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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3451 - μουσικός

Word Origin
from Mousa (a Muse)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. devoted to and skilled in the arts sacred to the muses
  2. accomplished in the liberal arts
  3. specifically, skilled in music
  4. playing on musical instruments
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2170 ‑ זְמָר (zem‑awr');  7892 ‑ שִׁירָה (sheer, shee‑raw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Revelation 1
Revelation 1
Revelation 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μουσῐκός, ή, όν,

Dor. μωσικός, ά, όν Theag. ap. Stob. 3.1.118:

Ι musical, ἀγῶνες μ. καὶ γυμνικοί Ar. Pl. 1163, cf. Th. 3.104; χοροί τε καὶ ἀγῶνες μ. Pl. Lg. 828c; τὰ μουσικά music, X. Cyr. 1.6.38, Sammelb. 6319.54 (Ptol.), SIG 578.18 (Teos, ii B. C.). Adv. - κῶς Pl. Alc. 1.108d, etc.; cf. foreg.


1. of persons, skilled in music, musical, X.l.c., etc.; ποιητικοὶ καὶ μ. ἄνδρες Pl. Lg. 802b; κύκνος καὶ ἄλλα ζῷα μ. Id. R. 620a; περὶ αὐλοὺς -ώτατοι Ath. 4.176e; lyric poet, opp. epic, Pl. Phdr. 243a (but opp. μελοποιός, Phld. Mus. p.96 K.); μ., οἱ, professional musicians, OGI 383.162 (Commagene, i B. C.), PFlor. 74.6 (ii A. D.); μουσικὸς καὶ μελῶν ποητής SIG 662.6 (Delos, ii B. C.).

2. generally, votary of the Muses, man of letters and accomplishments, scholar, opp. ἀμαθής, Ar. Eq. 191; ἀνὴρ σοφὸς καὶ μ. Id. V. 1244; ἀνδρὸς φιλοσόφου ἢ φιλοκάλου ἢ μ. Pl. Phdr. 248d, al.; πόλις -ωτάτη most full of liberal arts, Isoc. 8.4; ἡ τῶν νέων οὐσία μουσικωτάτη Pl. Lg. 729a: c. inf., παρ' ὄχλῳ -ώτεροι λέγειν more accomplished in speaking before a mob, E. Hipp. 989.

III of things, elegant, delicate, βρώματα Diox. 1; ἥδιον οὐδέν, οὐδὲ -ώτερον Philem. 23; harmonious, fitting, τροφὴ μέση καὶ μ., τὸν Δώριον τρόπον τῆς τύχης ὡς ἀληθῶς ἡρμοσμένη Dam. Isid. 50. Adv. - κῶς harmoniously, suitably, οἱ λόγοι οὐ πάνυ μ. λέγονται Pl. Prt. 333a; μ. ἐρᾶν Id. R. 403a; ὀρθῶς καὶ μ. Id. Lg. 816b; εὐρύθμως καὶ μ. εἰπεῖν Isoc. 13.16; μ. ἅλας δοῦναι, ὄψον σκευάσαι, Euphro 11.10, Nicom.Com. 1.9: Comp. - ωτέρως, λέγειν Arist. Rh. 1395b29: Sup. - ώτατα Ar. Ra. 873.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μουσικός, μουσική, μουσικον (Μοῦσα (music, eloquence, etc.)); frequent in Greek writings; properly, devoted to and skilled in the arts sacred to the muses; accomplished in the liberal arts; specifically, skilled in music; playing on musical instruments; so Revelation 18:22 (R. V. minstrels).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μουσικός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX: Genesis 31:27, Ezekiel 26:13 (H7892), Da LXX TH Daniel 3:5 ff. (H2170), Sirach 22:6, al.;]

skilled in the arts, esp. in music; as subst., ὁ μ ., a minstrel, musician: Revelation 18:22.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the use of νόμος c. gen. obj. to denote a particular ordinance as in Romans 7:2 ἀπὸ τοῦ νόμου τοῦ ἀνδρός (";from that section of the statute-book which is headed ‘The Husband,’ the section which lays down his rights and duties"; SH), cf. Syll 828 (=.81198).14 (iii/A.D.) κα ]τὰ τὸν νόμον τῶν ἐ [ρανισ ]τῶν. See also P Rev Lxxv. 15 (B.C. 259–8) al. where the various cross-references from one section to another are marked by the phrase κατὰ τὸν νόμον (cf. the editors’ note, p. 91). Thieme (p. 30) illustrates the quasi-personification of ὁ νόμος in John 7:51, Romans 3:19, by Magn 92 a..11 (ii/B.C. ad init.) πάντων συντελεσθέντων, [ν ὁ νόμος ] συντάσσει, cf. b..16 πάντων συντελεσθέντων ὧν ὁ νόμος ἀγορεύει. The phrase ἐν νόμῳ γέγραπται is found in legal phraseology from iii/B.C. onwards, e.g. Magn 52.35 ]σα καὶ τοῖς τὰ Πύθια ἐπαγγελλόν [τ ]ε ̣σσι [ν ἐν ν ]όμῳ γέγραπται. For the expression νόμος βασιλικός in James 2:8 see s.v. βασιλικός ad fin. The inscr. is reproduced in OGIS 483. In a remarkable epitaph from Apameia, C. and B. ii. p. 538 No. 399 bis, provision is made that the grave shall not be disturbed in the following terms—ἰς ὃ ἕτερος οὐ τεθῆ, εἰ δέ τις ἐπιτηδεύσι, τὸν νόμον οἶδεν [τ ]ῶν Εἰουδέων. According to Ramsay, the reference must be not to the law of Moses, but to some agreement made with the city by the resident Jews for the better protection of their graves. For a detailed study of νόμος used qualitatively in the Pauline Epistles we may refer to Slaten Qualitative Nouns, p. 35 ff. Norden (Agnosias Theos, p. ii n..2) points out how readily Paul’s teaching in Romans 2:14 ff. ὅταν γὰρ ἔθνη τὰ μὴ νόμον ἔχοντα φύσει τὰ τοῦ νόμου ποιῶσιν, οὗτοι κτλ. would be understood in view of the ἄγραφος νόμος of the Greeks (cf. R, Hirzel Abh. d. Sächs. Ges. d. Wiss., phil.-hist. Kl. xx. 1900). See also Ferguson Legal Terms, p. 64.

(cf. νομός)


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μουσικων μουσικών μουσικῶν μυγάλη mousikon mousikôn mousikōn mousikō̂n
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