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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4077 - πηγή

Transliteration
pēgḗ
Phonetics
pay-gay'  
Word Origin
probably from (4078) (through the idea of gushing plumply)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
6:112,837
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. fountain, spring
  2. a well fed by a spring
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 343 ‑ אֵיד (ade);  663 ‑ אֲפִיק (af‑ake', af‑eek');  4002 ‑ מַבּוּעַ (mab‑boo'‑ah);  4161 ‑ מֹצָא (mo‑tsaw', mo‑tsaw');  4726 ‑ מָקֹר (maw‑kore', maw‑kore');  5033 ‑ נֵבֶךְ (nay'‑bek);  5869 ‑ עַיִן (ah'‑yin);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (12) NAS (11) HCS (11)
Mark 1
John 2
James 2
2 Peter 1
Revelation 5
Mark 1
John 2
James 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 5
Mark 1
John 3
James 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 5
BYZ TIS TR
N-APF 4
N-DSF 1
N-GSF 1
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 5
N-APF 4
N-DSF 1
N-GSF 1
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 4
N-APF 4
N-DSF 1
N-GSF 1
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 5
NA WH
N-APF 4
N-DSF 1
N-GSF 1
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 4
N-APF 4
N-DSF 1
N-GSF 1
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 4


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πηγή,

Dor. πᾱγά, ἡ,

running water, used by Hom. always in pl., streams, πηγαὶ ποταμῶν Il. 20.9, cf. Hdt. 1.189, A. Pr. 89, 434 (lyr.), Pers. 311, E. HF 1297, Rh. 827 (lyr.); κρουνὼ δ' ἵκανον καλλιρρόω, ἔνθα δὲ πηγαὶ δοιαὶ ἀναΐσσουσι Il. 22.147: sg., καλλιρρόου ἔψαυσα π . A. Pers. 202, cf. 613 .

2. metaph., of tears, πηγαὶ κλαυμάτων, δακρύων, streams . ., Id. Ag. 888, S. Ant. 803, Tr. 852 (lyr.): abs., παρειὰν νοτίοις ἔτεγξα παγαῖς A. Pr. 402 (lyr.), cf. E. Alc. 1068, etc.; also πηγαὶ γάλακτος, βοτρύων, S. El. 895, E. Cyc. 496 (lyr.); πόντου πηγαῖς with sea- water, Id. IT 1039; πηγαὶ τροφῆς τῷ γεννωμένῳ, of mother's milk, Pl. Mx. 237e; π. μαστῶν Inscr.Cos 218.8 .

II fount, source, τοῦ Νείλου Hdt. 2.28, 4.53 (pl.), OGI 168.9 (Syene, ii B. C. ), Str. 17.1.52 (pl.); πηγαὶ ἡλίου the fount of light, i. e. the South, A. Pr. 809; πηγαὶ νυκτός the North, S. Fr. 956; παγὰ ἐπέων Pi. P. 4.299; πυρὸς παγαί ib. 1.22, cf. A. Pr. 110, Pl. Ti. 79d; πηγὴ ἀργύρου, of the silver-mines at Laureion, A. Pers. 238; τῆς ἀκουούσης π. δι' ὤτων, i.e. the sense of hearing, S. OT 1387; ἀπὸ μιᾶς ἀρχῆς καὶ π . Arist. PA 668a15, cf. Plu. 2.856e.

2. metaph., source, origin, mostly in sg., κακῶν π . A. Pers. 743; αἱ τέχναι, ἃς πηγάς φασι τῶν καλῶν εἶναι X. Cyr. 7.2.13; π. καὶ ἀρχὴ κινήσεως Pl. Phdr. 245c; π. ἡδονῶν, τοῦ φρονεῖν, νοσημάτων, etc., Id. Phlb. 62d, Lg. 808d, Ti. 85b, etc.; ἀρχαὶ καὶ π. τῶν στάσεων Arist. Pol. 1301b5, cf. Pl. Lg. 690d; π. τῆς κακοπραγμοσύνης Plb. 18.40.3; βέβηκα π. εἰς ἐμάς I have returned to the source of my existence, Epigr.Gr. 463 ( Crommyon ), cf. Dam. Pr. 95,al.

3. inner canthus of eye, supposed source of tears, Poll. 2.71, Hsch. (both pl.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πηγή, πηγῆς, , from Homer down, the Sept. chiefly for מַעְיָן, עַיִן, מָקור; a fountain, spring: James 3:11, and Rec. in 12; 2 Peter 2:17; ὕδατος ἁλλομένου, John 4:14; τῶν ὑδάτων, Revelation 8:10; Revelation 14:7; Revelation 16:4; of a well fed by a spring, John 4:6. ζωῆς πηγαί ὑδάτων, Revelation 7:17; πηγή τοῦ ὕδατος τῆς ζωῆς, Revelation 21:6 (on both passive see in ζωή, p. 274{a}); πηγή τοῦ αἵματος, a flow of blood, Mark 5:29.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πηγή , -ῆς , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H5869, also for H4726, etc.;]

a spring, fountain : James 3:11, 2 Peter 2:17; τ . δάτων , Revelation 8:10; Revelation 14:7; Revelation 16:4; of a well fed by a spring, John 4:6; Papyri τοῦ αἵματος , of a flow of blood, Mark 5:29; metaph., John 4:14, Revelation 7:17; Revelation 21:6.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

It is hardly necessary to illustrate this common word, but reference may be made to P Oxy I. 65.4 (iii/iv A.D.), where a beneficiarius sends an order to the comarchs of the village Teruthis—παράδοτε τῷ ἀποσταλέντι ὑπηρέτ [ ] Παχοῦμιν Παχούμις (= ιος) ὃν κατεσχήκατε σήμερον καὶ κατηνέγκατε ἐν τῇ κώμῃ ὑμῶν πολίτην ὄντα, ";deliver up to my officer whom I have sent Pachoumis, son of Pachoumis, whom you have arrested to-day and brought to your village, being a citizen"; (Edd.). See also the sepulchral epitaph, Kaibel 718.2, in which an inhabitant of Ephesus describes himself as μεγά [λης θεοῦ εἰμι πολ ]είτης.

For the adj. πολιτικός cf. P Tebt I. 5.257 (B.C. 118) τοὺς πρὸς χρείαις πάντας τῶν τε βασιλικῶν καὶ πολιτικῶν καὶ ἱερευτικῶν, ";all who are in charge of the Crown, State or sacred interests"; : see the editors’ note. In support of their contention that πολιτική in P Grenf II. 73.9 (late iii/A.D.) denotes a woman of bad character (πόρνη), the editors are now able to appeal to P Oxy VI. 903.37 (iv/A.D.) μετὰ μῆναν λαμβάνω πολιτικὴν ἐμαυτῷ, ";a month hence I will take a mistress."; Deissmann (Epistle of Psenosiris, p. 30 f., LAE, p. 201) prefers to regard the word as a proper name Πολιτική : cf. Selections, p. 117 ff. See also Archiv viii. p. 60, where the name is associated with the social rank of the woman as a ";citizeness.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πηγαι πηγαί πηγαὶ πηγας πηγάς πηγὰς πηγη πηγή πηγὴ πηγῇ πηγήν πηγης πηγής πηγῆς πήγμα πηγών pegai pegaì pēgai pēgaì pegas pegàs pēgas pēgàs pege pegḕ pēgē pēgḕ pegêi pēgē̂i peges pegês pēgēs pēgē̂s
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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