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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4430 - πτῶμα

Transliteration
ptōma
Phonetics
pto'-mah  
Word Origin
from the alternate of (4098)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
6:166,846
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a fall, downfall
    1. metaph. a failure, defeat, calamity
    2. an error, lapse into sin
  2. that which has fallen
    1. the fallen body of one dead or slain, a corpse, a carcase
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 343 ‑ אֵיד (ade);  1472 ‑ גְּוִיָּה (ghev‑ee‑yaw');  3783 ‑ כִּשָּׁלוֹן (kish‑shaw‑lone');  4658 ‑ מַפֶּלֶת (map‑peh'‑leth);  6297 ‑ פֶּגֶר (peh'‑gher);  6365 ‑ פִּיד (peed);  6556 ‑ פֶּרֶץ (peh'‑rets);  7667 ‑ שֵׁבֶר (sheh'‑ber, shay'‑ber);  7701 ‑ שׁוֹד (shode, shode);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (5) NAS (7) HCS (7)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Revelation 2
Matthew 2
Mark 2
Revelation 2
Matthew 2
Mark 2
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
N-APN 1
N-ASN 3
N-NPN 2
N-NSN 3
N-APN 1
N-ASN 4
N-NSN 2
N-APN 2
N-ASN 1
N-NPN 1
N-NSN 1
NA WH
N-APN 1
N-ASN 4
N-NSN 2
N-APN 1
N-ASN 4
N-NSN 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πτῶμα

πτῶμα, ατος, τό, ( πίπτω ) fall, πεσεῖν . . πτώματ' οὐκ ἀνασχετά A. Pr. 919; πίπτουσι . . πτώματ' αἰσχρά S. Ant. 1046; π. θανάσιμον πεσῇ E. El. 686; ἡ πόλις οὐκ ἂν ἔπεσε τοιοῦτον π . Pl. La. 181b . fall in wrestling, Call. Iamb. 1.274, AP 9.391 ( Diotim. ): metaph., booby-trap, π. φιλοσόφων ἀπαλαιστρότατον Phld. Rh. 1.8S.; lapse, blunder, Gal. 10.124.

2. metaph., misfortune, calamity, τά γ' ἐκ θεῶν πτώματα calamities sent by the gods, E. HF 1228 .

3. pl., injuries due to falls, bruises, Dsc. 1.128,3.1,5.117.

II fallen body, corpse, carcase, freq. with gen., πτῶμα Ἑλένης, Ἐτεοκλέους, E. Or. 1196, Ph. 1697, cf. LXX Jd. 14.8, D.H. 4.70, etc.; πτώματα νεκρῶν E. Ph. 1482 (anap.): without a gen., A. Supp. 662 (s. v.l., lyr.), Plb. 15.14.2, Sardis 7 No. 165, Plu. Alex. 33, etc.: collective in sg., SIG 700.17 ( Maced., ii B.C. ), Revelation 11:8, Polyaen. 6.18.1 .

2. of buildings, ruin, οἰκίας, κρηνῖδος, IG 11(2).161 A 120, 163 Ba 21 (Delos, iii B.C. ); ἐπὶ τοῦ π . on the ruins (of the wall), Plb. 16.31.8, cf. 5.4.9, 5.100.6, Aristid. Or. 25(43).27; breach in a city-wall, D.S. 16.8, al.: pl., ruins, IG 11(2).199 A 103 (Delos, iii B.C. ), Ph. Bel. 100.45, Plb. 21.28.2; π. οἴκων Phryn. 351; π. ἐλαιῶν fallen olive-trees or fruit, Lys. Fr. 203 S.; windfall fruit, of the φοῖνιξ, Dsc. 1.109.

III payment which falls due, PEleph. 11.4 ( iii B.C., pl.), PLond. 1.3.37 (ii B.C.) .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πτῶμα, πτώματος, τό (πίπτω, perfect πέπτωκα);

1. in Greek writings from Aeschylus down, a fall, downfall; metaphorically, a failure, defeat, calamity; an error lapse, sin.

2. that which is fallen; hence, with the genitive of a person or with νεκροῦ added, the (fallen) body of one dead or slain, a corpse, carcase; later also with νεκροῦ omitted (Polybius, the Sept., Philo, Joseph, Plutarch, Herodian), cf. Thomas Magister, p. 765 (edited by Ritschl, p. 290, 14); Phryn. ed. Lob., p. 375; (Winer's Grammar, 23), and so in the N. T.: Matthew 14:12 L T Tr WH; Mark 15:45 L T Tr WH; Matthew 24:28; τίνος, Mark 6:29; Revelation 11:8, 9.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πτῶμα -τος , τό

(< πίπτω ),

[in LXX: Judges 14:8 (H4658), Job 16:15 (14) (H6556), Isaiah 51:19 (H7701), Judith 8:19, Wisdom of Solomon 4:18, al.;]

1. a fall, metaph., a misfortune, calamity (Trag., Plat., Polyb., al.; LXX).

2. That which has fallen;

(a) of buildings, a ruin (Polyb.);

(b) of living creatures, in cl. (poët. only) usually c. gen., νεκρῶν , etc., but also absol., as in late writers and NT, a fallen body, a carcase, corpse: Matthew 14:12; Matthew 24:28, Mark 15:45; Papyri αὐτοῦ , Mark 6:29; αὐτῶν , Revelation 11:8-9 (cf. Rutherford, NPhr., 472 f.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
πτωμα πτώμα πτῶμα πτωματα πτώματα πτώματι πτώματος ptoma ptôma ptōma ptō̂ma ptomata ptōmata ptṓmata
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, June 2nd, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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