corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.08.23
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4997 - σωφροσύνη

Transliteration
sōphrosýnē
Phonetics
so-fros-oo'-nay  
Word Origin
from (4998)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
7:1097,1150
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. soundness of mind
  2. self-control, sobriety
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (3) NAS (3) HCS (3)
Acts 1
1 Timothy 2
Acts 1
1 Timothy 2
Acts 1
1 Timothy 2
BYZ TIS TR
N-GSF 3
N-GSF 3
N-GSF 3
NA WH
N-GSF 3
N-GSF 3


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σωφροσύνη [],

Dor. σωφρον-ύνα, and poet. σᾰοφροσύνη (as in Hom. and in later poetry, IG 22.3632.11, 3753), ,

soundness of mind, prudence, discretion, Od. 23.13; in pl., ib. 30; the common form first in Thgn. 379, 701, 1138, Epich. 101; αἰδὼς σωφροσύνης πλεῖστον μετέχει Th. 1.84; ς. λαβεῖν Id. 8.64; sanity, opp. μανία, X. Mem. 1.1.16, cf. Acts 26:25.

2. moderation in sensual desires, selfcontrol, temperance, Democr. 210, Ar. Nu. 962 (anap.), Pl. 563 (anap.), And. 1.131, Pl. Phdr. 237e, etc.; ς. τὸ κρατεῖν ἡδονῶν καὶ ἐπιθυμιῶν Id. Smp. 196c; ς. τὸ περὶ τὰς γυναῖκας (sc. ἔργον) Arist. Pol. 1263b9, cf. EN 1117b23, Pl. Phd. 68c, R. 430e sq., 1 Timothy 2:9.

3. in a political sense, a moderate form of government, Th. 8.64.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σωφροσύνη, σωφροσύνης, (σώφρων), fr; Homer (where σαοφροσυνη) down;

a. soundness of mind (opposed to μανία, Xenophon, mem. 1, 1, 16; Plato, Prot., p. 323 b.): ῤήματα σωφροσύνης, words of sanity (A. V. soberness), Acts 26:25.

b. self-control, sobriety (ea virtus, cujus propriam est, motus animi appetentes regere et sedare semperque adversantem libidini moderntam in omni re servare constantiam, Cicero, Tusc. 3, 8, 17; σωφροσύνη ἐστι καί ἡδονῶν τινων καί ἐπιθυμιῶν ἐγκράτεια, Plato, rep. 4, 430 e.; cf. Phaedo, p. 68 c.; sympos., p. 196c.; (Diogenes Laërtius 3, 91; 4 Macc. 1:31; σωφροσύνη δέ ἀρετή δἰ ἥν πρός τάς ἡδονάς τοῦ σώματος οὕτως ἔχουσιν ὡς νόμος κελευει, ἀκολασία δέ τοὐναντίον, Aristotle, rhet. 1, 9, 9): 1 Timothy 2:15; joined with αἰδώς (as in Xenophon, Cyril 8, 1, 30f) ibid. 9; (cf. Trench, N. T. Synonyms, § xx., and see αἰδώς).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** σωφροσύνη , -ης , ,

[in LXX: Ezra 3:13, Wisdom of Solomon 8:7, 2 Maccabees 4:37, 4 Maccabees 6:1-35*;]

(a) soundness of mind, good sense, sanity (opp. to μανία , Xen.): Acts 26:25;

(b) self-control, sobriety: 1 Timothy 2:9 (v. Tr., Syn., § xx), 1 Timothy 2:15.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the usage of this verb ";avenge oneself on,"; ";punish,"; as in Acts 22:5; Acts 26:11, cf. P Oxy I. 34iii. 14 (A.D. 127) τοὺς παραβάντας καὶ τοὺ [ς ] διὰ ἀπειθίαν κ [αὶ ] ὡς ἀφορμὴν ζητοῦντας ἁμαρτημάτω [ν ] τειμωρήσομαι, ";any persons who violate it, whether from mere disobedience or to serve their own nefarious purposes, will receive condign punishment"; (Edd.), and Syll 326 (= .3 709).42 (c. B.C. 107) τοὺς δὲ αἰτίους τῆς ἐπαναστάσεο [ς ] τιμωρησάμενος.

In P Ryl II. 62.10 (iii/A.D.), a translation from an unknown Latin author, we have—ἀγρυπνεῖται καὶ κολάζεται [καὶ τι ]μωρεῖται καὶ παρηγορεῖται.

The adj. from which the verb is derived may be quoted from Syll 810 (= .3 1176).7 εἰ δέ τι ἑκὼν ἐξαμ [αρτήσει ], οὐκ ἐμὸν ἐπαρά [σασθαι ], δίκη δὲ ἐπικρέματα [ί σοι ] τιμωρὸς ἀπελθόν [τι ] ἀπειθὴς Νεμέσε [ως ], ";the inexorable avenging justice of Nemesis.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σωφροσυνης σωφροσύνης sophrosunes sōphrosunēs sophrosynes sophrosýnes sōphrosynēs sōphrosýnēs
Lectionary Calendar
Friday, August 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20
ADVERTISEMENT
Search for…
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
σωφρόνως
Next Entry
σώφρων
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology