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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2873 - κόπος

Transliteration
kópos
Phonetics
kop'-os  
Word Origin
from (2875)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
3:827,453
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a beating
  2. a beating of the breast with grief, sorrow
  3. labour
    1. trouble
      1. to cause one trouble, make work for him
    2. intense labour united with trouble and toil
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 202 ‑ אוֹן (one);  205 ‑ אָוֶן (aw'‑ven);  1478 ‑ גָּוַע (gaw‑vah');  2960 ‑ טֹרַח (to'‑rakh);  3015 ‑ יָגוֹן (yaw‑gohn');  3018 ‑ יְגִיעַ (yeg‑ee'‑ah);  5999 ‑ עָמָל (aw‑mawl');  8432 ‑ תָּוֶךְ (taw'‑vek);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (19) NAS (18) HCS (17)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
John 1
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 4
Galatians 1
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
John 1
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 4
Galatians 1
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Thessalonians 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 1
Luke 2
John 1
1 Corinthians 2
2 Corinthians 4
Galatians 1
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Thessalonians 1
Revelation 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-APM 4
N-ASM 5
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 2
N-GPM 1
N-GSM 2
N-NSM 2
N-APM 4
N-ASM 5
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 1
N-GPM 1
N-GSM 1
N-NSM 2
N-APM 4
N-ASM 5
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 2
N-GPM 1
N-GSM 2
N-NSM 2
NA WH
N-APM 4
N-ASM 4
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 1
N-GPM 1
N-GSM 1
N-NSM 2
N-APM 4
N-ASM 7
N-DPM 3
N-DSM 2
N-GPM 1
N-GSM 1
N-NSM 3


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κόπ-ος, ὁ,

(κόπτω)

I striking, beating, ὀξύχειρι σὺν κόπῳ (Pauw for κτύπῳ) A. Ch. 23 (lyr.); στέρνων κόπους (Seidler for κτύπους) E. Tr. 794 (anap.); = κοπανισμός, Hsch. II toil and trouble, suffering, A. Supp. 210 (pl.); ἀνδροδάϊκτος κόπος Id. Fr. 132a p. Ar. Ra. 1265; pain of a disease, S. Ph. 880; κόπους παρέχειν τινί to give trouble, Matthew 26:10, al., PTeb. 21.10 (ii B. C.), BGU 844.10 (i A. D.); κόπον ἔχειν Phld. Mus. p.62 K.; πάντα κ. ἀναδεξάμενος SIG 761 B 6 (Delph., i B. C.).

2. fatigue, Hp. VM 21, Gal. 6.190; κόπου ὕπο from very weariness, E. Ba. 634; κόπῳ παρεῖμαι Id. Ph. 852; κόπῳ δαμέντες, ἁλίσκεσθαι, Id. Rh. 764, Th. 7.40; τῷ κ. ξυνεῖναι Ar. Pl. 321; τὰ γόνατα κ. ἕλοι μου Id. Lys. 542: in pl., E. Rh. 124; κόποι καὶ ὕπνοι Pl. R. 537b, cf. X. Eq. 4.2, 2 Corinthians 6:5, etc.; περὶ κόπων title of work by Thphr.

3. work, exertion, καμάραν ἀφ' ἱδίων κόπων ἐποίησεν IG 12(7).384 (Amorgos), cf. BGU 884.10 (i A. D.); κόπῳ κόπον λύειν prov. in Orib. Eup. 1.2.8.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κόπος, κόπου, (κόπτω);

1. equivalent to τό κόπτειν, a beating.

2. equivalent to κοπετός, a beating of the breast in grief, sorrow (Jeremiah 51:33 ()).

3. labor (so the Sept. often for עָמָל), i. e.

a. trouble (Aeschylus, Sophocles): κόπους παρέχειν τίνι, to cause one trouble, make work for him, Matthew 26:10; Mark 14:6; Luke 11:7; Galatians 6:17; κόπον παρέχειν τίνι, Luke 18:5.

b. intense labor united with trouble, toil. (Euripides, Arstph;, others): universally, plural, 2 Corinthians 6:5; 2 Corinthians 11:23; of manual labor, joined with μόχθος ((see below)), 1 Thessalonians 2:9; ἐν κόπῳ καί μόχθῳ (toil and travail), 2 Corinthians 11:27 (where L T Tr WH omit ἐν); 2 Thessalonians 3:8; of the laborious efforts of Christian virtue, 1 Corinthians 15:58; Revelation 2:2; plural Revelation 14:13; κόπος τῆς ἀγάπης, the labor to which love prompts, and which voluntarily assumes and endures trouble and pains for the salvation of others, 1 Thessalonians 1:3; Hebrews 6:10 Rec.; of toil in teaching, John 4:38 (on which see εἰς, B. I. 3); 1 Thessalonians 3:5; of that which such toil in teaching accomplishes, 1 Corinthians 3:8; plural 2 Corinthians 10:15 (cf. Sir. 14:15). [SYNONYMS: κόπος, μόχθος, πόνος: primarily and in general classic usage, πόνος gives prominence to the effort (work as requiring force), κόπος to the fatigue, μόχθος (chiefly poetic) to the hardship. But in the N. T. πόνος has passed over (in three instances out of four) to the meaning pain (hence it has no place in the 'new Jerusalem', Revelation 21:4); cf. the deterioration in the case of the allied πονηρός, πένης. Schmidt, chapter 85; cf. Trench, § cii. (who would translate πόνος, 'toil', κόπος, 'weariness', μόχθος, 'labor').]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κόπος , -ου , (< κόπτω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H5999, also for H205, etc.;]

1. a striking, beating (in Jeremiah 45:3 = κοπετός ).

2. laborious toil, trouble: John 4:38, 1 Corinthians 3:8; 1 Corinthians 15:58, 1 Thessalonians 3:5; κ . τ . ἀγάπης , 1 Thessalonians 1:3; ἔργα καὶ κ ., Revelation 2:2; κ . καὶ μόχθος , 2 Corinthians 11:27, 1 Thessalonians 2:9, 2 Thessalonians 3:8; pl., ἐν κ ., 2 Corinthians 6:5; 2 Corinthians 10:15; 2 Corinthians 11:23; ἐκ τ . κ ., Revelation 14:13; κόπονς (-ον ) παρέχειν (in cl. more freq. Papyri πράγματα , πονον ), c. dat. pers., Matthew 26:10, Mark 14:6, Luke 11:7; Luke 18:5, Galatians 6:17.†

SYN.: μόλθος G3454, labour; πόνος G4192 (q.v.), toil, painful effort; in cl., "Papyri gives prominence to the effort (work as requiring force), κ . to the fatigue, μ . (chiefly poetic) to the hardship" (Thayer, s.v. κ .).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the phrase κόπους παρέχειν τινί, which occurs four times in the NT (also once with sing. κόπον) = ";to give trouble to one,"; see P Tebt I. 21.10 (B.C. 115) ἐὰν δέ σοι κόπους παρέχηι συνανάβαινε αὐτῷ, ";if he gives you trouble, go up with him"; (Edd.), BGU III. 844.12 (A.D. 83) κόπους γάρ μο [ι ] παρέχει ἀσθενοῦντει. For the word, which survives in MGr, see also P Amh II. 133.11 (early ii/A.D.) μετὰ πολλῶν κόπων ἀνηκάσαμεν αὐτῶν ἀντασχέσθαι (l. ἠναγκάσαμεν αὐτοὺς ἀντισχέσθαι) τῆς τούτων ἐν ̣ε ̣ργίας ἐπὶ τῷ πορτέρῳ ἐκφορίου (l. ίῳ), ";with great difficulty I made them set to work at the former rent"; (Edd.), P Oxy XII. 1482.6 (ii/A.D.) οὐ οὕτως αὐτὴν λελικμήκαμεν μετὰ κόπου ";we never had so much trouble in winnowing it (sc. barley)"; (Edd.).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κοποις κόποις κοπον κόπον κοπος κόπος κοπου κόπου κοπους κόπους κοπω κόπω κόπῳ κοπων κόπων κοπώσει kopo kopō kópoi kópōi kopois kópois kopon kopōn kópon kópōn kopos kópos kopou kópou kopous kópous
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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