why I am holding on"; (Edd.). If we assume that τὴν κριθήν is understood here after καρτερῶ, we might find support for Luther’s rendering of Heb l.c. ";denn er hielt sich an den, den er nicht sähe, als sähe er ihn."; For an interesting suggestion that the verb in this verse may mean ";kept his eyes upon,"; on the analogy of certain passages in Plutarch, see ExpT xxvii. p. 186. The adv. καρτερῶς = ";strongly"; occurs in P Par 41.22 (B.C. 160) ἐπέπεσόν (?) τε καρτερῶς [ἐμοί. MGr ()καρτερῶ, ";expect,"; ";wait for.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκαρτέρησα εκαρτέρησε εκαρτερησεν ἐκαρτέρησεν εκαρτέρωσεν καρτερήσεις κάρυα καρύας καρυίνην καρυϊνην καρυϊσκους ekarteresen ekarterēsen ekartéresen ekartérēsen
Lectionary Calendar
Friday, October 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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