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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5400 - φόβητρον

Word Origin
from a derivative of (5399)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. that which strikes terror, a terror, (cause of) fright
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2283 ‑ חָגָּא (khaw‑gaw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Luke 1
Luke 1
Luke 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φόβ-ητρον, τό,

scarecrow, bugbear, terror, LXX Isaiah 19:17 : elsewh. always in pl. terrors, Hp. Morb.Sacr. 1 (s.v.l.), Pl. Ax. 367a, Luke 21:11; Τισιφόνης τὰ φ., prob. tragic masks of the Furies, AP 11.189 (Lucill.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

φόβητρον (or φοβηθρον (so L Tr WH; see WH's Appendix, p. 149)), φοβητρου, τό (φοβέω), that which strikes terror, a terror (cause of) fright: Luke 21:11. (Plato, Ax., p. 367 a.; Hippocrates, Lucian, others (but always in plural (Liddell and Scott)); for חָגָא, Isaiah 19:17.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(LTr., WH, -θρον ), -ου , τό

(<φοβέω ),

[in LXX: Isaiah 19:17 (H2283) *;]

that which causes fright, a terror: pl. (as always, exc.Isa, l.c.), Luke 21:11 (Hipp., Plat.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

lit. ";stretch out the hand,"; then ";elect by show of hands,"; and then ";elect,"; ";appoint"; generally (cf. Act. 14:23, 2Co. 8:19) : see P Fay 26.11 (A.D. 150) ὑπό [τ ]ε ἐμοῦ. . . . καὶ τοῦ κεχειροτονη [μέν ]ο ̣[υ π ]ρ ̣ο ̣, ς ̣ τοῦτο, P Ryl II. 77.37 (A.D. 192) <οὐχ > ἧττον ἑαυτὸν ἐχειροτόνησεν εἰς τὴν κατεπείγουσαν ἀρχὴν κοσμητείαν, ";he none the less nominated himself for the office immediately required, that of cosmetes"; (Edd.), Chrest. II. 88iii. 10 (ii/A.D.) χειροτονηθήσονται δὲ ἐντὸς κ ̄ ἡμερῶν ὑπὸ τοῦ στρατηγοῦ <τοῦ > νομοῦ, and P Flor I. 6.14 (A.D. 210) ἐπισκέπτης γ [ ]ρ ἐχειροτονήθην and P Oxy X. 1252 verso.18 (A.D. 288–95) [πογύω ]ς ̣ χειροτονη [θεὶς ] . . . εἰς τὴν παρὰ Ὀξυρυγχ [είταις ] πρυτανείαν, ";having been recently appointed to the prytany at Oxyrhynchus.";

For χειροτονέω in its later ecclesiastical sense of ";ordain,"; cf. the vi/A.D. P Giss I. 55.5 where a bishop writes to a brother-bishop ἠξιώθην. . . γράψαι πρ [ ]ς τὴν σὴν ἁγιότητ ̣[α π ]ερὶ Σανσνεῦτ [ ]ς τινος πρὸ πολλοῦ χειροτο ̣νηθέν ̣[τος π ]αρὰ του ̣ͅ τῆς μ ̣[α ]καρίας μνη ̣μη ̣ς Φοιβαδίου ̣ τοῦ ἐπισκ [όπου, and see the Coptic ostracon regarding the ordination of deacons in Crum Coptic Ostraca, No. 29 (reproduced by Deissmann LAE2, p. 221 ft.).

The corr. subst. appears in such passages as P Oxy IX. 1191.5 (A.D. 280) περὶ τῆς τῶν ἐπιμελητῶν χειροτονίας, ";concerning the election of administrators,"; ib. 1204.24 (A.D. 299) τὸ βιβλίον τῆς χειροτονείας παρασχεθήτω, ";let the document containing the appointment be produced"; (Ed.), and Syll 192 (=.3485).17 (B.C. 236–5) ἄξιον ἑαυτὸν παρέξειν τῆς τε το [ῦ δή ]μου χειροτονίας.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φοβηθρα φόβηθρά φόβητρά φόβητρον phobetra phobētra phóbetrá phóbētrá
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 14th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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