corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3997 - πένθος

Word Origin
strengthened from the alternate of (3958)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. mourning
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 60 ‑ אֵבֶל (ay'‑bel);  205 ‑ אָוֶן (aw'‑ven);  3015 ‑ יָגוֹן (yaw‑gohn');  4553 ‑ מִסְפֵּד (mis‑pade');  8424 ‑ תּוּגָה (too‑gaw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (5) NAS (5) HCS (5)
James 1
Revelation 3
James 1
Revelation 3
James 1
Revelation 4

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πένθος, εος, τό,

grief, sorrow, Il. 11.658, etc.; τινος for one, Od. 18.324, etc.; π. ἄλαστον ἔχουσα Il. 24.105; π. λαγχάνειν S. Fr. 659; Τρῶας λάβε π. Il. 16.548, etc.; μέγα π. Ἀχαιίδα γαῖαν ἱκάνει 1.254, etc.; πένθεϊ δ' ἀτλήτῳ βεβολήατο πάντες 9.3; θυμὸς ἐτείρετο π. λυγρῷ 22.242, etc.

2. esp. of grief for the dead, mourning, τοκεῦσι γόον καὶ π. ἔθηκας 17.37; παιδὸς γάρ οἱ ἄλαστον ἐνὶ φρεσὶ π. ἔκειτο Od. 24.423; Σάρδεσι π. παρασχών A. Pers. 322; δμῳαῖς προθήσειν π. οἰκεῖον στένειν S. Ant. 1249; π. ποιήσασθαι make a public mourning, Hdt. 2.1; so π. προεθήκαντο Id. 6.21; π. τίθεται Id. 2.46; π. τινὸς κοινοῦσθαι E. Alc. 426; ἐν πένθει [εἶναι ] S. El. 290, 847 (lyr.); πολὺ π. ἦν κατὰ τὸ στράτευμα X. HG 4.5.10; π. λιπεῖν IG 3.1311; π. λύεσθαι, ἀποθέσθαι, Plu. Fab. 18, Alex. 75: in pl., Pi. I. 8(7).6, Fr. 154, A. Ch. 333 (lyr.), Pl. R. 395e, Arist. Rh. 1370b25, etc.

II unhappy event, misfortune, π. τινός one's illfortune, Hdt. 3.14; ἔτλαν π. οὐ φατόν Pi. I. 7(6).37.

III of a person, a misery, S. Aj. 615 (lyr.); π. ἔδωκε φέρειν, i. e. the body, Epigr.Gr. 228.6 (Ephesus). (Cf. πείσομαι from Πένθ-σομαι, fut. of πάσχω, pf. πείσονθα, Lith. kenčiù 'suffer', pa-kantà 'patience'; πενθ- is reduced to π ṇ θ- (παθ-) in αἰνο-παθής, etc.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πένθος, πένθους, τό (πένθω ((?); akin, rather, to πάθος, πένομαι (cf. πένης); see Curtius, p. 53; Vanicek, p. 1165)), from Homer down, the Sept. for אֵבֶל, mourning: James 4:9; Revelation 18:7; Revelation 21:4.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πένθος , -ους , τό ,

[in LXX chiefly for H60;]

mourning: James 4:9, Revelation 18:7-8; Revelation 21:4.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";sell,"; c. acc. rei : P Par 59.4 (B.C. 159) (= UPZ i. p. 413) πέπρακα (cf. Matthew 13:46 : Blass Gr. § 59. 5) τὸ ὀθόνιον (δραχμὰς) φ ̄, P Oxy XIV. 1672.3 (A.D. 37–41) πεπράκαμεν χό (ας) λ ̄β ̄ ξένοις προσώποις, ";we sold 32 choes to some strangers,"; BGU IV. 1079.16 (A.D. 41) (= Selections, p. 39) παρὰ τάλαντόν σοι πέπρακα τὰ φο [ρτ ]ι ̣α μου, ";I have sold my wares for a talent,"; P Oxy II. 264.2 (A.D. 54) ὁμολογῶ πεπρακέναι σοι τὸν ὑπάρχοντά μοι ἱστὸν γερδι [ακόν, ";I agree that I have sold to you the weaver’s loom belonging to me,"; ib. IX. 1200.41 (A.D. 266) πέπρακα τὸ ἐπιβαλόν μοι ψειλὸν τόπον καὶ ἀπέσχον τὴν τειμὴν ὡς ἑπρόκειται, ";I have sold the free space falling to me and have received the price as aforesaid"; (Ed.).

Other exx. of the verb are P Hib I. 41.23 (c. B.C. 261) ἑπιμέλειαν δὲ ποίησαι ὅπως καὶ τὸ ὑπάρχον ἔλαιον δι᾽ αὐτοῦ ἥδη πραθῆι, ";be careful to see that the existing store of oil be now sold by him"; (Edd.), P Fay 131.5 (iii/iv A.D.) ποίησον αὐτὰς πραθῆναι ἐκ (δραχμῶν) ι ̄δ ̄, ";get them (artabae of barley) sold at 14 drachmae an artaba,"; and OGIS 484.16 (ii/A.D.) ὅσα μέντοι τῶν λεπτῶν ὀψαρίων σταθμῶι πιπρασκόμενα τιμᾶται ὑπὸ τῶν ἀγορανόμων. The verbal πρατέος is found in the Christian P Oxy XII. 1494.4 (early iv/A.D.) εἵν᾽ οὕτως θεοῦ θέλοντος τάχα τει πραταίον (l. τι πρατέον) γε ̣νηται, ";in order that, if God so wills, there may perhaps be something to sell"; (Edd.). The subst. πρᾶσις, ";a selling,"; occurs in P Eleph 14.25 (iii/B.C.), and πρατήριον, ";a market,"; in P Par 62iii. 15 (c. B.C. 170). For the compd. παραπιπράσκω (not in LS8) see Michel 809.5 (iii/B.C.) and P bibl univ Giss 2.24 (ii/B.C.), and cf. Herwerden Lex. s.v. παράπρασις.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πένθει πενθος πένθος πένθους πενία πενίαν πενίας penthos pénthos
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, May 25th, 2020
the Seventh Week after Easter
Search for…
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
Next Entry
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology