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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3361 - μή

Word Origin
a primary particle of qualified negation (whereas (3756) expresses an absolute denial)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. no, not lest
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (673) NAS (148) HCS (1019)
Matthew 71
Mark 32
Luke 85
John 49
Acts 50
Romans 54
1 Corinthians 52
2 Corinthians 25
Galatians 14
Ephesians 13
Philippians 4
Colossians 10
1 Thessalonians 10
2 Thessalonians 9
1 Timothy 17
2 Timothy 3
Titus 7
Hebrews 26
James 19
1 Peter 13
2 Peter 4
1 John 14
2 John 3
3 John 2
Jude 3
Revelation 13
Matthew 29
Mark 18
Luke 24
John 42
Acts 12
Romans 19
1 Corinthians 23
2 Corinthians 8
Galatians 6
Ephesians 4
Philippians 1
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 4
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 3
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 12
James 4
1 Peter 2
2 Peter 3
Jude 1
Revelation 8
Matthew 126
Mark 76
Luke 139
John 115
Acts 60
Romans 79
1 Corinthians 96
2 Corinthians 44
Galatians 21
Ephesians 16
Philippians 6
Colossians 10
1 Thessalonians 14
2 Thessalonians 11
1 Timothy 24
2 Timothy 4
Titus 14
Philemon 2
Hebrews 39
James 24
1 Peter 14
2 Peter 6
1 John 20
2 John 5
3 John 2
Jude 3
Revelation 49
PRT-N 1040
PRT-N 951
PRT-N 1034
ADV 864
P-AP 1
PRT 42
V-AAI-3S 1
V-PPD-2P 1
PRT-N 1130

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Elean μά [] SIG 9.5 (Olympia, vi B.C.). (Cf. Skt. mâ´, Arm. mi [from I.- E. mç´ ], negative used in prohibitions): not, the negative of the will and thought, as οὐ of fact and statement; μή rejects, οὐ denies; μή is relative, οὐ absolute; μή subjective, οὐ objective. (A few examples of μηδέ and μηδείς have been included.) in

INDEPENDENT sentences, used in expressions of will or wish, command, entreaty, warning,

1 with pres. imper., 2 pers., μή μ' ἐρέθιζε Il. 1.32, al.; 3 pers., μή μευ πειράτω 9.345, etc.: rarely with aor. imper., μὴ.. ἔνθεο τιμῇ 4.410, cf. Od. 24.248; in Att., μὴ ψεῦσον, ὦ Ζεῦ, τῆς.. ἐλπίδος Ar. Th. 870; 3 pers., μή τις ἀκουσάτω Od. 16.301, cf. Pi. O. 8.55, P. 5.23, A. Th. 1041, S. Aj. 1180; μηδεὶς νομισάτω, προσδοκησάτω X. Cyr. 7.5.73, Pl. Revelation 17:1-18 c: with pf. imper. 3 pers., μή τις ὀπίσσω τετράφθω Il. 12.272; or 2 pers. when pf. = pres., μὴ κεκράγετε Ar. V. 415.

2. with subj. (usu. 2 pers. of aor.), in prohibitions, μὴ δή με.. ἐάσῃς Il. 5.684, cf. A. Pr. 583 (lyr.), al.; μή τοί με κρύψῃς τοῦτο ib. 625, cf. S. Ph. 470; μὴ φθονήσῃς Pl. Prt. 320c: coupled with pres. imper., μὴ βοηθήσητε τῷ πεπονθότι δεινά, μὴ εὐορκεῖτε D. 21.211; 3 pers., μὴ.. γένηται Il. 4.37, cf. Od. 22.213; μὴ ματεύσῃ θεὸς γενέσθαι Pi. O. 5.24: rarely, if ever, with 2 pers. pres. subj., μὴ κάμνῃς E. IA 1143 (leg. κάμῃς); 3 pers., μή τις οἴηται, = μὴ οἰώμεθα, Pl. Lg. 861e: also with the hortative subj. used to supply the 1 pers. of the imper., pres. μὴ ἴομεν (ἴωμεν) Il. 12.216, etc.; μὴ διώκωμεν Hdt. 8.109, etc.: aor. μὴ πάθωμεν X. Cyr. 1.5.11, etc.: rarely with 1 sg., μή σε.. κιχείω Il. 1.26, cf. 21.475, 22.123, S. OC 174 (anap.). with pres. or aor. subj. in a warning or statement of fear, μὴ.. γένησθε take care you do not become, Il. 5.487; μὴ.. ὑφαίνῃσιν I fear.. may prove to be weaving, Od. 5.356; αἷμα μὴ σοῖς ἐξομόρξωμαι πέπλοις E. HF 1399: in Att. Prose, to make a polite suggestion of apprehension or hesitation, perhaps, μὴ ἀγροικότερον ᾖ τὸ ἀληθὲς εἰπεῖν Pl. Grg. 462e, cf. Tht. 188d, Arist. Pol. 1291a8, al.: in later Greek the ind. is found, μὴ ἡ ἔννοια ἡμῶν.. ἀντιλαμβάνεται Dam. Proverbs 20:1-30.

3. with fut. ind., a dub. usage (νεμεσήσετ ' is subj. in Il. 15.115), μηδεμίαν ἄδειαν δώσετε Lys. 29.13; μὴ βουλήσεσθε (Pap. βούλη[σθ]ε) D. 23.117; cf. μαλακὸν ἐνδώσετε μηδέν Ar. Pl. 488.

4. with past tenses of ind. to express an unfulfilled wish, μὴ ὄφελες λίσσεσθαι Il. 9.698, cf. Od. 11.548; μή ποτ' ὤφελον λιπεῖν τὴν Σκῦρον S. Ph. 969; εἴθε μή ποτ' εἰδόμαν Id. OT 1217 (lyr.), cf. E. IA 70, Cyc. 186, X. Cyr. 4.6.3.

5. with opt. to express a negative wish, with pres., ἃ μὴ κραίνοι τύχη A. Th. 426, cf. Eu. 938 (lyr.): more freq. with aor., μὴ σέ γ' ἐν ἀμφιάλῳ Ἰθάκῃ βασιλῆα Κρονίων ποιήσειεν Od. 1.386, cf. 403, 11.613.

6. in oaths and asseverations, ἴστω Ζεὺς.., μὴ μὲν τοῖς ἵπποισιν ἀνὴρ ἐποχήσεται ἄλλος Il. 10.330; ἴστω νῦν τόδε Γαῖα.., μὴ.. Ποσειδάων.. πημαίνει Τρῶας 15.41; μὰ τὴν Ἀφροδίτην.., μὴ ἐγώ σ' ἀφήσω Ar. Ec. 1000, cf. Av. 195, Lys. 917.

7. c. inf., when used as imper., μὴ δή μοι ἀπόπροθεν ἰσχέμεν ἵππους Il. 17.501; μὴ πρὶν ἐπ' ἠέλιον δῦναι 2.413; οἷς μὴ πελάζειν A. Pr. 712.

8. freq. without a Verb, εἰ χρή, θανοῦμαι. Answ. μὴ σύ γε (sc. θάνῃς) S. OC 1441; ἄπελθε νῦν. Answ. μὴ (sc. γενέσθω) ἀλλά nay but, Ar. Ach. 458; in curt expressions, μὴ τριβὰς ἔτι (sc. ποιεῖσθε) S. Ant. 577; μή μοι σύ none of that to me! E. Med. 964; μή μοι πρόφασιν no excuses! Ar. Ach. 345; μή μοί γε μύθους Id. V. 1179.

in DEPENDENT clauses:

1 with Final Conjs., ἵνα μή Il. 19.348, etc.; ὅπως μή D. 27.5,al.; ὡς μή Il. 8.37, A. Pr. 53,al.; ὄφρα μή Il. 1.118,al.: with ὅπως ἄν and ὡς ἄν, that so, ὅπως ἂν.. μηδέ Ar. V. 178, Pl. Grg. 481a; ὡς ἂν μή Od. 4.749, Hdt. 1.5; but μή alone, = ἵνα μή, lest, ἀπόστιχε μή τινοήσῃ Ἥρη Il. 1.522, cf. 587; λίσσεσθαι.., μή οἱ.. χολώσαιτο φρένα κούρη Od. 6.147: fut. ind. and aor. subj. in consecutive clauses, Ar. Ec. 495 (lyr., dub.l.).

2. in the protasis of conditional sentences, v. εἰ (for the exceptions v. οὐ), and with temporal conjunctions used conditionally, v. ἐπειδάν, ὅταν, ὅτε, etc. ὅτι μή except, ὅτι μὴ Χῖοι μοῦνοι Hdt. 1.18, cf. Th. 4.26; ὅτι μὴ πᾶσα ἀνάγκη Pl. Phd. 67a; ὅσον μή ib. 83a; ὅσα μὴ ἀποβαίνοντες provided only that they did not disembark, Th. 4.16.

3. in later Gr., with causal Conjs., ὁ μὴ πιστεύων ἤδη κέκριται, ὅτι μὴ πεπίστευκεν John 3:18, cf. Luc. DMort. 21.2, D Deor. 2.1; ἐπεὶ μή Id. Hist.Conscr. 3, etc.: also after ὅτι and ὡς that, ὅτι μὴ ἐστὶν ἐπίπεδος οὕτως ἂν καταμάθοιμεν Cleom. 1.8, cf. Luc. Hist.Conscr. 29, DDeor. 20.10.

4. in relat. clauses, which imply a condition or generality, ὃς δὲ μὴ εἶδέ κω τὴν κανναβίδα whoever.., Hdt. 4.74; ὃ μὴ κελεύσει (fort. κελεύσαι) Ζεύς such a thing as.., A. Eu. 618, cf. 661, 899; λέγονθ' ἃ μὴ δεῖ such things as one ought not, S. Ph. 583; λόγοις τοιούτοις οἷς σὺ μὴ τέρψῃ κλύων Id. Ant. 691; ὅπου μὴ ἠθέλησεν Antipho 1.7: freq. with subj., ᾧ μὴ ἄλλοι ἀοσσητῆρες ἔωσιν Od. 4.165, al.: with ἄν, S. OT 281: with opt., ἃ μὴ σαφῶς εἰδείη X. Cyr. 1.6.19, etc.: less freq. with opt. and ἄν, Pl. Phlb. 20a, Lg. 839a; γένοιτο δ' ἂν ἐν ᾗ μή τι ἂν προσδοκήσειεν χώρᾳ ib. 872d.

5. c. inf., regularlyfrom Homer on, exc. after Verbs of saying and thinking (but v. infr. c): after ὥστε or ὡς, ὥστε μὴ φρονεῖν A. Pers. 725 (troch.), etc. (for exceptions v. οὐ): always when the inf. takes the Art., τὸ μὴ προμαθεῖν Pi. O. 8.60; τὸ μὴ ἀμελεῖν μάθε A. Eu. 86, cf. 749, Pr. 624; λείπομαι ἐν τῷ μὴ δύνασθαι S. OC 496. by an apparent pleonasm after Verbs of negative result signifying to forbid, deny, and the like, ὁ δ' ἀναίνετο μηδὲν ἑλέσθαι Il. 18.500 (without μή ib. 450); ἀντιδικεῖν Lys. 6.12 (μηδέν) ; ἀντιλέγειν Th. 5.49, Isa 4.15 (μηδέ) ; ἀπαγορεύειν Antipho 5.34, And. 4.9; ἀπειπεῖν Ar. Av. 557, D. 33.19, etc.; ἀπαυδᾶν Ar. Eq. 1072; ἀπείργειν E. Hel. 1559, al. (without μή S. Aj. 70); ἀπιστεῖν Th. 4.40; ἀπεγνωκέναι Lys. 1.34; ἀποστερεῖσθαι Antipho 2.4.1 (μηδέ) ; ἀποτρέπεσθαι Id. 5.32 (μηδέν) ; ἀρνεῖσθαι, ἔξαρνος εἶναι, Ar. Eq. 572, Hdt. 3.67; ἐναντιωθῆναι Pl. Ap. 32b; σχεῖν Hdt. 1.158; παύειν (where the part. is more freq.) Ar. Ach. 634; κωλῦσαι E. Ph. 1269; ἐπάρατον ἦν μὴ οἰκεῖν Th. 2.17: in these cases the Art. freq. precedes μή, τὸ δὲ μὴ λεηλατῆσαι.. ἔσχε τόδε Hdt. 5.101; ἐξομῇ τὸ μὴ εἰδέναι; S. Ant. 535; εἴργειν τὸ μή.. Th. 3.1, etc.; also ἀπέφυγε τὰ σφῷν τὸ μὴ πίτνειν κακῶς S. OC 1740 (lyr.): with Art. in gen., ἔχειν τοῦ μή.. X. An. 3.5.71; ἐμποδὼν γίγνεσθαι τοῦ μή.. Id. Cyr. 2.4.23. after Verbs of saying and thinking which involve an action of will, as in those signifying to swear, aver, believe, and the like; so after ὄμνυμι, Il. 9.133, Od. 5.179, Hdt. 1.165, 2.179, Ar. V. 1047, etc.; μαρτυρῶ Lys. 7.11, D. 45.15, etc.; ὁμολογῶ Pl. Prt. 336b, Smp. 202b, cf. Phd. 93d, etc.; ἐγγυῶμαι Pi. O. 11(10).18, Pl. Prt. 336d; πέπεισμαι Id. Ap. 37a, etc.; πιστεύω And. 1.2, X. An. 1.9.8, etc.: occasionally with other Verbs, φημί Id. Mem. 1.2.39, Pl. Tht. 155a; λέγω, προλέγω, Th. 5.49, 1.139; πάντες ἐροῦσι μή.. X. Cyr. 7.1.18; νομίζω ib. 7.5.59, Th. 6.102; ἡγοῦμαι Pl. Ap. 27d: very freq. in later Gr., Matthew 2:12, Luc. Peregr. 44, etc.

6. with the part., when it can be resolved into a conditional clause, μὴ ἐνείκας, = εἰ μὴ ἤνεικε, Hdt. 4.64; μὴ θέλων, = εἰ μὴ θέλεις, A. Pr. 504; μὴ δολώσαντος θεοῦ, = εἰ μὴ ἐδόλωσε, Id. Ag. 273; μὴ δρῶν, = εἰ μὴ δρῴην, S. OT 77, etc.: in a general or characteristic sense, δίδασκέ με ὡς μὴ εἰδότα, = ut qui nihil sciam, Id. OC 1155, cf. Ant. 1063, 1064; τίς πρὸς ἀνδρὸς μὴ βλέποντος ἄρκεσις; one who sees not, Id. OC 73: in this signf. freq. with the Art., ὁ μὴ λεύσσων Id. Tr. 828 (lyr.); ὁ μὴ δουλεύσας Pl. Lg. 762e; τῷ μὴ εἰργασμένῳ Antipho 5.65; τὸν.. μὴ φροντίσαντα Lycurg. 27, cf. 45, etc.: with causal significance, μὴ παρὼν θαυμάζεται S. OT 289, etc.; ἄθλια πάσχω μὴ.. μόνον βιαζόμενος Antipho 2.2.4; ἑτέρας μηδεμιᾶς ὁμολογουμένης εἶναι Isaiah 5:16; μηδενὸς ἐμποδὼν ὄντος D. 3.8: very freq. in later Greek, POxy. 38.16 (i A.D.), Luc. DMeretr. 12.4, etc.: occasionally after Verbs of knowing and showing, S. Ph. 79, OC 656, 797, 1122, E. Tr. 970, Th. 1.76, 2.17.

7. with Substs., Adjs., and Advbs. used generically, with or without Art., τὰ μὴ δίκαια A. Eu. 432; δίκαια καὶ μὴ δίκαια Id. Ch. 78 (lyr.); τὸ μὴ 'νδικον S. OT 682 (lyr.); τὸ μὴ καλόν Id. Ant. 370 (lyr.); ἡ μὴ 'μπειρία, = τὸ μὴ ἔχειν ἐμπειρίαν, want of experience, Ar. Ec. 115; ἡ μὴ ἐπιτροπή Pl. Lg. 966c; δῆμον καὶ μὴ δῆμον ib. 759b; ὁ μὴ ἰατρός Id. Grg. 459b; νίκης μὴ κακῆς A. Eu. 903, cf. Th. 411; τῷ φρονοῦντι μὴ καλῶς Id. Pr. 1012, cf. Ag. 349, 927.

8. after Verbs expressing fear or apprehension (cf. μὴ οὐ): when the thing feared is fut., mostly with subj.: with pres. subj., δεινῶς ἀθυμῶ μὴ βλέπων ὁ μάντις ᾖ shall proveto be.., S. OT 747, cf. Ant. 1113; ὅρα μὴ κυβεύῃς Pl. Prt. 314a: more freq. with aor., δείδοικα.. μή σε παρείπῃ Il. 1.555, cf. 9.244, 13.745: with pf., shall prove to have been, δέδοικα μὴ περαιτέρω πεπραγμέν' ᾖ μοι S. Tr. 663, cf. Ph. 494, Hdt. 3.119, 4.140, etc.: less freq. with fut. ind., X. Cyr. 2.3.6, Ar. Ec. 488, Pl. Phlb. 13a: with opt. according to the sequence of moods and tenses: pres. opt., S. Tr. 482, X. An. 1.10.9: aor., Od. 11.634, etc.: pf., X. Cyr. 1.3.10: with fut. opt. in oratio obliqua, Id. HG 6.4.27, Mem. 1.2.7, Pl. Euthphr. 15d: with opt. and ἄν, S. Tr. 631, X. vect. 4.41. when the action is pres. or past, the ind. is used, εἰσόρα μὴ σκῆψιν οὐκ οὖσαν τίθης S. El. 584, cf. E. Ion 1523, Ar. Nu. 493, Pl. La. 196c; ὅρα μὴ παίζων ἔλεγεν Id. Tht. 145b, cf. E. Hel. 119; φοβούμεθα μὴ ἀμφοτέρων ἡμαρτήκαμεν Th. 3.53, cf. E. Or. 209, Pl. Ly. 218d; δείδω μὴ δὴ πάντα θεὰ νημερτέα εἶπεν Od. 5.300. with ind. and subj. in consecutive clauses, E. Ph. 93. in


I direct questions,

1 with ind., where aneg. answer is anticipated (but more generally in A. Ag. 683 (lyr.), S. OC 1502, Tr. 316, Pl. Grg. 488b), in Hom. only ἦ μή..; Od. 6.200, 9.405; μή σοι δοκοῦμεν..; A. Pers. 344, cf. Pr. 249, 959, etc.: in Trag. and Att. freq. ἆρα μή; Id. Th. 208, S. El. 446, Pl. R. 405a: for questions in which μή (μηδέ) follows οὐ, v. οὐ μή. in other questions, τί μὴ ποιήσω; what am I not to do? S. El. 1276 (lyr.); τί μή; why not? Id.Aj.668 (s.v.l.); cf. μήν.

2. with subj., when the speaker deliberates about a neg. action, μὴ οὕτω φῶμεν; Pl.R.335c, cf. 337b, 417b; ὁ τοιοῦτος μὴ δῷ δίκην; D.21.35; πῶς μὴ φῶμεν; Pl.Tht.161e: with opt. and ἄν, τῶς ἄν τις μὴ θυμῷ λέγοι; how can a man help being excited when he speaks? Id.Lg.887c, cf. Grg.510d, X.Mem.3.1.10.


1. indirect questions, freq. where fear is implied (cf. b. 8), ἄφρα ἴδωμεν μὴ τοὶ κοιμήσωνται Il.10.98, cf. 101, Od.21.395; εἰσόμεσθα μή τι.. καλύπτει S.Ant.1253, cf. Th.2.13, etc.; also σκοπεῖσθαι τῶς ἂν μή.. Isoc.5.8, cf. 15.6; later in simple indirect quesitons, ἐπυνθάνετο μὴ ἔγνω Ant.Lib.23.5.

2. in questions introduced by εἰ, ἤρετό με.. εἰ μὴ μέμνημαι Aeschin.2.36 (εἰ οὐκ in same sense, 1.84): in the second part of a disjunctive question, εἰ.. (or εἴτε) μή.., εἴτε.. εἴτε μή.., A.Eu.468, 612, And.1.7, Pl.Revelation 18:1-24 a, R.457d, X.Cyr.2.1.7; εἴτε.. εἴτε μή.., εἰ.. ἢ οὔ, εἰ.. ἢ μή without difference of meaning between μή and οὺ, Isaiah 8:9; so also, τοὺς νόμους καταμανθάνειν εἰ καλῶς κεῖνται ἢ μή,.. τοὺς λόγους, εἰ ὀρθῶς διδάσκουσι τὸ πρᾶγμα ἢ οὔ Antipho 5.14.


1. of μή. When the neg. extends its power over the whole clause, μή prop. precedes the Verb. When its force is limited to single words, it precedes those words. But Poets sts. put μή after the Verb, ὄλοιο μή πω S.Ph.961; φράσῃς.. μὴ πέρα ib.332, cf. OC1522.

2. μή is sts. repeated, cf. οὐ C μή, μή καλέσῃς Ar.V.1418, cf. S.Aj.190, OC210 (both lyr.).


in Trag. μή may be joined by synizesis with a following ει or ου, μὴ οὐ, μὴ εἰδέναι, S.OT13, 221, Tr.321, etc.: initial ε after μή is cut off by aphaeresis, μὴ ʼπόθουν Id.Aj.962; μὴ ʼμβαίνῃς Id.OC400; μὴ ʼγώ Id.Ph.910: in Prose, μὴ ʼκ IG1.115.11: μή folld. by α is sts. written μἀ.. (v. μὴ ἀλλά, etc.); sts. separately, μὴ ἀδικεῖν A.Eu.85, etc. μή in

Composition, or joined with other Particles, as μὴ ἀλλά, μὴ γάρ, μὴ οὐ, μὴ ὅπως or ὅτι, μή ποτε, etc., will be found in alphabetical order.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μή, the Sept. for אַל, אַיִן, אֵין, a particle of negation, which differs from οὐ (which is always an adverb) in that οὐ denies the thing itself (or to speak technically, denies simply, absolutely, categorically, directly, objectively), but μή denies the thought of the thing, or the thing according to the judgment, opinion, will, purpose, preference, of someone (hence, as we say technically, indirectly, hypothetically, subjectively). This distinction holds also of the compounds οὐδείς, μηδείς, οὐκέτι, μηκέτι, etc. But μή is either an adverb of negation, not (Latinnon, ne); or a conjunction, that ... not, lest (Latinne); or an interrogative particle (Latinnum) (i. e. (generally) implying a neg. ans.; in indirect question, whether not (suggesting apprehension)). Cf. Herm. ad Vig. § 267, p. 802ff; Matthiae, § 608; Alexander Buttmann (1873) Gram. § 148 (cf. Alex. Alexander Buttmann (1873) N. T. Gr., p. 344 (296ff)); Kühner, ii. § 512f, p. 739ff; (Jelf, § 738ff); Rost § 135; Winer's § 55, 56; F. Franke, De particulis negantibus (two commentaries) Rintel. 1832f; G. F. Gayler, Particularum Graeci sermonis negativarum accurata disputatio, etc. Tub. 1836; E. Prüfer, De μή et οὐ particulis epitome. Vratisl. 1836; (Gildersleeve in American Jour. of Philol. vol. i. no. i., p. 45ff; Jebb in Vincent and Dickson's Handbook to Modern Greek, 2nd edition, Appendix, § 82ff).

I. As a negative adverb;

1. universally: μή πάρεστι ταῦτα, where μή is used because reference is made merely to the thought that there are those who lack these things, 2 Peter 1:9; μή ἑώρακεν, which (in my opinion) he hath not seen (because they are not visible), Colossians 2:18 (but here G T Tr WH omit; L brackets μή; cf. Lightfoot at the passage; Winer's Grammar, 480f (448)); ἤδη κέκριται, ὅτι μή πεπίστευκεν, because he hath not believed, represented by the writer as the thought τοῦ κρίναντος, John 3:18 (differently in 1 John 5:10, where the faith denied is considered as something positive and actual); μή δεῖ, in the judgment of the writer, Titus 1:11.

2. in deliberative questions with the subjunctive: δῶμεν μή δῶμεν, Mark 12:14 (πότερον βίαν φωμεν μή φωμεν εἶναι, Xenophon, mem. 1, 2, 45); μή ποιήσωμεν τά κακά (for so it would have run had there been no anacoluthon; but Paul by the statement which he interposes is drawn away from the construction with which he began, and proceeds ὅτι ποιήσωμεν κτλ., so that these words depend on λέγειν in the intervening statement (Winers Grammar, 628 (583); Buttmann, § 141, 3)), Romans 3:8.

3. in conditional and final sentences (cf. Winers Grammar, § 55, 2; (Buttmann, 344ff (296ff)): ἐάν μή, unless, if not, see examples in ἐάν, I. 3 c. ἐάν etc. καί μή, Mark 12:19; ἐάν etc. δέ μή, James 2:14; ἐάν τίς ἴδῃ ... μή πρός θάνατον, 1 John 5:16; εἰ μή, εἰ δέ μή, εἰ δέ μήγε, etc., see εἰ, III., p. 171f. To this head belong the formulae that have ἄν or ἐάν as a modifier (Winers Grammar, § 55, 3 e.; (Buttmann, § 148, 4)), ὅς, ὅστις, ὅσοι ἄν or ἐάν μή: Matthew 10:14; Matthew 11:6; Mark 6:11; Mark 10:15; Luke 7:23; Luke 9:5; Luke 18:17; Revelation 13:15; ὅς ἄν etc. καί μή, Mark 11:23; Luke 10:10; ὅς ἄν ... μή ἐπί πορνεία, Matthew 19:9 G T Tr WH text; of the same sort is πᾶν πνεῦμα, μή ὁμολογεῖ, 1 John 4:3. ἵνα μή, Matthew 7:1; Matthew 17:27; Mark 3:9; Romans 11:25; Galatians 5:17; Galatians 6:12, etc.; ἵνα ... καί μή, Matthew 5:29; Mark 4:12; John 6:50; John 11:50; 2 Corinthians 4:7, etc.; ἵνα ... μή, 2 Corinthians 13:10; ἵνα ... μή, John 12:46; ἵνα (weakened; see ἵνα, II. 2) μή: after διαστέλλομαι (here L WH text ἐπιτιμάω), Matthew 16:20; τό θέλημα ἐστιν, ἵνα μή, John 6:39; οὕτως etc. ἵνα ... μή, John 3:16; παρακαλῶ, ἵνα ... καί μή, 1 Corinthians 1:10; ὅπως μή, Matthew 6:18; Acts 20:16; 1 Corinthians 1:29; ὅπως οἱ ... μή, Luke 16:26.

4. joined with the infinitive (Winers Grammar, § 55, 4f.; (Buttmann, §§ 140, 16; 148, 6; cf. Prof. Gildersleeve as above, p. 48f));

a. after verbs of saying, declaring, denying, commanding, etc.: ἀποκριθῆναι, Luke 20:7; ἦν αὐτῷ κεχρηματισμένον μή ἰίδειν, that he should not see, Luke 2:26; χρηματισθέντες μή ἀνακάμψαι, Matthew 2:12; ὤμοσε (αὐτοῖς) μή εἰσελεύσεσθαι, Hebrews 3:18; after λέγω, Matthew 5:34, 39; Matthew 22:23; Mark 12:18; Acts 21:4; Acts 23:8; Romans 2:22; Romans 12:3; κηρύσσω, Romans 2:21; γράφω, 1 Corinthians 5:9, 11; παραγγέλλω, Acts 1:4; Acts 4:18; Acts 5:28, 40; 1 Corinthians 7:10; 1 Timothy 1:3; 1 Timothy 6:17; παρακαλῶ, Acts 9:38 R G; ; 2 Corinthians 6:1; αἰτοῦμαι, Ephesians 3:13; διαμαρτύρομαι, 2 Timothy 2:14; εὔχομαι, 2 Corinthians 13:7; παραιτοῦμαι, Hebrews 12:19 (here WH text omits μή; cf. Winers Grammar, and Buttmann, as below); ἀξιῶ, Acts 15:38; ἐπιβόω (L T Tr WH βόω), Acts 25:24; ἀντιλέγω (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 65, 2 β.; (Buttmann, § 148, 13)), Luke 20:27 (Tr WH L marginal reading λέγω); ἀπαρνοῦμαι (which see), Luke 22:34; also after verbs of deciding: Luke 21:14; κρίνω, Acts 15:19; κρίνω τοῦτο, τό μή, Romans 14:13; 2 Corinthians 2:1; θέλω, Romans 13:3; after verbs of hindering, avoiding, etc.: ἐγκόπτω (Res. ἀνακόπτω) τινα μή, Galatians 5:7 (cf. Winers Grammar, (and Buttmann, as above; also § 140, 16)); τοῦ μή, that ... not (Latinne), after κατέχω, Luke 4:42; κρατοῦμαι, Luke 24:16; κωλύω, Acts 10:47; καταπαύω, Acts 14:18; παύω, 1 Peter 3:10; ὑποστέλλομαι, Acts 20:20, 27; προσέχω μή, Matthew 6:1; but τοῦ μή is added also to other expressions in the sense of Latinut ne, that ... not: Romans 7:3; ὀφθαλμοί τοῦ μή βλέπειν, ὦτα τοῦ μή ἀκούειν, Romans 11:8, 10. After clauses denoting necessity, advantage, power, fitness, μή is used with an infinitive specifying the thing (Buttmann, § 148, 6), καλόν ἐστι μή, 1 Corinthians 7:1; Galatians 4:18; followed by τό μή, Romans 14:21; ἄλογον μή, Acts 25:27; κρεῖττον ἦν, 2 Peter 2:21; ἐξουσία τοῦ (L T Tr WH omit τοῦ) μή ἐργάζεσθαι, a right to forbear working, 1 Corinthians 9:6; δεῖ, Acts 27:21; οὐ δύναμαι μή, I cannot but, Acts 4:20; ἀνένδεκτόν ἐστι τοῦ μή, Luke 17:1 (cf. ἀνένδεκτος).

b. μή with an infinitive which has the article follows a preposition, to indicate the purpose or end: as, πρός τό μή, that ... not, 2 Corinthians 3:13; 1 Thessalonians 2:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:8; εἰς τό μή (Latinin id ... ne), to the end (or intent) that ... not, Acts 7:19; 1 Corinthians 10:6; 2 Corinthians 4:4; followed by an accusative and infinitive, 2 Thessalonians 2:2; 1 Peter 3:7; διά τό μή, because ... not, Matthew 13:5; Mark 4:5; Luke 8:6; James 4:2 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 482 (449)) (2 Macc. 4:19).

c. in other expressions where an infinitive with the article is used substantively: τῷ μή (dative of the cause or reason (cf. Winers Grammar, § 44, 5; Buttmann, 264 (227))), 2 Corinthians 2:13 (12); in the accusative, τό μή: Romans 14:13; 1 Corinthians 4:6 (R G); 2 Corinthians 2:1; 2 Corinthians 10:2; 1 Thessalonians 4:6, cf. 3.

d. in sentences expressing consequence or result: ὥστε μή, so that ... not, Matthew 8:28; Mark 3:20; 1 Corinthians 1:7; 2 Corinthians 3:7; 1 Thessalonians 1:8.

5. μή is joined with a participle (Winers Grammar, § 50, 5 g.; (Buttmann, § 148, 7; see C. J. Vaughan's Commentary on Romans 2:14)), a. in sentences expressing a command, exhortation, purpose, etc.: Luke 3:11; John 9:39; Acts 15:38; Acts 20:29; Romans 8:4; Romans 14:3; 2 Corinthians 12:21; Ephesians 5:27; Philippians 1:28; Philippians 2:4 (here Rec. imperative); 1 Thessalonians 4:5; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; 1 Peter 2:16; Hebrews 6:1; Hebrews 13:17, etc.

b. in general sentences, in which no definite person is meant but it is merely assumed that there is someone of the character denoted by the participle: as μή ὤν μετ' ἐμοῦ, he that is not on roy side, whoever he is, or if there is any such person, Matthew 12:30; Luke 11:23; δέ μή πιστεύων, whoever believeth not, John 3:18; οἱ μή ὁμολογοῦντες Ἰησοῦν Χριστόν if any do not confess, or belong to the class that do not confess, 2 John 1:7; add, Matthew 10:28; Luke 6:49; Luke 12:21, 47; Luke 22:36; John 5:23; John 10:1; John 12:48; John 14:24; Romans 4:5; Romans 5:14; Romans 10:20; 1 Corinthians 7:38; 1 Corinthians 11:22; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; James 2:13; 1 John 2:4, etc.; πᾶς μή, Matthew 7:26; (πᾶν δένδρον μή, Matthew 3:10; Matthew 7:19); 1 John 3:10; 2 John 9; 2 Thessalonians 2:12 (here L marginal reading T Tr WH marginal reading ἅπαντες οἱ μή etc.); μακάριος μή, John 20:29; Romans 14:22.

c. where, indeed, a definite person or thing is referred to, but in such a way that his (its) quality or action (indicated by the participle) is denied in the thought or judgment either of the writer or of some other person (cf. especially Winer's Grammar, 484 (451)): τά μή ὄντα, that are deemed as nothing, 1 Corinthians 1:28; ὡς μή λαβών, as if thou hadst not received, 1 Corinthians 4:7; ὡς μή ἐρχομένου μου, as though I were not coming, 1 Corinthians 4:18; ὡς μή ἐφικνούμενοι εἰς ὑμᾶς, 2 Corinthians 10:14; add, 1 Corinthians 7:29. ᾔδει ... τινες εἰσιν οἱ μή πιστεύοντες (according to the opinion of εἰδώς), John 6:64; the same holds true of Acts 20:29; τά μή βλεπόμενα (in the opinion of οἱ μή σκοποῦντες), 2 Corinthians 4:18 (on the other hand, in Hebrews 11:1, οὐ βλεπόμενα, actually invisible); τόν μή γνόντα ἁμαρτίαν ὑπέρ ἡμῶν ἁμαρτίαν ἐποίησεν (μή γνόντα is said agreeably to the judgment of ποιήσας), 2 Corinthians 5:21 (τόν οὐ γνόντα would be equivalent to ἀγνωυντα). in predictions, where it expresses the opinion of those who predict: ἔσῃ σιωπῶν καί μή δυνάμενος λαλῆσαι, Luke 1:20; ἔσῃ τυφλός μή βλέπων, Acts 13:11. where the writer or speaker does not regard the thing itself so much as the thought of the thing, which he wishes to remove from the mind of the reader or hearer (Klotz ad Devar. ii. 2, p. 666) — to be rendered without etc. (German ohne zu with an infinitive) (cf. Buttmann, § 148, 7 b.): ἐξῆλθε μή ἐπιστάμενος, ποῦ ἔρχεται, Hebrews 11:8; add, Matthew 22:12; Luke 13:11 ((but cf. Buttmann, § 148, 7 c.)); Acts 5:7; Acts 20:22; Hebrews 9:9. where the participles have a conditional, causal, or concessive force, and may be resolved into clauses introduced by if, on condition that, etc.: θερίσομεν μή ἐκλυόμενοι, Galatians 6:9; μή ὄντος νόμου, Romans 5:13; although: νόμον μή ἔχοντες,Romans 2:14; μή ὤν αὐτός ὑπό νόμον, 1 Corinthians 9:20 (Rec. omits); we have both the negative particles in ὅν οὐκ εἰδότες (or (with L T Tr WH) ἰδόντες) ... μή ὁρῶντες, whom being ignorant of (in person) (or (according to the critical text) not having seen) ... although now not seeing, 1 Peter 1:8; also with the article: τά μή νόμον ἔχοντα (German die doch nicht haben, they that have not, etc.), Romans 2:14; δέ μή γενεαλογούμενος, but he, although not etc. Hebrews 7:6; — or since, because, inasmuch as: μή ἀσθενήσας τῇ πίστει οὐ (but G L T Tr WH omit οὐ; cf. Buttmann, § 148, 14) κατενόησε τό ἑαυτοῦ σῶμα ... νενεκρωμένον (οὐκ ἀσθενήσας would be equivalent to δυνατός, strong), Romans 4:19; πῶς οὗτος γράμματα οἶδε μή μεμαθηκώς; since he has not learned (Winer's Grammar, 483 (450)), John 7:15; add, Matthew 18:25; Matthew 22:25, 29; Luke 2:45; Luke 7:30; Luke 11:24; Luke 12:47; Luke 24:23; Acts 9:26; Acts 17:6; Acts 21:34; Acts 27:7; 2 Corinthians 3:14; 2 Corinthians 5:19; also with the article: μή γινώσκων τόν νόμον, since it knoweth not the law, John 7:49; add, Jude 1:5.

d. where (with the participle) it can be resolved by (being) such (a person) as not, of such a sort as not: μή ζητῶν τό ἐμαυτοῦ σύμφορον, 1 Corinthians 10:33; add, Acts 9:9; Galatians 4:8. neuter plural as a substantive: τά μή ὄντα, Romans 4:17; τά μή σαλευόμενα, Hebrews 12:27; τά μή δέοντα, 1 Timothy 5:13; τά μή καθήκοντα, Romans 1:28; 2 Macc. 6:4 (on the other hand, in τά οὐκ ἀνήκοντα, Ephesians 5:4 (where L T Tr WH οὐκ ἀνῆκεν), the οὐκ coalesces with ἀνήκοντα and forms a single idea, unseemly, unlawful).

6. in independent sentences of forbidding, dehorting, admonishing, desiring, etc., μή is Prohibitive (cf. Winers Grammar, § 56,1),Latinne, not;

a. with the 1 person plural of the subjunctive present: μή γινώμεθα κενόδοξοι, Galatians 5:26; add, Galatians 6:9; 1 Thessalonians 5:6; 1 John 3:18; aorist: John 19:24; before the word depending on the exhortation, 1 Corinthians 5:8.

b. with a present imperative, generally where one is bidden to cease from something already begun, or repeated, or continued: Matthew 6:16, 19; Matthew 7:1; Matthew 19:6; Mark 9:39; Mark 13:11; Luke 6:30; Luke 7:6, 13; Luke 8:49, 52; Luke 10:4, 7, 20; John 2:16; John 5:28, 45; John 6:43; John 7:24; John 14:1, 27; John 19:21; Acts 10:15; Acts 11:9; Acts 20:10; Romans 6:12; Romans 11:18, 20; Romans 12:2 (here L Tr marginal reading WH marginal reading give the infinitive), 14; 1 Corinthians 6:9; 1 Corinthians 7:5; 2 Corinthians 6:14, 17; Galatians 5:1; Galatians 6:7; Ephesians 4:30; Colossians 3:9, 19, 21; 1 Thessalonians 5:19; 2 Thessalonians 3:15; 1 Timothy 4:14; 1 Timothy 5:16, 19; Hebrews 12:5; Hebrews 13:2; James 1:7, 16; 1 Peter 4:12, 15; 1 John 2:15; 1 John 3:13; Revelation 5:5, and very often.

c. with the third person (nowhere in the N. T. with the second) of the aorist imperative where the prohibition relates to something not to be begun, and where things about to be done are forbidden: μή ἐπιστρεψάτω, Matthew 24:18; Luke 17:31; μή καταβάτω, Mark 13:15, and L T Tr WH in Matthew 24:17 (where R G badly καταβαινέτω); μή γνώτω, Matthew 6:3; γενέσθω (but T Tr WH γινέσθω), Luke 22:42; cf. Xenophon, Cyril 7, 5, 73; Aeschylus the Sept. c. Theb. 1036.

d. as in the more elegant Greek writings where future things are forbidden (cf. Herm. ad Vig., p. 807), with the 2 person of the aorist subjunctive: μή δόξητε, Matthew 3:9; Matthew 5:17; μή φοβηθῇς, Matthew 1:20; Matthew 10:26, 31 (here L T Tr WH present imperative φοβεῖσθε) (alternating with the imperative present φοβεῖσθε in Matthew 10:28 (G L T Tr)); μή ἅψῃ, Colossians 2:21; μή ἀποστραφῇς, Matthew 5:42; μή κτήσησθε, Matthew 10:9; add, Matthew 6:2, 7, 13, 31; Mark 5:7; Mark 10:19; Luke 6:29; Luke 8:28; Luke 14:8; John 3:7; Acts 7:60; Romans 10:6; 1 Corinthians 16:11; 2 Corinthians 11:16; 2 Thessalonians 2:3 — (in the last three examples with the third person, contrary to Winer's Grammar, 502 (467)); 1 Timothy 5:1; 2 Timothy 1:8; Revelation 6:6; Revelation 10:4 (μή γράψῃς, for ἔμελλον γράφειν precedes; but in John 19:21 μή γράφε is used, because Pilate had already written); Revelation 11:2; Revelation 22:10, and very often. We have the imperative present and the aorist subjunctive together in Luke 10:4; Acts 18:9.

e. with the 2 person of the present subjunctive: μή σκληρύνητε, Hebrews 3:8, 15 (a rare construction though not wholly unknown to Greek writings ( more than doubtful (Liddell and Scott, under the word A. I. 2)); see Delitzsch on the latter passage, and Schaefer ad Greg. Corinth., p. 1005f; (Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word μή. Others regard the above examples as subjunctive aorist; cf. 2 Kings 2:10; Isaiah 63:17; Jeremiah 17:23; Jeremiah 19:15, etc.)).

f. with the optative, in wishes: in that frequent formula μή γένοιτο, Far be it! See γίνομαι, 2 a.; μή αὐτοῖς λογισθείη, 2 Timothy 4:16 (Job 27:5).

II. As a conjunction, Latinne with the subjunctive;

1. our that, that not or lest (cf. Winers Grammar, § 56, 2 (Buttmann, § 139, 48f; Goodwin § 46)); after verbs of fearing, caution, etc.

a. with the subjunctive present, where one fears lest something now exists and at the same time indicates that he is ignorant whether it is so or not (Hermann on Sophocles Aj. 272): ἐπισκοποῦντες, μή ... ἐνοχλῇ, Hebrews 12:15.

b. with the subjunctive aorist, of things which may occur immediately or very soon: preceded by an aorist, εὐλαβηθείς (L T Tr WH φοβηθείς) μή διασπασθῇ, Acts 23:10; by a present: φοβοῦμαι, Acts 27:17; βλέπω, Matthew 24:4; Mark 13:5; Luke 21:8; Acts 13:40; 1 Corinthians 10:12; Galatians 5:15; Hebrews 12:25; σκοπέω ἐμαυτόν, Galatians 6:1 (Buttmann, 243 (209) would refer this to 2 b. below; cf. Goodwin, p. 66); ὁράω, Matthew 18:10; 1 Thessalonians 5:15; elliptically, ὁρᾷ μή (namely, τοῦτο ποιήσῃς (cf. Winers Grammar, § 64, 7 a.; Buttmann, 395 (338))): Revelation 19:10; Revelation 22:9.

c. with the indicative future (as being akin to the subjunctive (cf. grammatical references at the beginning)): φοβοῦμαι, μή ταπεινώσει με Θεός μου, 2 Corinthians 12:20f (L text T Tr); add, Colossians 2:8.

2. in order that not (Latineo consilio ne);

a. with the optative: τῶν στρατιωτῶν βουλή ἐγένετο, ἵνα τούς δεσμώτας ἀποκτείνωσι, μή τίς ... διαφύγοι, Acts 27:42 Rec. (the more elegant Greek to express the thought and purpose of the soldiers; but the best todd. read διαφύγῃ, which G L T Tr WH have adopted).

b. with the subjunctive aorist: preceded by the present, Mark 13:36; 2 Corinthians 8:20 (cf. Goodwin § 43 Rem.); ; Colossians 2:4 (where L T Tr WH ἵνα μηδείς for R G μή τίς (— an oversight; in R G as well as in the recent critical editions the purpose is expressed by an inserted ἵνα)).

III. As an Interrogative particle it is used when a negative answer is expected, Latinnum; (Winers Grammar, § 57, 3 b.; (Buttmann, 248 (213)));

1. in a direct question: Matthew 7:9; Matthew 9:15; Mark 2:19; Luke 17:9; John 3:4; John 4:12, 33; John 6:67; John 7:35, 51f; Acts 7:28; Romans 3:3; Romans 9:20; 1 Corinthians 1:13; 1 Corinthians 9:8; 1 Corinthians 10:22; James 2:14 (1 WH); , etc.; μή γάρ (see γάρ, I.), John 7:41; μή οὐκ (where οὐκ belongs to the verb, and μή is interrogative), Romans 10:18; 1 Corinthians 9:4f; μή γάρ ... οὐ, 1 Corinthians 11:22,

2. in an indirect question with the indicative (German ob etwa, ob wohl, whether possibly, whether perchance), where in admonishing another we intimate that possibly the case is as we fear (cf. Buttmann, § 139, 57; Winer's Grammar, § 41 b. 4 a.): Luke 11:35, cf. Buttmann, 243 (209); Ast, Platonic Lexicon, ii., p. 334f; (Riddell, Plato's Apology Digest of Idioms §§ 137, 138).

IV. The particles οὐ μή in combination augment the force of the negation, and signify not at all, in no wise, by no means; (this formula arose from the fuller expressions οὐ δεινόν or δέος or φόβος, μή, which are still found sometimes in Greek authors, cf. Kühner, ii. § 516, 9, p. 773f; but so far was this origin of the phrase lost sight of that οὐ μή is used even of things not at all to be feared, but rather to be desired; so in the N. T. in Matthew 5:18, 26; Matthew 18:3; Luke 18:17; Luke 22:16; John 4:48; John 20:25; 1 Thessalonians 5:3); cf. Matthiae, § 517; Kühner, ii., p. 775; Bernhardy (1829) p. 402ff; (Gildersleeve in the Amer. Jour. of Philol. for 1882, p. 202f: Goodwin § 89): Winers Grammar, § 56, 3 (Buttmann, 211 (183f)).

1. with the future indicative: οὐ μή ἔσται σοι τοῦτο, this shall never be unto thee, Matthew 16:22; add, Matthew 26:35; Luke 22:34 R G L; (where Rst G WH marginal reading ἀδικήσῃ); John 6:35 (here L Tr marginal reading πεινάσει, and L T Tr WH διψήσει); R G; Mark 13:31 T Tr WH; Hebrews 10:17 L T Tr WH; in many passages enumerated by Winers Grammar, 506 (472); (cf. Buttmann, 212 (183)), the manuscripts vary between the indicative future and the subjunctive aorist In a question, οὐ μή ποιήσει τήν ἐκδίκησιν; Luke 18:7 R G.

2. with the aorist subjunctive (the use of which in the N. T. scarcely differs from that of the future; cf. Winers Grammar, § 56, 3; (Buttmann, § 139, 7)), in confident assertions: — subjunctive of the 1 aorist, Matthew 24:2; Mark 13:2; Luke 6:37; John 13:8; Hebrews 8:12; 1 Peter 2:6; Revelation 2:11; Revelation 7:16; Revelation 18:21, 22, 23; Revelation 21:27, etc.; 1 aorist middle subjunctive, John 8:52 (where Rec. γεύσεται); thus these N. T. examples prove that Dawes made a great mistake in denying (in his Miscellanea Critica, p. 221ff (ed. (Th. Kidd) 2, p. 408f)) flint the first aorist subjunctive is used after οὐ μή; (cf. Goodwin in Transactions of American Philological Association for 1869-1870, pp. 46-55; Liddell and Scott, under the phrase, οὐ μή, I. 1 b.; Buttmann, § 139, 8); — subjunctive of 2 aorist, Matthew 5:18, 20, 26; Mark 10:15; Luke 1:15; Luke 12:59; John 10:28; John 11:26; 1 Corinthians 8:13; Hebrews 13:5; Revelation 3:3 (R G L Tr marginal reading WH text), and often. in questions: with 1 aorist, Luke 18:7 L T Tr WH; Revelation 15:4 (in L T Tr WH with the subjunctive aorist and the future); with 2 aorist, John 18:11. in declarations introduced by ὅτι: with 1 aorist, 1 Thessalonians 4:15; with 2 aorist, Matthew 24:34 (here R G T omit ὅτι); (L T Tr WH omit ὅτι); Luke 13:35 (T WH omit; L brackets ὅτι); ; John 11:56; in relative clauses: with 1 aorist, Matthew 16:28; Mark 9:1; Acts 13:41; Romans 4:8; with 2 aorist, Luke 18:30.

3. with the present subjunctive (as sometimes in Greek authors, cf. Winer's Grammar, 507 (473)): οὐδέ οὐ μή σε ἐγκαταλείπω, Hebrews 13:5 Tdf. (for ἐγκαταλίπω Rec., et al.) (cf. Buttmann, 213 (184)).

STRONGS NT 3361: μήπου μήπου (T Tr) or μή ποῦ (WH), that nowhere, lest anywhere (lest haply): Acts 27:29 T Tr WH. (Homer, et al.)

STRONGS NT 3361: οὐ μή οὐ μή see μή, IV.

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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μή ,

subjective negative particle, used where the negation depends on a condition or hypothesis, expressed or understood, as distinct from οὐ , which denies absolutely. μή is used where one thinks a thing is not, as distinct from an absolute negation. As a general rule, οὐ negatives the indic., μή the other moods, incl. ptcp.

[In LXX for H408, H369, H371.]

I. As a neg. adv., not;

1. with ref. to thought or opinion : John 3:18, Titus 1:11, 2 Peter 1:9.

2. In delib. questions, c. subjc. (M, Pr., 185) : Mark 12:14, Romans 3:8.

3. In conditional and final sentences, after εἰ , ἐάν , ἄν , ἵνα , ὅπως : Matthew 10:14, Mark 6:11; Mark 12:19, Luke 9:5 John 6:50, Romans 11:25, al.

4. C. inf. (v. M, Pr., 234 f., 239, 255),

(a) after verbs of saying, etc.: Matthew 2:12; Matthew 5:34, Mark 12:18, Acts 15:38, Romans 2:21, al.;

(b) c. artic. inf.: after a prep., Matthew 13:5, Mark 4:5, Acts 7:19, 1 Corinthians 10:6, al.; without a prep., Romans 14:13, 2 Corinthians 2:1; 2 Corinthians 2:13, 1 Thessalonians 4:6;

(c) in sentences expressing consequence, after ὥστε : Matthew 8:28, Mark 3:20, 1 Corinthians 1:7, 2 Corinthians 3:7, al.

5. C. ptcp. (v. M, Pr., 231 f., 239), in hypothetical references to persons of a certain character or description: Matthew 10:28; Matthew 12:30, Luke 6:49, John 3:18, Romans 4:5, 1 Corinthians 7:38, 1 John 3:10, al.; where the person or thing being definite, the denial is a matter of opinion: John 6:64, 1 Corinthians 1:28; 1 Corinthians 4:7; 1 Corinthians 4:18, 2 Corinthians 5:21, al.; where the ptcp. has a concessive, causal or conditional force, if, though, because not: Matthew 18:25, Luke 2:45, John 7:49, Acts 9:26, Romans 2:14; Romans 5:13, 2 Corinthians 3:14, Galatians 6:9, Judges 1:5; where the ptcp. has a descriptive force (being such as), not: Acts 9:9, Romans 1:28, 1 Corinthians 10:33, Galatians 4:8, Hebrews 12:27, al.

6. μή prohibitive, in indep. sentences,

(a) c. subjc. praes., 1 pers. pl.: Galatians 5:26; Galatians 6:9, 1 Thessalonians 5:6, 1 John 3:18;

(b) c. imperat. praes., usually where one is bidden to desist from what has already begun (cf. M, Pr., 122 ff.) : Matthew 7:1, Mark 5:36, Luke 6:30, John 2:16; John 5:45, Acts 10:15, Romans 11:18, James 2:1, Hebrews 5:5, al.;

(c) forbidding that which is still future : c. imperat. aor., 3 pers., Matthew 24:18, Mark 13:15, Luke 17:31, al.; c. subjc. aor., 2 pers., Matthew 3:9; Matthew 10:26, Mark 5:7, Luke 6:29, John 3:7, Romans 10:6, al.;

(d) c. optat., in wishes: 2 Timothy 4:16 (LXX); μὴ γένοιτο (v. M, Pr., 194; Bl., § 66, 1), Luke 20:16, Romans 3:3, al.; μή τις , Mark 13:5, al.

II. As a conj.,

1. after verbs of fearing, caution, etc., that, lest, perhaps (M, Pr., 192 f.) : c. subjc. praes., Hebrews 12:15; c. subjc. aor., Matthew 24:4, Mark 13:5, Luke 21:8, Acts 13:40, Galatians 5:15, al.; ὅρα μή (v. M, Pr., 124, 178), elliptically, Revelation 19:19; Revelation 22:9; c. indic. fut. (M, Pr., l.c.), Colossians 2:8.

2. in order that not: c. subjc. aor., Mark 13:36, 2 Corinthians 8:20; 2 Corinthians 12:6.

III. Interrogative, in hesitant questions (M, Pr., 170), or where a negative answer is expected: Matthew 7:9; Matthew 7:19, Mark 2:19, John 3:4, Romans 3:3; Romans 10:18-19, 1 Corinthians 1:13, al.; μή τις , Luke 22:35, al; seq. οὐ (Romans 10:17, al. in P1.), expecting an affirm. ans.; οὐ μή , Luke 18:7, John 18:11.

IV. οὐ μή as emphatic negation (cf. M, Pr., 188, 190 ff.; Bl., § 64, 5), not at all, by no means: c. indic. fut., Matthew 16:22, John 6:35, Hebrews 10:17, al.; c. subjc. aor., Matthew 24:2, Mark 13:2, Luke 6:37, John 13:8, 1 Corinthians 8:13, al.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For μυριάς = 10,000, as in Acts 19:19, it is sufficient to cite P Tebt II. 308.8 (A.D. 174) (= Chrest. I. p. 376) τιμὴν βίβλου μυριάδων δύο, ";the price of 20,000 papyrus stalks"; (Edd.), P Amh II. 107.10 (A.D. 185) κριθῆς ἀρταβῶν μυριάδων δύο, ";20,000 artabae of barley,"; and P Oxy VIII. 1115.14 (A.D. 284) μυριάδας τρῖς καὶ ὀκτακισχιλ [ίους, ";38,000."; The sense of unlimited numbers, like our ";myriads,"; as in Revelation 5:11 al., is seen in the Christian amulet P Iand 6.10 (v/vi A.D.) (sc. θεῷ) παραραστκουσιν (l. παραστήκουσιν) μύριαι μαιρια ̣τες (l. μυριάδες) ἀγγέλω [ν : for other exx. see the editor’s note ad l., and cf. Moulton Egyptian Rubbish-heaps, p. 31 f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ακύρους εισέλθητε καὶ μη μή μὴ μηδὲν μήποτε ος οὐκ kai kaì me mē mḗ mḕ meden medèn mēden mēdèn mepote mēpote ouk
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