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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4680 - σοφός

Transliteration
sophós
Phonetics
sof-os'  
Word Origin
akin to saphes (clear)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
7:465,1056
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. wise
    1. skilled, expert: of artificers
    2. wise, skilled in letters, cultivated, learned
      1. of the Greek philosophers and orators
      2. of Jewish theologians
      3. of Christian teachers
    3. forming the best plans and using the best means for their execution
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 995 ‑ בִּין (bene);  2450 ‑ חָכָם (khaw‑kawm');  2450 ‑ חָכָם (khaw‑kawm');  2450 ‑ חָכָם (khaw‑kawm');  2748 ‑ חַרְטֹם (khar‑tome');  5228 ‑ נָכֹחַ (naw‑ko'‑akh);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (22) NAS (20) HCS (20)
Matthew 2
Luke 1
Romans 4
1 Corinthians 10
Ephesians 1
1 Timothy 1
James 1
Jude 1
Matthew 2
Luke 1
Romans 4
1 Corinthians 10
Ephesians 1
James 1
Matthew 2
Luke 1
Romans 4
1 Corinthians 11
Ephesians 1
James 1
BYZ TIS TR
A-APM 4
A-DPM 1
A-DSM 3
A-GPM 4
A-NPM 3
A-NSM 6
A-NSN-C 1
A-APM 4
A-DPM 1
A-DSM 1
A-GPM 4
A-NPM 3
A-NSM 6
A-NSN-C 1
A-APM 4
A-DPM 1
A-DSM 3
A-GPM 4
A-NPM 3
A-NSM 6
A-NSN-C 1
NA WH
A-APM 4
A-DPM 1
A-DSM 1
A-GPM 2
A-NPM 2
A-NSM 6
A-NSNC 1
PREP 2
A-APM 6
A-DPM 1
A-DSM 1
A-GPM 4
A-NPM 3
A-NSM 6
A-NSN-C 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σοφός, ή, όν, skilled in any handicraft or art, clever, ἁρματηλάτας ς . Pi. P. 5.115, cf. N. 7.17; κυβερνήτης A. Supp. 770; μάντις Id. Th. 382; οἰωνοθέτας S. OT 484 (lyr.); of a sculptor, E. Fr. 372; even of hedgers and ditchers, Margites Fr. 2; but in this sense mostly of poets and musicians, Pi. O. 1.9, P. 1.42, 3.113; ἐν κιθάρᾳ ς . E. IT 1238 (lyr.), cf. Ar. Ra. 896 (lyr.), etc.; τὴν τέχνην -ώτερος ib. 766; περί τι Pl. Lg. 696c; γλώσσῃ ς . S. Fr. 88.10; σοφὸς ὁ πολλὰ εἰδὼς φυᾷ, μαθόντες δὲ λάβροι Pi. O. 2.86 .

2. clever in practical matters, wise, prudent, ὁ χρήσιμ' εἰδώς, οὐχ ὁ πόλλ' εἰδώς, ς . A. Fr. 390; esp. statesmanlike, in which sense the seven Sages were so called, Dicaearch. ap. D.L. 1.40: hence, shrewd, worldly-wise, Thgn. 120, Pi. I. 2.12, Hdt. 3.85; ς. ἄνδρες εἰσὶ Θεσσαλοὶ Id. 7.130; ς. παλαιστὴς . ., ἀλλὰ χαἱ χαἱ σοφαὶ γνῶμαι . . ἐμποδίζονται S. Ph. 431, cf. 440, Aj. 1374; πολλὰ ς . A. Ag. 1295; ἃ δεῖ ς . E. Ba. 655 sq.; τῶν λεγομένων πονηρῶν μέν, σοφῶν δέ Pl. R. 519a: also σοφαὶ πραπίδες Pi. O. 11(10).10; φύσις Ar. V. 1282: even of animals, X. Cyn. 3.7 ( Comp. ), 6.13 ( Sup. ); ς. πειθώ Pi. P. 9.39 codd. ( σοφοῖς Bgk.); εὐβουλία A. Pr. 1038: τὸ ς . my little trick, Pl. R. 502d; your clever notion, Id. Euthd. 293d; τἀπ' ἐμοῦ σοφά, δάκρυα my tears, all the resources that I have, E. IA 1214; εἰ δίκαια, τῶν σοφῶν κρείσσω τάδε better than all craft, S. Ph. 1246; σοφόν [ἐστι ] c. inf., E. Hec. 228 . more generally, learned, wise, τὸ μὲν ς. [αὐτὸν] καλεῖν ἔμοιγε μέγα εἶναι δοκεῖ καὶ θεῷ μόνῳ πρέπειν Pl. Phdr. 278d, cf. 279c, Prt. 329e, Revelation 21 a ( Comp. ), 22c ( Sup. ); opp. ἀμαθής, ib. 25d ( Comp. ); of sophists, ib. 20a, Prt. 309d, X. Mem. 2.1.21, etc.; universally and ideally wise, ὁ ς., τουτέστιν ὁ τὴν τοῦ ἀληθοῦς ἐπιστήμην ἔχων Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.42, cf. 3.167, al.: later σοφώτατος as a title, esp. of lawyers or professors, PIand. 16.4 (v/vi A.D.), POxy. 126.6 (vi A.D.) .

3. subtle, ingenious, opp. ἀμαθής ( 1445 ) and σαφής, Ar. Ra. 1434 ( Adv. ); σοφόν τοι τὸ σαφές, οὐ τὸ μὴ σαφές E. Or. 397; τὸ σοφὸν οὐ σοφία wisdom overmuch is no wisdom, Id. Ba. 395 (lyr.); τί οὖν ἦν τοῦτο; οὐδὲν ποικίλον οὐδὲ σοφόν nothing curious or recondite, D. 9.37 . For the senses of ς ., v. Arist. EN 1141a10 . mostly abs., but c. acc. rei, E. Ba. 655, Pl. Phlb. 17c, etc.; also ἐν οἰωνοῖς, κιθάρᾳ, E. IT 662, 1238 (lyr.); εἴς τι Id. Fr. 162 ( Sup. ); περί τι or τινος, Pl. Smp. 203a, Revelation 19 c: rarely c. gen., σοφὸς κακῶν A. Supp. 453: also c. inf., πῶς δῆτ' ἔγωγ' ἂν . . Διὸς γενοίμην εὖ φρονεῖν σοφώτερος; S. Fr. 524.7 .

II of things, cleverly devised, wise, νόμος Hdt. 1.196 ( Sup. ); νοήματα, ἔπεα, Pi. O. 7.72 ( Sup. ), P. 4.138, etc.; γνῶμαι S. Aj. 1091; νοῦς Id. El. 1016; πάντα προσφέρων σοφά all wise sayings, Id. Fr. 763, cf. Ph. 1245; χρόνου τε διατριβὰς σοφωτάτας ἐφηῦρε Id. Fr. 479; σοφώτερ' ἢ κατ' ἄνδρα συμβαλεῖν ἔπη E. Med. 675; ς. φυγή Id. Supp. 151; οὐδὲν σοφὸν εἶναι shows no great wisdom, Arist. EN 1137a10 .

III Adv. σοφῶς cleverly, wisely, etc., first (?) in S. (?) Fr. 1122; then in E. Alc. 699, Ba. 1271 codd., Heracl. 558, Ar. Ra. 1434, etc.: Comp. -ώτερον E. Hec. 1007: Sup. -ώτατα Id. Hel. 1528, Ar. Nu. 522: — σοφῶς, as an exclamation of applause, Plu. 2.45f, Mart. 3.46.8, etc. (Not in Ep., exc. in Margites l.c. and as ancient v.l. ( Eust. 1023.14 ) in Il. 23.712; but v. σοφία, σοφίζομαι .)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σοφός, σοφή, σοφόν (akin to σαφής and to the Latinsapio, sapiens, sapor, 'to have a taste', etc.; Curtius, § 628; (Vanicek, p. 991)), the Sept. for חָכָם; (from Theognis, Pindar, Aeschylus down); wise, i. e.

a. skilled, expert: εἰς τί, Romans 16:19; of artificers (cf. Grimm, Exeg. Hdbch. on Sap. (), p. 151): ἀρχιτέκτων, 1 Corinthians 3:10; Isaiah 3:3 (δημιουργός, of God, Xenophon, mem. 1, 4, 7).

b. wise, i. e. skilled in letters, cultivated, learned: Romans 1:14, 22; of the Greek philosophers (and orators, see σοφία, a.), 1 Corinthians 1:19f, 26; 1 Corinthians 3:18f,(20); of the Jewish theologians, Matthew 11:25; Luke 10:21; of Christian teachers, Matthew 23:34.

c. wise in a practical sense, i. e. one who in action is governed by piety and integrity: Ephesians 5:15; James 3:13; and accordingly is a suitable person to settle private quarrels, 1 Corinthians 6:5.

d. wise in a philosophic sense, forming the best plans and using the best means for their execution: so of God, Romans 16:27, and Rec. in 1 Timothy 1:17; Jude 1:25; σοφώτερον, contains more wisdom, is more sagaciously thought out, 1 Corinthians 1:25. [SYNONYMS: σοφός, συνετός, φρόνιμος: σοφός wise, see above; συνετός intelligent, denotes one who can 'put things together' (συνιέναι), who has insight and comprehension; φρόνιμος prudent (A. V. uniformly, wise), denotes primarily one who has quick and correct perceptions, hence, 'discreet,' 'circumspect,' etc.; cf. Schmidt, chapter 147. See σοφία, at the end]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σοφός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX chiefly for H2450;]

skilled, clever, wise, whether in handicraft, the affairs of life, the sciences or learning: Romans 16:19, 1 Corinthians 3:10; of the learned, Romans 1:14; Romans 1:22, 1 Corinthians 1:19-20; 1 Corinthians 1:26-27; 1 Corinthians 3:18-20; of Jewish teachers, Matthew 11:25, Luke 10:21; Christian, Matthew 23:34; of those endowed with practical wisdom, 1 Corinthians 6:5, Ephesians 5:15, James 3:13; of God, Romans 16:27; compar., τ . μωρὸν τ . θεοῦ σοφώτερον , 1 Corinthians 1:25.†

SYN.: συνετός G4908, φρόνιμος G5429 (see σοφία G4678, SYN.).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";veil completely"; (Luke 12:2) : cf. Syll 804 (= .3 1170).6 (ii/A.D.) ἐπεὶ δὲ ἐγενόμην ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ, ἐκέλευσεν ἐπὶ δύο ἡμέρας συνκαλύψασθαι τὴν κεφαλήν.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σοφά σοφαί σοφάς σοφή σοφήν σοφοι σοφοί σοφοὶ σοφοις σοφοίς σοφοῖς σοφόν σοφος σοφός σοφὸς σοφού σοφους σοφούς σοφοὺς σοφω σοφώ σοφῷ σοφων σοφών σοφῶν σοφώς σοφώτερα σοφωτερον σοφώτερον σοφώτερος σπάδοντας σπάδοντι sopho sophō sophoi sophoí sophoì sophôi sophō̂i sophois sophoîs sophon sophôn sophōn sophō̂n sophos sophós sophòs sophoteron sophōteron sophṓteron sophous sophoús sophoùs
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, October 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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