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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4998 - σώφρων

Transliteration
sṓphrōn
Phonetics
so'-frone  
Word Origin
from the base of (4982) and that of (5424)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
7:1097,1150
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. of a sound mind, sane, in one's senses
  2. curbing one's desires and impulses, self-controlled, temperate
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (4) NAS (4) HCS (4)
1 Timothy 1
Titus 3
1 Timothy 1
Titus 3
1 Timothy 1
Titus 3
BYZ TIS TR
A-APF 1
A-APM 1
A-ASM 2
A-APM 1
A-ASM 2
A-APF 1
A-APM 1
A-ASM 2
NA WH
A-APM 1
A-ASM 2
A-APF 1
A-APM 1
A-ASM 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σώφρων,

and poet. σᾰόφρων (as in Hom., v. infr., Pi. Pae. 9.46), ονος, ὁ, ἡ: neut. σῶφρον: — prop. of sound mind (from σῶς, φρήν, cf. Pl. Cra. 411e, Arist. EN 1140b11):

hence, discreet, prudent, οὐκ ἄν με σαόφρονα μυθήσαιο ἔμμεναι Il. 21.462, cf. Od. 4.158; opp. ἄφρων, Thgn. 431, 454, 497; opp. νήπιος, Id. 483; opp. ἀνόητος, Hdt. 1.4; σώφρονες περὶ θεούς X. Mem. 4.3.2; σωφρονέστατος ἐν τῇ τέχνῃ Hp. Prorrh. 2.2.

2. of things, τοῖσι λόγοις σῶφρον ἔπεστιν ἄνθος Ar. Nu. 1025 (lyr.); ς. οἶκτος reasonable compassion, Th. 3.59; -έστατον κήρυγμα Aeschin. 3.4; σώφρον' εἶπας E. IA 1024; ἄλλο τι -έστερον γνώσεσθε Th. 5.111; σῶφρόν ἐστι c. inf., Id. 1.42.

II in Att., esp. having control over the sensual desires, temperate, self-controlled, chaste (σώφρων ὁ μετρίας ἐπιθυμίας ἔχων Pl. Def. 415d, cf. σωφροσύνη 1), μοι δὸς -εστέραν πολὺ μητρὸς γενέσθαι A. Ch. 140, cf. S. Aj. 132; γυνὴ ς. And. 4.14, cf. S. Fr. 682; ς. καὶ ἐγκρατὴς ἑαυτοῦ Pl. Grg. 491d, cf. 1 Timothy 3:2, etc.

2. of things, ς. γνώμη A. Ag. 1664 (troch.); εὐχαί Id. Supp. 710; ς. ὑμέναιοι, λέχη, E. Or. 558, El. 1099; τράπεζα, δίαιτα, Id. Fr. 893 (lyr.), Pl. 336c; ἀριστοκρατία moderate, Th. 3.82; χάρις ib. 58; βίος Pl. Lg. 733e; φρονεῖν σώφρονα S. Fr. 64.

3. τὸ σῶφρον, = cross σωφροσύνη, Id. Fr. 786, E. Hipp. 431, Th. 1.37, 3.82; σοῦ τὸ ς. E. Andr. 365, cf. 346, etc.; ἐπὶ τὸ -έστερον λαμβάνειν τι Hdt. 3.71; τὸ -έστατον Th. 3.62; τὰ σώφρονα λάγδην πατεῖται S. Fr. 683.

III Adv. -όνως A. Th. 645, Eu. 44, Hdt. 4.77; ς. τραφῆναι Ar. Eq. 334 (lyr.); ς. τε καὶ μετρίως Pl. R. 399b; δικαίως πράττοντες καὶ ς. Id. Alc. 1.134d; ς. ἐφέπεσθαι cautiously, X. Ages. 2.3: Comp., -έστερον πολιτεύειν adopt a more moderate constitution, Th. 8.53, cf. 1.84, X. Eq.Mag. 1.14, etc.; but -εστέρως E. IA 379 (troch.): Sup. -έστατα Isoc. 7.13, Pl. Lg. 728e.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σώφρων, σωφρον (from σάος, contracted σῶς (cf. σῴζω, at the beginning), and φρήν, hence, the poetic σαοφρων; cf. ἄφρων, ταπεινόφρων, μεγαλόφρων) (from Homer down);

a. of sound mind, sane, in one's senses (see σωφρονέω, a. and σωφροσύνη, a.).

b. curbing one's desires and impulses, self-controlled, temperate (R. V. soberminded) ((ἐπιθυμεῖ σώφρων ὧν δεῖ καί ὡς δεῖ καί ὅτε, Aristot eth. Nic. 3, 15 at the end), see (σωφροσύνη, b.): 1 Timothy 3:2; Titus 1:8; Titus 2:2, 5.

STRONGS NT 4998a: τ [τ ,Tau: on the receding (ττ( in the vocabulary of the N. T. before (σς(, see under Sigma.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** σώφρων , -ον ,

[in LXX: 4 Maccabees 9:1-32*;]

(a) of sound mind, sane, sensible;

(b) self-controlled, sober-minded: 1 Timothy 3:2, Titus 1:8; Titus 2:2; Titus 2:5 (Arist.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

found in the NT only in Hebrews 10:29, conveys like the verb the idea of giving an offender his deserts, without the thought of discipline which normally attaches to κόλασις. So in P Lond 1171 verso (c).12 (A.D. 42) (= III. p. 107) κα ̣τὰ τούτου τῇ ἀνωτάτω χρήσομαι τειμωρίᾳ, a prefect threatens those who employ unauthorized violence and forced labour or extortion towards the natives, P Leid Wvii. 28 (ii/iii A.D.) (= II. p. 105) ὁ κτίσας τὴν ἀναγκή (ν), καὶ τιμωρίαν, καὶ τὴν βάσανον, and BGU IV. 1024iv. 17 (iv/v A.D.) ἐκδέξι το [ίνυν ] τὴ [[η ]]ν ἕως κεφ [αλῆ ]ς τ [ι ]μωρίαν — a sentence of ";capital punishment.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σωφρονα σώφρονα σωφρονας σώφρονας sophrona sōphrona sṓphrona sophronas sōphronas sṓphronas
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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