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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5176 - τρώγω

Word Origin
probably strengthened from a collateral form of the base of (5134) and (5147) through the idea of corrosion or wear, or perhaps rather of a base of (
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to gnaw, crunch, chew raw vegetables or fruits (as nuts, almonds)
    1. of animals feeding
    2. of men
  2. to eat
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (6) NAS (6) HCS (6)
Matthew 1
John 5
Matthew 1
John 5
Matthew 1
John 5

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

τρώγω, Od. 6.90, etc.: fut. τρώξομαι Ar. Ach. 806, X. Smp. 4.8: aor. 1 ἔτρωξα (κατ-) Batr. 182, Hp. Nat.Mul. 8, Timo 66.6: aor. 2 ἔτρᾰγον, 3 sg. subj. τράγῃ Pherecr. 67.5 (elsewh. only in compos. with ἐν- (q. v.), κατα-, παρα-): Pass., pf. τέτρωγμαι (δια-) Ar. V. 371, (παρεν-) Eub. 15.8:

gnaw, nibble, munch, esp. of herbivorous animals, as mules, τ. ἄγρωστιν Od. 6.90; of swine, ἐρεβίνθους τ. Ar. Ach. 801, cf. 806; of cattle, τὸν θαλλόν, κόμαρον τ., Theoc. 4.45, 9.11; rarely of dogs, Εὐριπίδην ἔτρωγον Sotad. 15.15; of human beings in disease, λίθους τε καὶ γῆν τρώγουσι Hp. Prorrh. 2.31.

II of men, eat vegetables or fruit, τοὺς γενομένους [κυάμους] οὔτε τρώγουσι οὔτε ἕψοντες πατέονται Hdt. 2.37; τὸ κάτω [τῆς βύβλου ] ib. 92; τὸν καρπὸν τοῦ λωτοῦ Id. 4.177; τ. βότρυς Ar. Eq. 1077; βολβοὺς τρώγων, τυροὺς κάπτων Anaxil. 18.3 (anap.); of dessert, eat fruits, as figs, almonds, etc., Hdt. 1.71, Ar. Pax 1324, Pherecr. 159 (v. τρωγάλια) ; ἴτρια, μελίπηκτα, Sol. 38.1, Antiph. 140.4; of small fish as hors-d'oeuvres, κἀν ποίᾳ πόλει τοσοῦτος [ ὢν ] τὸ μέγεθος ἰχθῦς τρώγεται; Eup. 23 D.: abs., πίνειν καὶ τ. drink and eat dessert, D. 19.197: Com. metaph., γνώμας τ. Πανδελετείους Ar. Nu. 924 (anap.): Pass., τρώγεται ἁπαλὰ ταῦτα καὶ αὖα Hdt. 2.92.

III later, simply eat, serving as pres. to ἔφαγον instead of ἐσθίω, ὁ τρώγων μου τὴν σάρκα καὶ πίνων μου τὸ αἷμα John 6:54 (cf. aor. φάγητε.. πίητε ib. 53); τρώγοντες καὶ πίνοντες Matthew 24:38; never in LXX (ὁ ἐσθίων ἄρτους μου LXX Psalms 41:10(40).10 becomes ὁ τρώγων μου τὸν ἄρτον when cited in John 13:18); δύο τρώγομεν ἀδελφοί is dub. l. in Plb. 31.23.9; ἔδωκεν εὔζωμον νήστῃ τρώγειν SIG 1171.9 (Crete, perh. i B. C.); ἡ νὺξ τὴν ἡμέραν τ. (of a black man eating white bread) Diog.Cyn. ap. Sammelb. 5730 (iv/v A. D.); ψυχρὰ τρώγοντα κατακαίεσθαι PMag.Lond. 121.177; ἔμοιγε, ὅσσα παρ' ἀνθρώποις, τρώγειν ἔθος Batr. 34; this usage is mentioned by AB 114, censured by Phot.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

τρώγω; to gnaw, crunch, chew raw vegetables or fruits (as nuts, almonds, etc.): ἄγρωστιν, of mules, Homer, Odyssey 6, 90, and often in other writers of animals feeding; also of men from Herodotus down (as σῦκα, Herodotus 1, 71; βότρυς, Aristophanes eqq. 1077; blackberries, the Epistle of Barnabas 7, 8 [ET] (where see Harnack, Cunningham, Müller); κρόμυον, μετά δεῖπνον, Xenophon, conv. 4, 8); universally, to eat: absolutely, (δύο τρώγομεν ἀδελφοί, we mess together, Polybius 32, 9, 9) joined with πίνειν, Matthew 24:38 (so also Demosthenes, p. 402, 21; Plutarch, symp. 1, 1, 2; Ev. Nicod. c. 15, p. 640, Thilo edition (p. 251 Tdf. edition)); τόν ἄρτον, John 13:18 (see ἄρτος 2 and ἐσθίω b.); figuratively, John 6:58; τήν σάρκα, the 'flesh' of Christ (see σάρξ, 1), John 6:54, 56f.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* τρώγω ,

1. prop., of animals, to gnaw, munch, crunch (Hom., al.).

2. Of men, to eat raw food, as vegetables, nuts, etc. (Hdt., al.).

3. In late vernacular, simply to eat (= ἐσθίω ): Matthew 24:38, John 6:54; John 6:56-58; John 13:18 (LXX ἐσθίων ) (v. Kennedy, Sources, 82, 155; MM, xxv).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

denoting the ";lower trough"; or ";pit"; into which the juice ran from the ληνός (cf. Mark 12:1) occurs in a iv/A.D. account, P Oxy XIV. 1735.5 ̣̣π ̣ολήνια δι (πλο)κ (έραμον) α ̄


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
τρώγετε τρώγλων τρωγοντες τρώγοντες τρωγων τρώγων trogon trōgōn trṓgon trṓgōn trogontes trōgontes trṓgontes
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