Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2934 - κτῆνος
- a beast
- esp. a beast of burden
- used for four legged animals as opposed to fishes and birds
κτῆνος, εος, τό,
(κτάομαι) mostly in pl. κτήνεα, contr. κτήνη,
1. flocks and herds, h.Hom. 30.10, Hdt. 1.50, 2.41, Pl. Criti. 109c, PStrassb. 98.9 (ii B.C.), SIG 633.73 (Milet., ii B.C.); κ. τὰ δημιοπληθῆ A. Ag. 129 (lyr.); of beasts in general, Heraclit. 29; opp. ἄνθρωποι, Democr. 57; of swine, Plb. 12.4.14; ὑϊκὰ κ. BGU 757.20 (i A.D.).
2. in sg., a single beast, as an ox or sheep, Hdt. 1.132, Hp. Cord. 2, X. An. 5.2.3; horse or mule for riding, Luke 10:34, Acts 23:24; of a domestic animal, opp. θηρίον, M.Ant. 5.11. (Late dat. pl. κτῆσι PFlor. 258.6, etc.)
κτῆνος , -ους , τό
(< κτάομαι , hence primarily a possession),
a beast, (in late Gk. esp.) a beast of burden: Luke 10:34 pl. (as chiefly in cl.), Acts 23:24, Revelation 18:13; of quadrupeds, as Opp. to fishes and birds (cf. Ge, l.c.), 1 Corinthians 15:39.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
κτῆνος, mostly in plur. ";flocks and herds,"; is common, e.g. P Tebt I. 56.8 (late ii/B.C.) οὐκ ἔχομεν ἕως τῆς τροφῆς τ ̣ω ̣ν κτηνῶν ήμῶν, ";we have not so much as food for our cattle"; (Edd.), P Ryl II. 126.15 (A.D. 28–9) τὰ ἑατοῦ πρόβατα καὶ βοικὰ κτήνη. For the more specialized sense ";beast of burden,"; (as in Luke 10:34, Acts 23:24) cf. BGU III. 912.24 (A.D. 33) τὰ ὀνικὰ κτήνη, P Fay III.6 (A.D. 95–6) (= Selections, p. 66) ἐργατικὰ κτήνη δέκα, P Oxy XIV. 1756.10 (c. i/A.D.) ἐὰν τὰ κτήνη ἐξέρχηται ἐπὶ γράστιν (";green fodder";), πέμψω σοι ἐλαίαν : cf. also M. Anton. v. 11 where κτῆνος, ";a domestic animal,"; is contrasted with θηρίον, ";a wild beast."; The adj. κτηνοτρόφος occurs several times in the Fayûm papyri and ostraca, e.g. 18(b).2 (i/B.C.) : cf. LXX Numbers 32:4 where it is applied to land.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.