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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5137 - τράχηλος

Word Origin
probably from (5143) (through the idea of mobility)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to be ready to incur the most imminent peril to life
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1621 ‑ גַּרְגְּרוֹת (gar‑gher‑owth');  1627 ‑ גּרָֹן (gaw‑rone', gaw‑rone');  6203 ‑ עֹרֶף (o‑ref');  6676 ‑ צַוַּאר (tsav‑var');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (7) NAS (7) HCS (7)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 2
Romans 1
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 2
Romans 1
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 2
Romans 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

τράχηλος [], ,

Dor. τράχᾱλος IG 42(1).122.3, al. (Epid., iv B. C.): heterocl. pl. τράχηλα Call. Fr. 98 (= Iamb. 1.147):

neck, throat, Hdt. 2.40, Hp. Aph. 4.35, E. Cyc. 608 (lyr.), Sor. 1.84, Gal. 6.151, etc.; distd. fr. αὐχήν by Pl. Phdr. 253e (τράχηλος being, acc. to Gp. 19.2.3, the whole neck and throat, αὐχήν the back part of the neck in human beings, the upper part in animals; this difference is observed in Sor. Fasc. 37 (cf. αὐχήν in 38, 39, 40, 41), Adam. 2.21; but αὐχήν in Hp. Prog. 23 is glossed τράχηλος by Gal. 18(2).264, cf. Ruf. Onom. 66, Poll. 2.130; in LXX, NT, and Pap. τ. is more freq. than αὐχήν) ; τ. σώματος χωρὶς τεμών E. Ba. 241, cf. Supp. 716; ἀποτεμεῖν, ἀποκόψαι, Plu. Art. 29, Flam. 18, etc.; βρόχον δ' ἐνίαλλε τραχήλῳ Theoc. 23.51; ἐς τ. πεσεῖν break one's neck, E. Tr. 755; ἐπὶ τ. ὠθεῖν τινα thrust head-foremost, Luc. DMort. 27.1, Merc.Cond. 39; εἰς τ. Poll. 2.135; ἐπιπεσεῖν ἐπὶ τὸν τ. τινός LXX Genesis 46:29, Luke 15:20; ἐν βρόχῳ τὸν τ. ἔχων νομοθετεῖ with a halter round his neck, D. 24.139; ἔδει σε ἐν τῷ σῷ τ. ἐμπαίζειν at the risk of your own neck, PTeb. 758.2 (ii B. C.).

2. neck of animals, of the horse, X. Eq. 1.8; the hare, Id. Cyn. 5.30; the camel, Plu. 2.1125b, BGU 469.6 (ii A. D.); the neck as a joint of meat, Plu. Demetr. 11; of a fowl, Gal. 6.788.

II of parts resembling the neck, e. g. upper part of the murex, Eub. 66, Posidipp. 14, cf. Arist. HA 547a16, Ath. 3.87f; in the κάραβος the narrow part of the abdomen, Arist. HA 526a3; the neck of the grasshopper, ib. 556a2.

2. neck of a vessel, BCH 35.286 (Delos), Hero Spir. 1.19, al.; of a gourd, Arist. HA 616a23; of parts of the body, τ. μήτρας Hp. Mul. 2.169, Poll. 2.222; ὑστέρας Sor. 1.7; κύστεως ibid., Gal. UP 14.9, Poll. 2.171; καρδίας Placit. 4.5.8.

3. middle part of a mast, AsclMyrl. ap. Ath. 11.475a.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

τράχηλος, τραχήλου, (allied with τρέχω; named from its movableness; cf. Vanicek, p. 304),fr. Euripides, and Aristophanes down, the Sept. chiefly for צַוָּאר, also for עֹרֶף, etc., the neck: Matthew 18:6; Mark 9:42; Luke 15:20; Luke 17:2; Acts 15:10; Acts 20:37; τόν ἑαυτοῦ τράχηλον ὑποτιθεναι (namely, ὑπό τόν σίδηρον) (A. V. to lay down one's own neck i. e.) to be ready to incur the most imminent peril to life, Romans 16:4.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τράχηλος , -ου , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H6676, also for H6203, etc.;]

the neck: Matthew 18:6, Mark 9:42, Luke 17:2; ἐπιπεσεῖν ἐπὶ τὸν τ ., to embrace (Genesis 46:29), Luke 15:20, Acts 20:37. Metaph., ὑποθεῖναι τὸν ἑαυτοῦ τ . (for similar phrase in Papyri, v. Zorell, s.v.), Romans 16:4; ἐπιθεῖναι ζυγὸν ἐπὶ τὸν τ ., Acts 15:10.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
τραχήλοις τραχηλον τραχηλόν τράχηλον τράχηλόν τράχηλός τραχήλου τραχήλους τραχήλω τραχήλων trachelon trachēlon tráchelon tráchēlon
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 26th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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