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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4738 - στῆθος

Word Origin
from (2476) (as standing prominently)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the breast
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1512 ‑ גָּחוֹן (gaw‑khone');  2306 ‑ חֲדֵה ();  3820 ‑ לֵב (labe);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (5) NAS (5) HCS (3)
Luke 2
John 2
Revelation 1
Luke 2
John 2
Revelation 1
Luke 2
Revelation 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

στῆθος, εος, τό, breast, of both sexes, being the front part of the θώραξ, divided into two μαστοί ( Arist. HA 493a12, PA 688a13, al.), Hom. and later (cf. στέρνον ), esp. in Prose, rare (and usu. metaph.) in post-Homeric verse; found once in Pi., twice in B., twice in A., never in S. or E. (v. infr. 1, 11); βάλε ς. παρὰ μαζόν Il. 4.480; ἔβαλε ς. μεταμάζιον 5.19; κληῒς ἀποέργει αὐχένα τε στῆθός τε 8.326, cf. Pl. Ti. 69e, 79c (pl.), Prt. 352a (pl.): in pl., διὰ στήθεσφιν ( Ep. gen.) ἔλασσε Il. 5.41; στήθεά τ' ἠδ' ἁπαλὴν δειρήν (of Briseis) 19.285; of animals, 11.282, 16.163, al., cf. X. Cyn. 4.1, Arist. HA 496a9, 15, al., PCair.Zen. 532.7, 18 (iii B.C.), BGU 469.7 (ii A.D.); ς. φάσσης ἑψημένης Sor. 2.41, cf. 1.51: as the seat of the voice and breath, Il. 3.221, 9.610, B. 5.15, A. Th. 563 (lyr.), 865 (anap.); more freq. as the seat of the heart, Il. 1.189, Od. 1.341, Sapph. 2.6, etc.; chest, Hp. Prorrh. 1.70, Ar. Nu. 1012, 1017 (both anap.), Th. 2.49 (pl.), Diocl.Fr. 142, IG 42(1).121.100 (pl., Epid., iv B.C. ), freq. in Arist. (v. supr.), PEnteux. 79.7 (iii B.C.), PTeb. 316.19 (i A.D.), Sor. 1.70b, al.; τὰ ς . breasts of a woman, Hp. Mul. 2.133 .

II metaph., the breast as the seat of feeling and thought, as we use heart, freq. in Hom., but always in pl., θυμὸν ἐνὶ στήθεσσιν ὄρινε Il. 2.142, al.; θάρσος ἐνὶ ς. ἐνῆκεν 17.570; ἔχει κότον . . ε[]ν ς. ἑοῖσι 1.83; ἐν γάρ τοι ς. μένος πατρώϊον ἧκα 5.125; νόον καὶ θυμὸν ἐνὶ ς. ἔχοντες 4.309; μῆτιν ἐνὶ ς. κέκευθε Od. 3.18, cf. Pi. Fr. 218, B. 10.54: in Prose, εἰπεῖν ἃ ἔφησθα ἐν τῷ ς. ἔχειν Pl. Phdr. 236c; πλῆρες τὸ ς. ἔχειν ib. 235c .

III = cross στέρνον 111, breastbone, Hp. Art. 14 .

2. ball of the foot, ib. 55, 58, cf. Epid. 4.1, Ruf. Onom. 125; τὸ σαρκῶδες [τοῦ ποδὸς] κάτωθεν στῆθος Arist. HA 494a13; ball of the hand (below the thumb), Ruf. Onom. 86; (below the fingers), Gal. 14.704; palm, dub. in Hp. Oss. 9: cf. προστηθίς .

3. swelling, tumour, ἐν τῷ ἥπατι Aret. CA 2.6 (pl.). breastshaped hill or bank, Plb. 4.41.3, PMasp. 169b47 (vi A.D.), cf. Hsch. ( στῆθος has pan-Hellenic η, Sapph., Pi., IG 42(1) l.c., Call. Lav.Pall. 88, Theoc. 2.79, 15.108, 135 .)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

στῆθος, στήθους, τό (from ἵστημι; that which stands out, is prominent (Etym. Magn. 727, 19 διότι ἕστηκεν ἀσάλευτον)), from Homer down, the breast: John 13:25; John 21:20 (cf. κόλπος, 1); Revelation 15:6. τύπτειν εἰς τό στῆθος or τύπτειν τό στῆθος, of mourners (see κόπτω), Luke 18:13; Luke 23:48.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

στῆθος , -ους , τό ,

[in LXX: Exodus 28:23; Exodus 28:26 (29-30) (H3820), etc.;]

the breast: John 13:25; John 21:10, Revelation 15:6; as a sign of penitence, τύπτειν (εἰς ) τὸ σ ., Luke 18:13; Luke 23:48,†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";take along with"; (as helper), as in Acts 15:37 f where Ramsay (Galatians, p. 293) points out that the word implies ";a private companion or minister, who is not sent forth on the mission as an envoy, but is taken by the envoys on their own authority."; Cf. BGU I. 226.12 (A.D. 99) περὶ ἧς ἐνεχίρισε συνπαραλαβὼν ἑαυτῶι τὸν τοῦ ἑτέρου μου ἀδελφοῦ Ἐριέως, and P Lond 358.6 (c. A.D. 150) (= II. p. 172) συμπαραλαβόντας αὐτοῖς Ἡρ ̣ακλε ̣ίδην ὑπηρέτην. See also P Ryl II. 189.8, .9 (A.D. 128), where the verb appears bis in a receipt issued by the receivers of public clothing—Διογέν [η ]ς παρέλαβα. Ὀνησᾶς συνπαρέλαβα. Φιλόξε ̣ν ̣ο ̣ς ̣ συνπαρέλαβα. ";Received by me, Diogenes. Received also by me, Onesas. Received also by me, Philoxenus.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
στήθει στήθεων στηθη στήθη στηθος στήθος στῆθος στήθους στηθύνια στηθύνιον στηθυνίου stethe stēthē stḗthe stḗthē stethos stêthos stēthos stē̂thos
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 12th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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