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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2812 - κλέπτης

Transliteration
kléptēs
Phonetics
klep'-tace  
Word Origin
from (2813)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
3:754,441
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. an embezzler, pilferer
    1. the name is transferred to false teachers, who do not care to instruct men, but abuse their confidence for their own gain
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1590 ‑ גַּנָּב (gan‑nawb');  1590 ‑ גַּנָּב (gan‑nawb');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (16) NAS (16) HCS (16)
Matthew 3
Luke 2
John 4
1 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 3
Luke 2
John 4
1 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 3
Luke 2
John 4
1 Corinthians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-NPM 4
N-NSM 12
N-NPM 4
N-NSM 12
N-NPM 4
N-NSM 12
NA WH
N-NPM 4
N-NSM 12
N-APM 2
N-NPM 4
N-NSM 13


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κλέπτ-ης, ου, ὁ,

1. thief, Il. 3.11; τὸν πυρὸς κ. A. Pr. 946; κλέπτα δύο Ar. V. 928; opp. ἅρπαξ (a robber), Myrtil. 4; λῃστὰς ἢ κλέπτας Pl. R. 351c, cf. John 10:8; ὁ τοῦ κ. λόγος, a logical fallacy, Arist. SE 180b18.

2. generally, cheat, knave, S. Aj. 1135; κακῶν ἀλλοτρίων κ. D. 45.59.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κλέπτης, κλέπτου, (κλέπτω) (from Homer down), the Sept. for גַּנָּב, a thief: Matthew 6:19; Matthew 24:43; Luke 12:33, 39; John 10:1, 10; 1 Corinthians 6:10; 1 Peter 4:15; an embezzler, pilferer, John 12:6; ἔρχεσθαι or ἥκειν ... ὡς κλέπτης ἐν νυκτί, equivalent to to come unexpectedly, 1 Thessalonians 5:2, 4; 2 Peter 3:10; Revelation 3:3; Revelation 16:15; the name is transferred to false teachers, who do not care to instruct men, but abuse their confidence for their own gain, John 10:8. (Synonym: see λῃστής, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κλέπτης , -ου , ,

[in LXX for H1590;]

a thief: Matthew 6:19-20; Matthew 24:43, Luke 12:33; Luke 12:39, John 10:1; John 10:10; John 12:6, 1 Corinthians 6:10, 1 Peter 4:15. Fig., ὡς κ . ἐν νυκτί , 1 Thessalonians 5:2; 1 Thessalonians 5:4 (κλέπτας , WH, txt., R, mg.; v. Lft., Notes, 73; but cf. also M, Th., l.c.), 2 Peter 3:10, Revelation 3:3; Revelation 16:15. Metaph., of false teachers, John 10:8.†

SYN.: λῃστής G3027, a robber, a brigand who plunders, openly, with violence; κ . is a thief who steals in secret, by fraud and cunning (Tr., Syn., § xliv).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

PSI IV. 393.18 (B.C. 242–1) νυκτὸς παραγενόμενοι κλέπται recalls 1 Thessalonians 5:2. In P Lond 46.172ff. (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 70) we have a charm—.172 κλέπτην πιάσαι, ";to catch a thief,"; in which there occurs an invocation to Hermes—.188 κλεπτῶν εὑρέτην. With Paul’s list of vices in 1 Corinthians 6:9 f. Deissmann (LAE p. 320 f.) compares the popular names of vices in Latin on the backs of tesserae or counters, which were used in an ancient game resembling draughts : thus corresponding to κλέπται we have fur, and to ἅρπαγες arpax. With the use of κλέπται for ";false teachers"; in John 10:8 we may perhaps compare the mention of φῶρες in a census-paper containing a list of professions, P Petr III. 59 (a)ii. 9 (Ptol.). These, as the editors point out, can hardly be ";thieves"; in the ordinary sense of the word : they were more likely ";searchers for stolen property"; on the principle ";set a thief to catch a thief.";

The Klefts of modern Greece have made the MGr form κλέφτης familiar to every one : to propitiate the brigands a capital letter is generally used.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κλεπται κλέπται κλέπτη κλέπτην κλεπτης κλέπτης κλέπτου κλεπτών kleptai kléptai kleptes kleptēs kléptes kléptēs
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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