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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3011 - λειτουργός

Transliteration
leitourgós
Phonetics
li-toorg-os'  
Word Origin
from a derivative of (2992) and (2041)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
4:229,526
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a public minister, a servant of the state
  2. a minister, servant
    1. so of military labourers
    2. of the temple
      1. of one busied with holy things
      2. of a priest
    3. of the servants of a king
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6400 ‑ פֶּלַח (peh'‑lakh);  8334 ‑ שָׁרַת (shaw‑rath');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (5) NAS (5) HCS (5)
Romans 2
Philippians 1
Hebrews 2
Romans 2
Philippians 1
Hebrews 2
Romans 2
Philippians 1
Hebrews 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-APM 1
N-ASM 2
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 1
N-APM 1
N-ASM 2
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 1
N-APM 1
N-ASM 2
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 1
NA WH
N-APM 1
N-ASM 2
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 1
N-APM 1
N-ASM 3
N-NPM 1
N-NSM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

λειτουργ-ός, ὁ,

(λήϊτος, ἔργον)

I one who performed a λειτουργία (q.v.), POxy. 82.3 (iii A.D.), etc.; λ. τῶν ἐν παισὶ λειτουργιῶν CIG 2881.13, cf. 2882, 2886 (Branchidae).

II

1. public servant, ἡ στάσις τῶν λ. [τοῦ Σαλομῶνος ] LXX 1 Kings 10:5; of workmen, carpenters, etc., οἰκοδόμοι καὶ λ. PPetr. 3p.139 (iii B.C.), cf. Plb. 3.93.5; at Magnesia, an official of the γερουσία, Inscr.Magn. 116.17; = Lat. lictor, Plu. Rom. 26: metaph., λ. τῆς χρείας μου ministering to my need, Philippians 2:25.

2. private servant, LXX 2 Samuel 13:18.

III in religioussense, minister, [ θεοῦ ] ib. Psalms 103:21(102).21, Romans 13:6, al.; τῶν θεῶν D.H. 2.22, cf. 73; τῶν ἁγίων λ. Hebrews 8:2; θεοῖς λιτουργοί (sic) REt.Anc. 32.5 (Athens, i B.C.); attendant at sacrifices, acolyte, IG 3.1005, al. Astrol., λειτουργοί, οἱ, astral gods subordinate to the δεκανοί, Iamb. Myst. 9.2, Firm. 2.4.4, Mart.Cap. 2.200.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

λειτουργός, λειτουργου, (from ἘΡΓΩ i. e. ἐργάζομαι, and unused λεῖτοσ῟ equivalent to ληιτος equivalent to δημοσις public, belonging to the state (Hesychius), and this from λεώς Attic for λαός), the Sept. for מְשָׁרֵת (Piel participle of שָׁרַת);

1. a public minister; a servant of the state: τῆς πόλεως, Inscriptions; of the lictors, Plutarch, Rom. 26; (it has not yet been found in its primary and proper sense, of one who at Athens assumes a public office to be administered at his own expense (cf. Liddell and Scott, under the word I.); see λειτουργέω).

2. universally, a minister, servant: so of military laborers, often in Polybius; of the servants of a king, 1 Esdr. 10:5; Sir. 10:2; (of Joshua, Joshua 1:1 Alex.; universally, 2 Samuel 13:18 (cf. 2 Samuel 13:17)); of the servants of the priests, joined with ὑπηρέται, Dionysius Halicarnassus, Antiquities 2, 73; τῶν ἁγίων, of the temple, i. e. one busied with holy things, of a priest, Hebrews 8:2, cf. (Philo, alleg. leg. iii. § 46); Nehemiah 10:39; Sir. 7:30; τῶν θεῶν, of heathen priests, Dionysius Halicarnassus 2, 22 cf. 73; Plutarch, mor., p. 417 a.; Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, of Paul likening himself to a priest, Romans 15:16; plural τοῦ Θεοῦ, those by whom God administers his affairs and executes his decrees: so of magistrates, Romans 13:6; of angels, Hebrews 1:7 from Psalm 103:4 () (cf. Philo de caritat. § 3); τῆς χάριτος τοῦ Θεοῦ, those whose ministry the grace of God made use of for proclaiming to men the necessity of repentance, as Noah, Jonah: Clement of Rome, 1 Cor. 8, 1 [ET] cf. c. 7 [ET]; τόν ἀπόστολον καί λειτουργόν ὑμῶν τῆς χρείας μου, by whom ye have sent to me those things which may minister to my needs, Philippians 2:25.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

λειτουργός , -οῦ ,

(< λιός , ἔργον ),

[in LXX chiefly for H8334, Joshua 1:1 A, 1 Kings 10:5, Psalms 103:21, Sirach 7:30, al.;]

1. in cl., one who discharges a public office at his own expense, then, generally,

2. a public servant, a minister, servant: τ . ἁγίων λ ., Hebrews 8:2 (cf. Nehemiah 10:39, Sir, l.c.); Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ , Romans 15:16; pl., τ . θεοῦ , Romans 13:6, Hebrews 1:7 (LXX); λ . ὑμῶν τ . χρείας μου , Philippians 2:25.†

SYN.: see διάκονος G1249, λειτουργέω G3008.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

λειτουργός in the Ptolemaic period is often simply a ";workman,"; as in Polybius, e.g. P Petr III. 46 (3).5 (iii/B.C.) οἰκοδόμοις καὶ λειτουργοῖς, accounts in connexion with the erection of buildings, but cf. P Hib I. 96.14 (B.C. 259) where it is used of a military settler perhaps, as the editors suggest, because he had some special duties assigned to him. In P Oxy XII. 1412.20 (c. A.D. 284) we hear of a special meeting of the Senate of Oxyrhynchus—ψ ]η ̣ϕ ̣ι ̣σ ̣α ̣σ ̣θαί τ ̣ε ̣ τὰς ̣ [τ ]ῶν λ [ιτ ]ουργῶν χειρο ̣[τ ]ο ̣[ν ]ίας, ";to vote upon the election of those who are to serve,"; in connexion with the transport of corn for the troops : cf. the report of similar proceedings in ib. 1415.10 f. (late iii/A.D.) οἱ βουλευταὶ εἶπ (ονἈριστί ]ων ὅταν ̣ ε ̣̀λ ̣θ ̣η ̣ ὁλοκληρήσει, λειτουργὸς ἦν ὁλοκληρῶν Ἀριστίων. ὁ πρύτανις <εἶπ (εν)>· δότε τοὺς [λειτο ]υργούς, ἵνα [μὴ ἐμποδίζηται, ";the senators said, ‘Aristion, when he comes, will prosper; a prosperous public servant was Aristion.’ The prytanis said, ‘Appoint the persons to office, in order that there may be no delay’"; (Edd.), and for the inscrr. see CIG II. 2881.12, 2882.6, 2886.1. With this sense of a public servant cf. LXX Joshua 1:1 A, 3 Kings 10:5 [MT 1 Kings 10:5], and for a religious sense see Nehemiah 10:39, Isaiah 61:6, Romans 13:6 al.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έλειξαν λείξουσι λείξουσιν λειτουργοι λειτουργοί λειτουργοὶ λειτουργοίς λειτουργον λειτουργόν λειτουργὸν λειτουργος λειτουργός λειτουργὸς λειτουργους λειτουργούς λειτουργοὺς λειτουργών λειχήν λειχήνας λεκάνη leitourgoi leitourgoì leitourgon leitourgòn leitourgos leitourgòs leitourgous leitourgoùs
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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