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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2659 - κατάνυξις

Word Origin
from (2660)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a pricking, piercing
  2. severe sorrow, extreme grief
  3. insensibility or torpor of mind, such as extreme grief easily produces
    1. hence a "spirit of stupor", which renders their souls torpid so insensible that they are not affected at all by the offer made them of salvation through the Messiah
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8639 ‑ תַּרְדֵּמָה (tar‑day‑maw');  8653 ‑ תַּרְעֵלָה (tar‑ay‑law');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Romans 1
Romans 1
Romans 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κατά-νυξις, εως, ἡ,

1. stupefaction, bewilderment, ἐπότισας ἡμᾶς οἶνον -νύξεως LXX Psalms 59:3(60).3, cf. Isaiah 29:10.

2. contrition, Just. Nov. 137.6 Intr.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κατάνυξις, κατανύξεως, (κατανύσσω, which see);

1. a pricking, piercing (Vulg. compunctio).

2. severe sorrow, extreme grief.

3. insensibility or torpor of mind, such as extreme grief easily produces; hence, πνεῦμα κατανύξεως, a spirit of stupor, which renders their souls torpid, i. e. so insensible that they are not affected at all by the offer made them of salvation through the Messiah, Romans 11:8 from Isaiah 29:10 the Sept. (where the Hebrew תַּרְדֵּמָה רוּחַ, a spirit of deep sleep, is somewhat loosely so rendered; οἶνος κατανύξεως for תַּרְעֵלָה יַיִן, wine which produces dizziness, reeling, German Taumelwein, Psalm 59:5 ()). Not found in secular authors. Cf. Fritzsche's full discussion of the word in his Commentary on Romans, vol. ii., p. 558ff; (cf. Winers Grammar, 94 (90); Lightfoot 'Fresh Revision' etc., p. 139 note).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατά -νυξις , -εως ,

(< κατανύσσω , q.v.),

[in LXX: Psalms 60:3 (H8653), Isaiah 29:10 (H8639)*;]

1. a pricking.

2. (Perhaps through resembl. of κατανύσσω to -νυστάζω ), torpor of mind, stupefaction: Romans 11:8 (LXX) (v. ICC, in l; Field, Notes, 157).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This NT ἅπ. εἰρ. (Romans 11:8) occurs in Pelagia-Legenden, p. 3.7 πάσης γὰρ ὠφελείας καὶ κατανύξεως πεπλήρωται τὸ διήγημα, where it seems to have the unusual meaning of ";incitement,"; ";stimulus.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κατανυξεως κατανύξεως katanuxeos katanuxeōs katanyxeos katanyxeōs katanýxeos katanýxeōs
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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