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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4997 - σωφροσύνη

Word Origin
from (4998)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. soundness of mind
  2. self-control, sobriety
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (3) NAS (3) HCS (3)
Acts 1
1 Timothy 2
Acts 1
1 Timothy 2
Acts 1
1 Timothy 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σωφροσύνη [],

Dor. σωφρον-ύνα, and poet. σᾰοφροσύνη (as in Hom. and in later poetry, IG 22.3632.11, 3753), ,

soundness of mind, prudence, discretion, Od. 23.13; in pl., ib. 30; the common form first in Thgn. 379, 701, 1138, Epich. 101; αἰδὼς σωφροσύνης πλεῖστον μετέχει Th. 1.84; ς. λαβεῖν Id. 8.64; sanity, opp. μανία, X. Mem. 1.1.16, cf. Acts 26:25.

2. moderation in sensual desires, selfcontrol, temperance, Democr. 210, Ar. Nu. 962 (anap.), Pl. 563 (anap.), And. 1.131, Pl. Phdr. 237e, etc.; ς. τὸ κρατεῖν ἡδονῶν καὶ ἐπιθυμιῶν Id. Smp. 196c; ς. τὸ περὶ τὰς γυναῖκας (sc. ἔργον) Arist. Pol. 1263b9, cf. EN 1117b23, Pl. Phd. 68c, R. 430e sq., 1 Timothy 2:9.

3. in a political sense, a moderate form of government, Th. 8.64.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σωφροσύνη, σωφροσύνης, (σώφρων), fr; Homer (where σαοφροσυνη) down;

a. soundness of mind (opposed to μανία, Xenophon, mem. 1, 1, 16; Plato, Prot., p. 323 b.): ῤήματα σωφροσύνης, words of sanity (A. V. soberness), Acts 26:25.

b. self-control, sobriety (ea virtus, cujus propriam est, motus animi appetentes regere et sedare semperque adversantem libidini moderntam in omni re servare constantiam, Cicero, Tusc. 3, 8, 17; σωφροσύνη ἐστι καί ἡδονῶν τινων καί ἐπιθυμιῶν ἐγκράτεια, Plato, rep. 4, 430 e.; cf. Phaedo, p. 68 c.; sympos., p. 196c.; (Diogenes Laërtius 3, 91; 4 Macc. 1:31; σωφροσύνη δέ ἀρετή δἰ ἥν πρός τάς ἡδονάς τοῦ σώματος οὕτως ἔχουσιν ὡς νόμος κελευει, ἀκολασία δέ τοὐναντίον, Aristotle, rhet. 1, 9, 9): 1 Timothy 2:15; joined with αἰδώς (as in Xenophon, Cyril 8, 1, 30f) ibid. 9; (cf. Trench, N. T. Synonyms, § xx., and see αἰδώς).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** σωφροσύνη , -ης , ,

[in LXX: Ezra 3:13, Wisdom of Solomon 8:7, 2 Maccabees 4:37, 4 Maccabees 6:1-35*;]

(a) soundness of mind, good sense, sanity (opp. to μανία , Xen.): Acts 26:25;

(b) self-control, sobriety: 1 Timothy 2:9 (v. Tr., Syn., § xx), 1 Timothy 2:15.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the usage of this verb ";avenge oneself on,"; ";punish,"; as in Acts 22:5; Acts 26:11, cf. P Oxy I. 34iii. 14 (A.D. 127) τοὺς παραβάντας καὶ τοὺ [ς ] διὰ ἀπειθίαν κ [αὶ ] ὡς ἀφορμὴν ζητοῦντας ἁμαρτημάτω [ν ] τειμωρήσομαι, ";any persons who violate it, whether from mere disobedience or to serve their own nefarious purposes, will receive condign punishment"; (Edd.), and Syll 326 (= .3 709).42 (c. B.C. 107) τοὺς δὲ αἰτίους τῆς ἐπαναστάσεο [ς ] τιμωρησάμενος.

In P Ryl II. 62.10 (iii/A.D.), a translation from an unknown Latin author, we have—ἀγρυπνεῖται καὶ κολάζεται [καὶ τι ]μωρεῖται καὶ παρηγορεῖται.

The adj. from which the verb is derived may be quoted from Syll 810 (= .3 1176).7 εἰ δέ τι ἑκὼν ἐξαμ [αρτήσει ], οὐκ ἐμὸν ἐπαρά [σασθαι ], δίκη δὲ ἐπικρέματα [ί σοι ] τιμωρὸς ἀπελθόν [τι ] ἀπειθὴς Νεμέσε [ως ], ";the inexorable avenging justice of Nemesis.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σωφροσυνης σωφροσύνης sophrosunes sōphrosunēs sophrosynes sophrosýnes sōphrosynēs sōphrosýnēs
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