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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4506 - ῥύομαι

Transliteration
rhýomai
Phonetics
rhoo'-om-ahee  
Word Origin
middle voice of an obsolete verb, akin to (4482) (through the idea of a current, cf (4511))
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
6:998,988
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to draw to one's self, to rescue, to deliver
  2. the deliverer
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1350 ‑ גָּאַל (gaw‑al');  2502 ‑ חָלַץ (khaw‑lats');  3467 ‑ יָשַׁע (yaw‑shah');  4422 ‑ מָלַט (maw‑lat');  5337 ‑ נָצַל (naw‑tsal');  5341 ‑ נָצַר (naw‑tsar');  6299 ‑ פָּדָה (paw‑daw');  6403 ‑ פָּלַט (paw‑lat');  6475 ‑ פָּצָה (paw‑tsaw');  7804 ‑ שֵׁיזִב (shez‑ab');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (18) NAS (17) HCS (17)
Matthew 2
Luke 2
Romans 3
2 Corinthians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
2 Timothy 3
2 Peter 2
Matthew 2
Luke 1
Romans 3
2 Corinthians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
2 Timothy 3
2 Peter 2
Matthew 2
Luke 1
Romans 3
2 Corinthians 3
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
2 Timothy 3
2 Peter 2
BYZ TIS TR
V-ADM-2S 2
V-ADM-3S 1
V-ANI-3S 4
V-API-1S 1
V-APP-APM 1
V-APS-1P 1
V-APS-1S 1
V-FDI-3S 3
V-PNI-3S 1
V-PNN 1
V-PNP-ASM 1
V-PNP-NSM 1
V-ADM-2S 1
V-ADM-3S 1
V-ANI-3S 4
V-API-1S 1
V-APP-APM 1
V-APS-1P 1
V-APS-1S 1
V-FDI-3S 3
V-PNN 1
V-PNP-ASM 1
V-PNP-NSM 1
V-ADM-2S 2
V-ADM-3S 1
V-ANI-3S 4
V-API-1S 1
V-APP-APM 1
V-APS-1P 1
V-APS-1S 1
V-FDI-3S 3
V-PNI-3S 1
V-PNN 1
V-PNP-ASM 1
V-PNP-NSM 1
NA WH
V-AMI-3S 1
V-FMI-3S 1
V-ADM-2S 1
V-ADM-3S 1
V-ANI-3S 4
V-API-1S 1
V-APP-APM 1
V-APS-1P 1
V-APS-1S 1
V-FDI-3S 4
V-PNN 1
V-PNP-ASM 1
V-PNP-NSM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ῥύομαι, v. ἐρύω

(B). ῥύπα, τά, heterocl. pl. of ῥύπος (q.v.).

ἐρύω

(B), only in Med. ἐρύομαι, redupl. non-thematic pres. 3 pl. εἰρύαται [] Il. 1.239, h.Cer. 152, [] Od. 16.463; inf. εἴρυσθαι 3.268, 23.151 (from se-srû-, v. infr.); impf. εἴρῡτο Il. 16.542, 24.499, Od. 23.229, Hes. Sc. 138, εἴρυντο Il. 12.454, εἰρύατο [] 22.303: from unredupl. stem ῥῡ- ( srû- ]), non-thematic 3 pl. impf. ῥύατ' [] 18.515, Od. 17.201, inf. ῥῦσθαι Il. 15.141, iterat. ῥύσκευ 24.730: thematic pres. ῥύομαι [] Od. 14.107, 15.35, Il. 9.396, 10.259, 417, Hes. Sc. 105; with ῡ, ῥύομ' Il. 15.257, ῥύοιτο 12.8, ῥύοισθε 17.224; impf. ῥύετ' [] 16.799: in Trag. ( E. HF 197, al., also A. Eleg. 3 ), but in Id. Th. 303 (lyr.), 824 (anap.): thematic impf. ἐρύετο [] Il. 6.403; non-thematic ἔρῡτο 4.138, 5.23, al., ἔρῡσο 22.507 ( ἔρῡτο as aor. 2 S. OT 1351 (lyr.)): pres. inf. ἔρυσθαι Od. 5.484, 9.194, al.; later pres. ind. ἔρῡται A.R. 2.1208: fut. ἐρύσσεται Il. 10.44, ἐρύεσθαι [] 20.195, ῥύσομαι [] Hes. Th. 662, Hdt. 1.86, A. Th. 91 (lyr.); 3 pl. ῥυσεῦνται Call. Lav.Pall. 112: aor. I εἰρῠσάμην (from e-serû- ) Il. 4.186, 20.93, 21.230; opt. ἐρύσαιτο [] 24.584; ind. also ἐρρύσατο [] Od. 1.6, al., ἐρύσατο [] Il. 5.344, al., once with ῥῠ, ῥῠσάμην 15.29: from the redupl. pres. εἴρῡμαι are formed fut. ind. 3 pl. εἰρύσσονται 18.276, I pl. εἰρῠόμεσθα 21.588: aor. I inf. εἰρύσσασθαι 1.216; opt. εἰρυσσαίμην 8.143, 17.327, Od. 16.459: later Pass., aor. ἐρρύσθην Luke 1:74; 2 Timothy 4:17, Hld. 10.7: for ἔρῠτο and ἐρυσσάμενοι as Pass., v. infr. 4:

protect, guard, of armour, [ πήληξ] κάρη ῥύετ' Ἀχιλλῆος Il. 16.799; [ κυνέη] εἴρυτο κάρη Hes. Sc. 138; ῥύεται δὲ κάρη Il. 10.259, etc.; μίτρης..ἥ οἱ πλεῖστον ἔρυτο 4.138, cf. 23.819; ἄστυ δὲ πύργοι ὑψηλαί τε πύλαι σανίδες τ'..εἰρύσσονται 18.276, cf. 12.454; ἀμφὶ δὲ τάφρον ἤλασαν, ὄφρα σφιν νῆας..ῥύοιτο ib. 8; οἶος ἐρύετο Ἴλιον Ἕκτωρ 6.403, cf. 22.507, 24.499; οἵ με πάρος γε εἰρύατο 22.303; ὅς σε πάρος περ ῥύομ' 15.257, cf. A. Th. 91 (lyr.), etc.; καὶ πῶς βέβηλον ἄλσος ἂν ῥύοιτό με; Id. Supp. 509; Λυκίην εἴρυτο δίκῃσί τε καὶ σθένεϊ ᾧ Il. 16.542; ἀριστήων οἵ τε πτολίεθρα ῥύονται 9.396; [ ἔλαφον] ὕλη εἰρύσατο 15.274; of warders or watchmen, 10.417; σῦς τάσδε φυλάσσω τε ῥύομαί τε Od. 14.107; νῆα, νῆας ἔρυσθαι, 9.194, 10.444, 14.260, 17.429; εἴρυσθαι μέγα δῶμα 23.151; ἣ νῶϊν εἴρυτο θύρας, of a female slave, ib. 229; ἐπέτελλεν..εἴρυσθαι ἄκοιτιν 3.268; αὖλιν ἔρυντο, of dogs, Theoc. 25.76; ἔτι μ' αὖτ' εἰρύαται οἴκαδ' ἰόντα lie in wait for me, Od. 16.463; χαλεπόν σε θεῶν..δήνεα εἴρυσθαι to discover them, 23.82 (here perh. a difft. word, cogn. with ἐρευνάω, cf. Pi. Fr. 61 ); φρεσὶν εἰρύσσαιτο keep in his heart, conceal, Od. 16.459; οἵ τε θέμιστας πρὸς Διὸς εἰρύαται maintain them, Il. 1.239: hence, support, hold in honour, with notion of obedience, οὐ σύ γε βουλὰς εἰρύσαο Κρυνίωνος 21.230; ἔπος εἰρύσσασθαι 1.216 .

2. without any notion of defence, merely cover, ὡς ῥύσαιτο περὶ χροΐ μήδεα φωτός Od. 6.129; φύλλων χύσις ἤλ θα πολλὴ ὅσσον τ' ἠὲ δύω ἠὲ τρεῖς ἄνδρας ἔρυσθαι 5.484 .

3. c. acc. rei, keep off, ward off, ἀλλ' οὐκ οἰωνοῖσιν ἐρύσσατο κῆρα μέλαιναν by no augury could he ward off black death, Il. 2.859; ἡ δ' (sc. ἀσπὶς ) οὐκ ἔγχος ἔρυτο 5.538, 17.518, Od. 24.524; ἀλλὰ πάροιθεν εἰρύσατο ζωστήρ Il. 4.186 .

4. thwart, check, curb, much like cross ἐρύκω, Διὸς νόον εἰρύσσαιτο 8.143; μὴ ὁ μὲν κραδίῃ χόλον οὐκ ἐρύσαιτο 24.584; Ἠῶ ῥύσατ' ἐπ' Ὠκεανῷ Od. 23.244; νῆά τ' ἔρυσθαι A.R. 3.607; so prob. in Τροΐας ἶνας ἐκταμὼν δορί, ταί νιν ῥύοντό ποτε ( thwarted him) μάχας..ἔργον..κορύσσοντα Pi. I. 8(7).57; νόστον ἐρυσσάμενοι having been balked of their return ( Med. in pass. sense, cf. ἐστεφανώσατο, κατασχόμενος ), Id. N. 9.23 (v.l. cross ἐρεις- ): Pass., ἡ δ' ἔρῠτ' εἰν Ἀρίμοισι Hes. Th. 304 .

5. rescue, save, deliver (not in Att. Prose exc. Th. 5.63 ); μετὰ χερσὶν ἐρύσατο Φοῖβος Ἀπόλλων Il. 5.344, cf. 11.363; πῶς ἂν.. εἰρύσσαισθε Ἴλιον; 17.327; Ποσειδάων..Νέστορος υἱὸν ἔρυτο 13.555; βουλῆς..ἥ τίς κεν ἐρύσσεται ἠδὲ σαώσει Ἀργείους 10.44; ἀλλ' Ἥφαιστος ἔρυτο σάωσε δέ 5.23; ὁ δ' ἐρύσατο καί μ' ἐλέησεν Od. 14.279; ἐρρύσατο καὶ ἐσάωσεν Il. 15.290; ἀρήξω τὸν ἱκέτην τε ῥύσομαι A. Eu. 232; πατρίδα ῥυομένους Id. Eleg. 3; ῥύου με κἀκφύλασσε S. OC 285, cf. Hdt. 7.217, 8.114: freq. folld. by a Prep., οὐ γάρ κεν ῥύσαιτό σ' ὑπὲκ κακοῦ Od. 12.107; Ζεῦ πάτερ, ἀλλὰ σὺ ῥῦσαι ὑπ' ἠέρος υἷας Ἀχαιῶν Il. 17.645, cf. 224; ἐκ..πόνων ἐρρύσατο Pi. P. 12.19; ῥύσασθαί μιν ἐκ τοῦ παρεόντος κακοῦ Hdt. 1.87; ὡς ἂν ἀλλὰ παῖδ' ἐμὴν ῥυσώμεθ' ἀνδρῶν ἐκ χερῶν μιαιφόνων E. Or. 1563: ἀπὸ φόνου S. OT 1351 (lyr.); ἀπὸ τοῦ πονηροῦ Ev.Matthew 6:13 : c. gen., ῥ. τινὰ τοῦ μὴ κατακαυθῆναι Hdt. 1.86; κακῶν μυρίων E. Alc. 770; τόξων Id. Ion 165 (lyr.); πολέμου καὶ μανιῶν ῥ. Ἑλλάδα Ar. Lys. 342: c. inf., ῥ. τινὰ θανεῖν E. Alc. 11; τινα μὴ κατθανεῖν Id. HF 197, cf. Or. 599, Hdt. 7.11; also, save from an illness, cure, Id. 4.187: generally, Id. 3.132 .

6. set free, redeem, τὸν ἔνθεν ῥυσάμην I set him free from thence, Il. 15.29; ἐκ δουλοσύνης Hdt. 5.49, 9.90; δουλοσύνης ib. 76; μάντιν Ἠλεῖον..ἀπημελημένον ἐν τοῖσι ἀνδραπόδοισι ἐρρύσατο Id. 3.132; but χρυσῷ ἐρύσασθαι Il. 22.351 seems to come from ( ϝ ) ερύω (v. ἐρύω (A) B. 1.2 ). metaph., redeem, compensate for.., ἔργῳ γὰρ ἀγαθῷ ῥύσεσθαι τὰς αἰτίας (v.l. cross λύσεσθαι ) Th. 5.63; ταῦτα πάντα κατθανοῦσα ῥύσομαι my death will redeem (purchase) all this, E. IA 1383 (troch.); ῥ. καμάτους Epigr.Gr. 853.6: double sense in S. OT 312, 313 ῥῦσαι σεαυτὸν καὶ πόλιν, ῥῦσαι δ' ἐμέ, ῥῦσαι δὲ πᾶν μίασμα τοῦ τεθνηκότος redeem (deliver) thyself and the state and me, and redeem the pollution from the dead (the μίασμα being thought of as an unpaid debt). ( ἐρῠ- ῥῡ- from ser[ucaron]- srû-, cogn. with Lat. servare, v. cross οὖρος 'guard', ἔρυμα, ἐρυμνός. )

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ῤύομαι; future ῤύσομαι; 1 aorist ἐρρυσάμην G (ἐρρυσάμην R, so T in 2 Corinthians 1:10; 2 Peter 2:7; L everywhere except in 2 Timothy 3:11 text) and ἐρυσαμην (so Tr WH everywhere, T in Colossians 1:13; 2 Timothy 3:11; L text in 2 Timothy 3:11); a deponent middle verb, in later Greek with the 1 aorist passive ἐρρύσθην G (ἐρρύσθην R), and (so L T Tr WH in 2 Timothy 4:17) ἐρυσθην; (on the doubling of rho , and the breathing, see in Rho); from Homer down; the Sept. chiefly for הִצִּיל; also for גָּאַל, פִּלֵּט (to cause to escape, to deliver), חָלַץ (to draw out), מִלֵּט, הושִׁיעַ , etc.; from Ρ᾽ΥΩ to draw, hence, properly, to draft, to oneself, to rescue, to deliver: τινα, Matthew 27:43; 2 Peter 2:7; τινα ἀπό τίνος (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 30, 6 a.), Matthew 6:13; Luke 11:4 R L; 1 Thessalonians 1:10 (here T Tr WH ἐκ; 2 Timothy 4:18); 1 aorist passive, Romans 15:31; 2 Thessalonians 3:2; τινα ἐκ τίνος (Winer's Grammar, as above): Romans 7:24 (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 41 a. 5); 2 Corinthians 1:10; Colossians 1:13; 2 Timothy 3:11; 2 Peter 2:9; 1 aorist passive, Luke 1:74; 2 Timothy 4:17; ῤυόμενος, the deliverer, Romans 11:26 (after Isaiah 59:20).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ῥύομαι ,

[in LXX chiefly for H5337 hi., also for H1350, H6403 pi., etc.;]

to draw to oneself, hence, to rescue, deliver: c. acc pers., Matthew 27:43, 2 Peter 2:7; id. seq. ἀπό , Matthew 6:13, Luke 11:4 (Rec., R, mg.), 2 Timothy 4:18; seq. ἐκ , Romans 7:24, 2 Corinthians 1:10, Colossians 1:13, 1 Thessalonians 1:10, 2 Timothy 3:11, 2 Peter 2:9; absol., ὁ ῥυύμενος , the deliverer, Romans 11:26. Passive: seq. ἀπό , Romans 15:31, 2 Thessalonians 3:2; seq. ἐκ , Luke 1:74, 2 Timothy 4:17.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
ερρυσάμην ερρύσαντο ερρύσασθε ερρύσατο ερρύσατό ἐρρύσατο ερρύσθη ερρύσθημεν ερρύσθην ἐρρύσθην ερρύσθησαν ερρύσω ερυσατο ἐρύσατο ερυσθην ἐρύσθην ρυεσθαι ρύεσθαι ῥύεσθαι ρύεται ρυόμενοι ρυομένοις ρυομενον ρυόμενον ῥυόμενον ρυομενος ρυόμενος ρυόμενός ῥυόμενος ρυσαι ρύσαι ρύσαί ῥῦσαι ρυσάμενος ρυσάμενός ρυσαμένου ρύσασθαι ρύσασθαί ρύσασθε ρυσασθω ρυσάσθω ῥυσάσθω ρυσεται ρύσεται ρύσεταί ῥύσεται ῥύσεταί ρύση ρύσηταί ρυσθείην ρυσθεντας ρυσθέντας ῥυσθέντας ρυσθήση ρυσθήσομαι ρυσθω ρυσθώ ῥυσθῶ ρυσθωμεν ρυσθώμεν ῥυσθῶμεν ρυσθώσιν ρύσομαι ρύσομαί ρύσονται errusato errusthen errusthēn errysato errýsato errysthen errysthēn errýsthen errýsthēn rhyesthai rhýesthai rhyomenon rhyómenon rhyomenos rhyómenos rhysai rhŷsai rhysastho rhysasthō rhysástho rhysásthō rhysetai rhýsetai rhýsetaí rhysthentas rhysthéntas rhystho rhysthô rhysthō rhysthō̂ rhysthomen rhysthômen rhysthōmen rhysthō̂men ruesthai ruomenon ruomenos rusai rusastho rusasthō rusetai rusthentas rustho rusthō rusthomen rusthōmen
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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