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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4980 - σχολάζω

Word Origin
from (4981)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to cease from labour, to loiter
  2. to be free from labour, to be at leisure, to be idle
    1. to have leisure for a thing
    2. to give one's self to a thing
  3. of things
    1. of places, to be unoccupied, empty
    2. of a centurion's vacant office
    3. of vacant ecclesiastical offices
    4. of officers without charge
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7503 ‑ רָפָה (raw‑faw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (2) HCS (2)
Matthew 1
1 Corinthians 1
Matthew 1
1 Corinthians 1
Matthew 1
1 Corinthians 1
V-PAS-2P 1
V-AAS-2P 1
V-PAS-2P 1
V-AAS-2P 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Boeot. σχολ-άδδω IG 7.2849.6 (Haliartus):

to have leisure or spare time, to be at leisure, have nothing to do, σὺ δ' ἢν σχολάσῃς Ar. Lys. 412, cf. Th. 4.4, etc.; διὰ τὸ μὴ σχολάζειν ὑπὸ πολέμων because they have no leisure left by the wars, Pl. Lg. 694e; ἀσχολούμεθα ἵνα σχολάζωμεν Arist. EN 1177b5; ς. καλῶς spend one's leisure well, Id. Pol. 1337b31; ς. ἐλευθερίως καὶ σωφρόνως ib. 1326b31: c. inf., have leisure or time to do a thing, X. Cyr. 2.1.9, 8.1.18, Pl. Lg. 763d, etc.

2. loiter, linger, A. Supp. 207, 883, E. Hec. 730, D. 3.35.

II ς. ἀπό τινος have rest or respite from a thing, cease from doing, X. Cyr. 7.5.52; ἀπὸ τοῦ Κρώμνου were set free from the operations at K., Id. HG 7.4.28; also ς. ἔργων Plu. Nic. 28.

III c. dat., have leisure, time, or opportunity for a thing, devote one's time to a thing, πάντα τὸν βίον ἐσχόλακεν [ἐν] τούτῳ D. 22.4; ς. φιλοσοφίᾳ, μουσικῇ, etc., Luc. Macr. 4, VH 2.15; μόνῃ ς. ὑγιείᾳ Gal. 6.168; τῇ γῇ, i.e. agriculture, Sammelb. 4284.15 (iii A.D.); so πρὸς ταῦτα X. Mem. 3.6.6; πρὸς τοῖς ἰδίοις Arist. Pol. 1308b36; ἐπί τινος Id. PA 682a34; περὶ λόγους Plu. Brut. 22; πρὸς ἐννοίᾳ.. πρὸς αὑτόν Id. Numbers 14:1-45.

2. c. dat. pers., devote oneself to.., τοῖς φίλοις X. Cyr. 7.5.39; ἑαυτοῖς Gal. 6.810; ὁ στρατηγὸς.. τοῖς διαφέρουσιν ἐσχόλασεν Wilcken Chr. 41 i8 (iii A.D.); esp. of students, study, attend lectures, ἐπὶ Παλλαδίῳ Phld. Acad.Ind. p.88 M.; ς. τινί devote oneself to a master, attend his lectures, ς. Καρνεάδῃ, Ἰσοκράτει, ib. p.89 M., Plu. 2.844b; τοῖς φιλοσόφοις IG 22.1028.34 (ii/i B.C.); μετ' Ἐπικούρου Phylarch. 24J.; παρά τισι Alciphr. 1.34.

3. abs., devote oneself to learning: hence, give lectures (cf. σχολή 11), Apollon.Perg. Con. 1 Praef.; ς. Ἀθήνησιν Phld. Rh. 1.95 S.; ἐν Λυκείῳ D.H. Amm. 1.5, cf. Plu. Dem. 5:c.acc.neut., ἅπερ ἐσχολάσαμεν Demetr.Lac. Herc. 1013.18; τὰ περὶ τοῦ τέλους σχολασθέντα lectures upon.., S.E. M. 11.167; of a gladiator, to be master of a school (ludus), εἰς Ἔφεσον RArch. 30 (1929).24 (Gortyn). of a place, to be vacant, unoccupied, Plu. CG 12, Jul. Caes. 316c: c. dat., to be reserved for, τὸ ἀπ' οὐρανοῦ κορυφῆς μέχρι σελήνης θεοῖς καὶ ἄστροις.. σχολάζει Herm. ap. Stob. 1.49.68.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σχολάζω; 1 aorist subjunctive σχολάσω, 1 Corinthians 7:5 G L T Tr WH; (σχολή, which see);

1. to cease from labor; to loiter.

2. to be free from labor, to be at leisure, to be idle; τίνι, to have leisure for a thing, i. e. to give oneself to a thing: ἵνα σχολάσητε (Rec. σχολάζητε) τῇ προσευχή, 1 Corinthians 7:5 (for examples from secular authors see Passow, under the word; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, III.)).

3. of things; e. g. of places, to be unoccupied, empty: οἶκος σχολαζων, Matthew 12:44; (Luke 11:25 WH brackets Tr marginal reading brackets) (τόπος, Plutarch, Gai. Grac. 12; of a centurion's vacant office, Eus. h. e. 7, 15; in ecclesiastical writings of vacant ecclesiastical offices (also of officers without charge; cf. Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(< σχολή ),

[in LXX: Exodus 5:8; Exodus 5:17, Psalms 46:10 (H7503 ni., hi.) *;]

to be at leisure, hence, to have time or opportunity for, to devote oneself to, be occupied in: 1 Corinthians 7:5; of things, to be unoccupied, empty (Plut., Eur., al.): οἶκος , Matthew 12:44, Luke 11:25 (T [WH], R, om.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";melt,"; pass, ";melt away,"; as in 2 Peter 3:12 where, according to Hort (Notes.2, p. 103) τήκεται (אABKL) may be a corruption for the rare τήξεται : cf. Hippocrates vi. p. 110, ed. Littré. In C. and b. i. p. 150 No. 45 ἐτήκω κολαθεσα ἑπὸ τοῦ θεοῦ, Ramsay notes that ";ἐτήκω is probably for τήκομαι. . .‘ waste away from fever or other formless disease.’ "; The compd. συντηκέτωσαν occurs in P Rev LL. .17 (B.C. 258) of melting down lard.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σχολάζετε σχολάζητε σχολαζοντα σχολάζοντα σχολάζουσι σχολάσατε σχολασητε σχολάσητε σχολασταί scholasete scholasēte scholásete scholásēte scholazonta scholázonta
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the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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