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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4943 - συνυπουργέω

Word Origin
from (4862) and a derivative of a compound of (5259) and the base of (2041)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to help together
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
2 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


join in serving, co-operate with, τινι Hp. Art. 58, cf. 2 Corinthians 1:11, Luc. Bis Acc. 17.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

συνυπουργέω, συνυπούργω; (ὑπουργέω to serve, from ὑπουργός, and this from ὑπό and ἘΡΓΩ); to help together: τίνι, by anything, 2 Corinthians 1:11. (Lucian, bis accusat. c. 17 συναγωνιζομενης τῆς ἡδονῆς, ἤπερ αὐτῇ τά πολλά ξυνυπουργει.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* συν -υπουργέω , - ,

to help together, join in serving: c. dat. instr., 2 Corinthians 1:11.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

(1) The following may serve as exx. of this very common word = ";a child";—P Amh II. 35.55 (B.C. 132) ὑπέρ τε τοῦ βα (σιλέως) καὶ τῶν βα (σιλι)κῶν τέκνων, P Tor II. 11.11 ἕτερα τέκνα, ";a second family,"; BGU IV. 1097.23 (time of Claudius/Nero) τὴν ̣ μητέρα καὶ Δη ̣μη ̣τ ̣ριν καὶ τὰ τέ [κ ]να αὐτοῦ ἀσπάζ ̣ο ̣υ ̣, BGU I. 234.34 (c. A.D. 70–80) ὥσπερ ἰδ [ ]ων τέκνων, P Lond 897.28 (A.D. 84) (= III. p. 207) μέλει σοι πολλὰ περὶ ἐμοῦ μελ [ήσε ]ι σοι δὲ ὡς ὑπὲρ ἰδίου τέκνου, P Oxy II. 237viii. 36 (A.D. 186) ἡ δὲ κτῆσις μετὰ θάνατον τοῖς τέκνοις κεκράτηται, ";but the right of ownership after their death has been settled upon the children"; (Edd.), and BGU II. 419.15 (A.D. 276–7) οὐκ ἐπελεύσομα [ι ] περὶ αὐτῶν το [ύτ ]ων οὐδὲ οὐδεὶς τῶν παρ᾽ ἐμοῦ οὐδὲ τέκνον τ [ ]κνου. As showing the oppression of the Egyptian middle-class, we may note the case of a certain Pamonthius, whose children had been seized by his creditors—οἵτινες οἱ ἀνελεήμονες ἐκε ̣ῖνοι καὶ ἄθεοι ἀπέσπασαν τὰ πάν ̣τ ̣α τὰ ἑαυτοῦ τέκνα νήπια κομιδῇ, ";who, those pitiless and godless men, carried off all his children, being yet quite in their infancy"; (Bell) (P Lond 1915.28—A.D. 330–340).

(2) Τέκνον is also used as a form of kindly address, even in the case of grown-up persons—P Oxy I. 33i. 11 (late ii/A.D.) τρέχε, τέκνον, τελεύτα, P Giss I. 12.5 (letter to a strategus— ii/A.D.) παρακαλῶ σε οὖν, τέκνον, . . . ἐντυπήν (";pattern";) μοι πέμψον, similarly ib. 21.20 (time of Trajan) ἔρρωσο τέκ ̣ν ̣ο ̣ν, and P Oxy VII. 1063.1 (ii/iii A.D.) χαίροις, τέκνον Ἀμόι, ";greeting, my son Amoïs!";

(3) Schaeffer ad P Iand 13.8 has brought together various exx. of τέκνον and υἱός, e.g. P Gen I. 74.1 ff. (iii/A.D.) Ἡραῒς Ἀγριππ [ ]νῳ τῷ υἱῷ πλεῖστα χ (αίρειν). πρὸ μὲν πάντων εὔχομαί σε ὑγειαίνειν καὶ προκόπτειν. γείνωσκε, τέκνον, ἀπεληλυθέναι ἐμέ, P Amh II. 136.1 f. (iii/A.D.) Ἀπίων Ὡρίωνι τῶι υἱῶι χαίρειν. . . . 4 γράφω σοι, τέκνον, and P Oxy VI. 930.18 (ii/iii A.D.) ὥστε οὖν, τέκνον, μελησάτω σοι, and on the verso Πτολεμαίῳ υἱῶι.

(4) For the Hebraistic idiom underlying the use of τέκνον with genitives of quality, as in Ephesians 5:8 τέκνα φωτός, see Deissmann BS p. 161 ff., and s.v. υἱός.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
συνυπουργουντων συνυπουργούντων συνυφάναι συνυφάνθη συνυφασμένην συνυφής sunupourgounton sunupourgountōn synypourgounton synypourgountōn synypourgoúnton synypourgoúntōn
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 14th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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