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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4342 - προσκαρτερέω

Transliteration
proskarteréō
Phonetics
pros-kar-ter-eh'-o  
Word Origin
from (4314) and (2594)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:618,417
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to adhere to one, be his adherent, to be devoted or constant to one
  2. to be steadfastly attentive unto, to give unremitting care to a thing
  3. to continue all the time in a place
  4. to persevere and not to faint
  5. to show one's self courageous for
  6. to be in constant readiness for one, wait on constantly
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2388 ‑ חָזַק (khaw‑zak');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (10) NAS (10) HCS (10)
Mark 1
Acts 6
Romans 2
Colossians 1
Mark 1
Acts 6
Romans 2
Colossians 1
Mark 1
Acts 6
Romans 2
Colossians 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-FAI-1P 1
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 5
V-PAP-NSM 1
V-PAS-3S 1
V-FAI-1P 1
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 5
V-PAP-NSM 1
V-PAS-3S 1
V-FAI-1P 1
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 5
V-PAP-NSM 1
V-PAS-3S 1
NA WH
V-FAI-1P 1
V-PAPNPM 2
V-FAI-1P 1
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAP-GPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 5
V-PAP-NSM 1
V-PAS-3S 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

προσκαρτερ-έω,

Dor. ποτι- IG 42(1).63.4 (Epid., ii B.C. ):

persist obstinately in, τῇ πολιορκίᾳ Plb. 1.55.4, D.S. 14.87; τῇ προφορᾷ Phld. Rh. 1.158 S.; τῇ προσευχῇ Acts 1:14 : abs., X. HG 7.5.14, Ph. Bel. 101.9, LXX Numbers 13:21(20), J. BJ 6.1.3, Ach.Tat. 1.10; καίπερ ἀχθόμενοι τῇ καθέδρᾳ π . J. AJ 5.2.6 .

2. adhere firmly to a man, be faithful to him, τινι Plb. 23.5.3, Acts 8:13, Acts 10:7; of servants, remain in one's service, D. 59.120; of a κοσμητής, IG 22.1028.84. remain in attendance at a law-court, τῷ βήματι, τῷ κριτηρίῳ, PHamb. 4.7 (i A.D.), POxy. 261.12 (i A.D.) . devote oneself to an office or occupation, τῇ στρατηγίᾳ ib. 82.4 (iii A.D.); τῇ ἑαυτῶν γεωργίᾳ PAmh. 2.65.3 (ii A.D.) .

3. Pass., ὁ προσκαρτερούμενος χρόνος time diligently employed, D.S. 2.29 .

4. wait for a person, Φιλέᾳ POxy. 1764.4 (iii A.D.): abs., ἕως ἂν Ἐτέαρχος παραγένηται PSI 5.598.7 (iii B.C.) .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

προσκαρτερέω, προσκαρτερῶ; future προσκαρτερήσω; (καρτερέω, from καρτερός (`strong,' 'steadfast'), of which the root is (τό) κάρτος for κράτος (`strength'; cf. Curtius, § 72)); to persevere (`continue steadfastly') in anything (cf. πρός, IV. 4): of persons, with the dative of a thing, to give constant attention to a thing, Acts 2:42 (here Lachmann adds ἐν (once) in brackets); τῇ προσευχή,Acts 1:14; Acts 6:4; Romans 12:12; Colossians 4:2 (ταῖς θηραις, Diodorus 3, 17; τῇ πολιορκία,Polybius 1, 55, 4; Diodorus 14, 87; τῇ καθέδρα, persist in the siege, Josephus, Antiquities 5, 2, 6); with the dative of a person, to adhere to one, be his adherent; to be devoted or constant to one: Acts 8:13; Acts 10:7, (Demosthenes, p. 1386, 6; Polybius 24, 5, 3; (Diogenes Laërtius 8, 1, 14); εἰς τί, to be steadfastly attentive unto, to give unremitting care to a thing, Romans 13:6 (cf. Meyer ad loc:); ἐν with a dative of place, to continue all the time in a place, Acts 2:46 (Susanna 6); absolutely to persevere, not to faint (in a thing), Xenophon, Hell. 7, 5, 14; to show oneself courageous, for הִתְחַזֵּק, Numbers 13:21 (20), of a thing, with the dative of a person, to be in constant readiness for one, wait on continually: Mark 3:9.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

προσ -καρτερέω , -

(< καρτερός , strong, stedfast),

[in LXX: Numbers 13:21 (H2388 hith.), Tobit 5:8 א , Da Th Su 1:6*;] to attend constantly, continue stedfastly, adhere to, wait on: c. dat. pers., Mark 3:9, Acts 8:13; Acts 10:7; c. dat. rei, Acts 1:14; Acts 2:42; Acts 6:4, Romans 12:12, Colossians 4:2; seq. ἐν , Acts 2:46; εἰς , Romans 13:6.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

PSI III. 184.7 (notice of a fire—A.D. 292) χθὲς περὶ ἕκτην ὥραν ἐξαίφνης καύματος ἐνόντος πῦρ ἐν σκυβάλοις χόρτου. . . ̣ν ̣ε ̣φάν [η. In P Oxy VI. 903.6 (iv/A.D.) a wife amongst other charges against her husband alleges—πῦρ προσήνεγκεν ταῖς τροφίμαις μου γυμνώσας αὐ [τὰ ]ς παντελῶς ἃ οὐ ποιοῦσι οἱ νόμοι, ";he applied fire to my foster-daughters, having stripped them quite naked, which is contrary to the laws"; (Edd.).

With τὸ πῦρ τὸ αἰώνιον (Matthew 18:8 : cf. Dalman Words, p. 161) we may compare the magical papyrus P Lond 46.147 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 70) where the enchanter, to impress the evil powers he desires to overcome, declares—ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ ἀκέφαλος δαίμων, ἐν τοῖς ποσὶν ἔχων τὴν ὅρασιν, ἰσχυρός, τὸ πῦρ τὸ ἀθάνατον, ";I am the headless demon, having eyes in my feet, the strong one, the deathless fire"; : cf. Deissmann LAE p. 139. For the ";fire of love"; see P Leid Wvii. 40 (ii/iii A.D.) (=II. p. 105) ἐξορκίζω σε, πῦρ, δαίμων αἴρωτος ἁγείου (l. ἔρωτος ἁγίου), and P Osl I. 1.140 (iv/A.D.), with the editor’s note (p. 65). With Revelation 8:7 cf. Orac. Sib. v. 376 f. πῦρ γὰρ ἀπ᾽ οὐρανίων δαπέδων βρέξει. . πῦρ καὶ αἷμα, and for Romans 12:20 see Exp T xxxvi. p. 478.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
προσευχῇ προσκαρτερειτε προσκαρτερείτε προσκαρτερεῖτε προσκαρτερη προσκαρτερή προσκαρτερῇ προσκαρτερήσαντες προσκαρτερησομεν προσκαρτερήσομεν προσκαρτερουντες προσκαρτερούντες προσκαρτεροῦντες προσκαρτερουντων προσκαρτερούντων προσκαρτερων προσκαρτερών προσκαρτερῶν proseuche proseuchē proskartere proskarterē proskarterêi proskarterē̂i proskartereite proskartereîte proskarteresomen proskarterēsomen proskarterḗsomen proskarteron proskarterôn proskarterōn proskarterō̂n proskarterountes proskarteroûntes proskarterounton proskarterountōn proskarteroúnton proskarteroúntōn
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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