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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #530 - ἅπαξ

Word Origin
probably from (537)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. once, one time
  2. once for all
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 259 ‑ אֶחָד (ekh‑awd');  6471 ‑ פַּעֲמָה (pah'‑am, pah‑am‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (15) NAS (14) HCS (13)
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 8
1 Peter 2
Jude 2
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 8
1 Peter 1
Jude 2
2 Corinthians 1
Philippians 1
Hebrews 8
1 Peter 1
Jude 2
ADV 14
ADV 14
ADV 15
ADV 19

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἅπαξ [ᾰπ ],


1. Adv. once, once only, once for all, first in Od., ὅτε τ' ἄλλοι ἅ. θνῄσκουσ' ἄνθρωποι 12.22; ... ἀπὸ θυμὸν ὀλέσσαι ib. 350; ἀπαλλάχθηθ' ἅ. E. Cyc. 600; οὐχ ἅ. μόνον more than once, A. Pr. 211; ... κοὐχὶ δίς S. OC 1208; πολλάκις καὶ οὐχὶ ἅ. Hdt. 7.46; πολλάκις τε κοὐχ ἅ. S. OT 1275; μὴ ἅ. ἀλλὰ πολλάκις Antipho 1.3, cf. Pl. Lg. 711a; μὴ δίς, ἀλλ' ἅ. μόνον Arist. Pol. 1299a10; of the self-creation of Νοῦς, τὴν ποίησιν αὑτοῦ.. ἅ. εἶναι Plot. 6.8.21; ἅ. ἔτι yet this once, A. Ag. 1322; τὸ ἅ. τοῦτο at this moment, LXX 2 Kings 17:7; ἅ. δυοῖν ποδοῖν, i.e. two square feet (1 x 2), opp. δυοῖν δίς (2 x 2), four, Pl. Men. 82c.

2. c. gen., ἅ. τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ, ἔτεος ἑκάστου ἅ., Hdt. 2.59, 4.105; also ἐν τῷ ἐνιαυτῷ ἅ. Id. 2.132.

3. once on a time, formerly, ἅ. καὶ ἅ. LXX Jd. 20.30.

II without any notion of number, after conditional and temporal Particles, if once, when once, εἴπερ ἐσπείσω γ' ἅ. if once you have made a treaty, Ar. Ach. 307. cf. 923; ἢν ἅ. ἁλῷ Id. V. 898, cf. Av. 342; ἂν ἅ. τις ἀποθάνῃ Amphis 8; ἐπειδήπερ γ' ἅ. ἐμοὶ σεαυτὸν παραδέδωκας Ar. V. 1129; ἐπεὶ ἅ. ἐταράχθησαν Th. 7.44; ὡς ἅ. ἤρξατο X. HG 5.4.58; ἐπεὶ ἅ. αὐτοῖς φίλος ἐγένετο Id. An. 1.9.10, cf. 3.2.25, Isoc. 12.242; ὡς ἅ. ἐγκλήματα ἐταράχθη D. 18.151: so with part., ἐπὶ γᾶν ἅ. πεσὸν... αἷμα A. Ag. 1019 (lyr.); ἅ. θανόντος οὔτις ἔστ' ἀνάστασις Id. Eu. 648; ἅ. ἐλθόντες Pl. Prm. 165e, cf. Hebrews 6:4, etc. (- = s (cf. εἷς) ; -παξ akin to πήγνυμι.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἅπαξ, adverb, once, one time (from Homer down);

a. universally: 2 Corinthians 11:25; Hebrews 9:26; 1 Peter 3:20 Rec.; ἔτι ἅπαξ, Hebrews 12:28f; ἅπαξ τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ, Hebrews 9:7 (Herodotus 2, 59, etc.).

b. like Latinsemel, used of what is so done as to be of perpetual validity and never need repetition, once for all: Hebrews 6:4; Hebrews 10:2; 1 Peter 3:18; Jude 1:3, 5.

c. καί ἅπαξ καί δίς indicates a definite number (the double καί emphasizing the repetition, both once and again i. e.) twice: 1 Thessalonians 2:18; Philippians 4:16; on the other hand, ἅπαξ καί δίς means (once and again i. e.) several times, repeatedly: Nehemiah 13:20; 1 Macc. 3:30. Cf. Schott on 1 Thessalonians 2:18, p. 86; (Meyer on Philippians, the passage cited).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἅπαξ ,


[in LXX for H259, H6471;]

(a) once: 2 Corinthians 11:25, Hebrews 9:26-27; ἔτι ἅ ., Hebrews 12:26-27; . τ . ἐνιαυτοῦ , Hebrews 9:7; καί ἅ . κ . δίς , twice: Philippians 4:16, 1 Thessalonians 2:18;

(b) once for all: Hebrews 6:4; Hebrews 9:28; Hebrews 10:2, 1 Peter 3:18, Judges 1:3; Judges 1:5 (MM, VGT, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Oxy III. 471.77 (ii/A.D.) ἅπαξ γὰρ ἐν ἔθει τῆς α [ἰσ ]χύνης γενόμενον, ";for when once accustomed to his shame"; (Edd.). In P Lond 417.8 (c. A.D. 346) (= II. p. 299, Selections, p. 124), we find συνχωρῆσε αὐτοῦ τοῦτω τὸ ἅβαξ (= συνχωρῆσαι αὐτῷ τοῦτο τὸ ἅπαξ), ";pardon him this once";—a substantival use of ἅπαξ, which has been traced perhaps to Coptic influence (Deissmann LAE, pp. 206, 209) : cf. below. Note also P Giss I. 48.10 (A.D. 202–3) οὐχ ἅπαξ παρεγράφη, ";not once alone,"; ἀλ᾽ ὁποσάκις ἕκαστα προσηνέχθη, and P Oxy VIII. 1102.8 (c. A.D. 146) ἐπεὶ ἅπα ̣ξ π ̣ροση ̣̑[λθε ] τῇ κληρονομίᾳ, ";having once entered on the inheritance"; (Ed.). Vettius Valens, p. 285.30 has ἅπαξ τε καὶ ἀπαραιτήτως δαμάζουσιν ";in perpetuum"; (Ed.). OGIS 201 (vi/A.D.), an inscr. of King Silco of Nubia, which is very instructive for the study of foreigners’ Greek, has ἅπαξ in a curious idiom : thus ἓν ἅπαξ is semel, τὸ πρῶτον ἅπαξ = primum, ἅπαξ δύο = bis. Dittenberger quotes Lepsius to show that it is an effort to render a Coptic word answering to Ger. Mal, Fr. fois. In P Oxy VIII. 1138.13 (v/vi A.D.) the words πρὸς ἅπαξ occurring at the end of a receipt are translated ";once for all"; by the editor, who compares BGU IV. 1020.15 (vi/A.D.) : so εἰς ἅπαξ P Oxy X. 1294.14 (ii/iii A.D.).

[Supplemental from 1930 edition]

For ἄλλα ἅπαξ = ";other times,"; see Archiv vi. p. 379.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απαξ άπαξ ἅπαξ ὑμᾶς apax hapax hápax hymas hymâs umas
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