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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3998 - πενιχρός

Transliteration
penichrós
Phonetics
pen-tikh-ros'  
Word Origin
prolongation from the base of (3993)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
6:40,824
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. needy, poor
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1800 ‑ דַּל (dal);  6041 ‑ עָנִי (aw‑nee');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Luke 1
Luke 1
Luke 1
BYZ TIS TR
A-ASF 1
A-ASF 1
A-ASF 1
NA WH
A-ASF 1
A-ASF 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πεντιχρος

Prolonged from the base of G3993

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πενιχρός, πενιχρα, πενιχον (from πένομαι, see πένης), needy, poor: Luke 21:2. (Occasionally in Greek authors from Homer, Odyssey 3, 348 down; for עָנִי in Exodus 22:25; for דַּל in Proverbs 29:7.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πενιχρός , - , -όν

(< πένομαι , see πένης ),

[in LXX: Exodus 22:25 (H6041), Proverbs 28:15; Proverbs 29:7 (H1800) *;]

chiefly in Comic poets and late prose (but Plato, Rep., 578 A), = πένης ,

needy, poor: Luke 21:2 (for ex. in Papyri, v. MM, xix).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";fall down,"; (1) of things—P Petr II, 13 (3).2 (B.C. 258–3) τὸ πρὸς νότον [τ ]οῦ ὀχυρώματος τεῖχος μέρος μέν τι αὐτοῦ πεπτωκός ἐστιν, ";the wall to the south of the prison, part of it has fallen"; (Ed.); (2) of persons—P Oxy III. 475.25 (A.D. 182) ἔπεσεν καὶ ἐτελε [ ]τησεν, ";he fell and was killed,"; the report of an accident.

Πέπτωκεν is common = ";paid"; in documents of iii–ii B.C. : cf. P Lond 1200.2 (B.C. 192 or 168) (= III. p. 2) πέπτωκεν ἐπὶ τὴν ἐν Διοσπόλει τῆι μεγαλῆι τράπεζαν, ";paid into the bank at Diospolis Magna,"; and P Fay 17.1 (B.C. 121), P Tebt I. 101.1 (B.C. 120) with the editors’ notes. See also P Hib I. 66.2 (B.C. 228) ( = Witkowski.2, p. 38) πίπτει [σοι ] (";tibi solvitur"; ) ἐν ̣ τοῖς κατὰ σὲ τόποις εἰκοστή, and Wilcken Ostr. i. p. 64. For a somewhat similar use of πέπτωκεν in dockets attached to contracts etc. cf. P Tebt II. 279.1 (B.C. 231) πέπτωκεν εἰς κιβωτὸν τὸ συνάλλαγμα ἐν Τεβτύνει, ";there has been placed in the chest at Tebtunis the contract of nurture.";

For the form πέσατε in Luke 23:30, Revelation 6:16, see Robertson Gr. p. 338 f., for the difficult ἐπέσαντο in Ev. Petr. 5, see Swete ad l., and for the timeless aorists in Luke 10:18 (πεσόντα) and Revelation 18:2 (ἔπεσεν), see Proleg. p. 134. Callimachus Ep. lvi. 4 (A.P. vi, 148) Ἕσπερε, πῶς ἔπεσες —a striking verbal resemblance to Isaiah 14:12.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πενηθείς πένηται πενιχραν πενιχράν πενιχρὰν πενιχροίς πενιχρού πενιχρώ πενόμενος πενομένων πενταέτους penichran penichràn
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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