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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5440 - φυλακτήριον

Transliteration
phylaktḗrion
Phonetics
foo-lak-tay'-ree-on  
Word Origin
neuter of a derivative of (5442)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a fortified place provided with a garrison, a station for a guard or garrison
  2. a preservative or safeguard , an amulet. The Jews used this word to describe small strips of parchment on which were written the following passages of the law of Moses, Ex. 13:1-10, 11-16; Dt. 6:4-9, 11:13-21, and which, enclosed in small cases, they were accustomed when engaged in prayer to wear fastened by a leather strap to the forehead and to the left arm over against the heart, in order that they might thus be solemnly reminded of the duty of keeping the commands of God in the head and in the heart, according to the directions given in Ex. 13:16, Dt. 6:8, 11:18; These scrolls were thought to have the power, like amulets, to avert various evils and to drive away demons. The Pharisees were accustomed to widen, make broad, their phylacteries, that they might render them more conspicuous and show themselves to be more eager than the majority to be reminded of the law of God.
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Matthew 1
Matthew 1
Matthew 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-APN 1
N-APN 1
N-APN 1
NA WH
N-APN 1
N-APN 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φῠλᾰκ-τήριον, τό,

guarded post, fort, castle, Hdt. 5.52: esp. an outpost communicating with fortifications, Th. 4.31, 33, 110, X. Cyr. 7.5.12: pl., guardrooms, Arist. Pol. 1331a20.

2. safeguard, security, Pl. Lg. 917b: preservative, D. 6.24; amulet, Dsc. 5.154, Plu. 2.378b, etc.; among the Jews φυλακτήρια were small rolls of parchment with texts from the Law written on them, bound to the forehead by persons praying, Matthew 23:5; φ. χρυσᾶ, symbols denoting the kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt, OGI 90.45 (Rosetta, ii B. C.); amulet, PMag.Lond. 121.298 (pl.); metaph., τὸ ὄνομά σου ἔχω ἓν φ. ἐν καρδίᾳ PMag.Leid.W. 18.2.

3. perh. guard or chain, PLond.ined. 2199.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

φυλακτήριον, φυλακτηριου, τό (neuter of the adjective φυλακτηριος, φυλακτήρια, φυλακτήριον, from φυλακτήρ (`poetic for φύλαξ'));

1. a fortified place provided with a garrison, a station for a guard or garrison.

2. a preservative or safeguard, an amulet: Demosthenes, p. 71, 24; Dioscorides (?) 5, 158f (159f), often in Plutarch. The Jews gave the name of φυλακτήρια (in the Talm. תְּפִלִּין, prayer-fillets, German Gebetsriemen; (cf. O. T. 'frontlets')) to small strips of parchment on which were written the following passages from the law of Moses, Exodus 13:1-10, 11-16; Deuteronomy 6:4-9; Deuteronomy 11:13-21, and which, enclosed in little cases, they were accustomed when engaged in prayer to wear fastened by a leather strap to the forehead and to the left arm over against the heart, in order that they might thus be solemnly reminded of the duty of keeping the commands of God in the head and in the heart, according to the directions given in Exodus 13:16; Deuteronomy 6:8; Deuteronomy 11:18; (cf. Josephus, Antiquities 4, 8, 13). These scrolls were thought to have power, like amulets, to avert various evils and to drive away demons (Targ. on Song of Solomon 8:3); hence, their Greek name. (But see Ginsburg in Alex.'s Kitto, see under the words, Phylacteries (under the end) and Mezuza.) The Pharisees were accustomed τά φυλακτήρια αὐτῶν πλατύνειν, to widen, make broad, their phylacteries, that they might render them more conspicuous and show themselves to be more eager than the majority to be reminded of God's law: Matthew 23:5. Cf. Winers RWB, under the word Phylakterien; Leyrer in Herzog xi., 639ff; Kneucker in Schenkel 1:601f; Delitzsch in Riehm 270f; (Edersheim, Jewish Social Life etc., p. 220ff; B. D. under the word Frontlets; especially Hamburger, Real-Encycl., under the word Tephillin, vol. ii, p. 1203f; Ginsburg in Alex.'s Kitto as above).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* φυλακτήριον , -ου , τό ,

1. an outpost, fortification (Thuc., al.).

2. a safeguard (Plat.).

3. an amulet (Plut., al.); in NT for the Talmudic תְּפִלִּין , a prayer fillet, a phylactery, a small strip of parchment on which portions of the law were written and worn on the forehead and next the heart (cf. Exodus 13:16): Matthew 23:5.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";use,"; is found in the NT only in a sexual sense, Rom. 1:26 f. For a more general meaning, cf. P Cairo Zen III. 59349.4 (B.C. 244) wine εἰς χρῆσιν, ";for use,"; i.e. for present consumption, P Oxy I. 105.5 (a Will—A.D. 117–137) ἐπὶ τῷ αὐτὴν ἔχειν ἐπὶ τὸν τῆς ζωῆς αὐτῆς χρόνον τὴν χρῆσιν. . . τῆς αὐτῆς οἰκίας, ";with the condition that she shall have for her lifetime the right of using the said house"; (Edd.). This prepares us for the meaning ";loan,"; as in BGU IV. 1065.11 (A.D. 97) τῆς συμπεφωνημ (ένης) χρήσεως ἀργυρίου, P Tebt II. 388.13 (A.D. 98) διὰ χειρὸς ἐξ οἴκου χρῆσιν πυροῦ νέου. . ., ";from hand to hand out of the house a loan of new wheat,"; P Flor I. 44.14 (A.D. 158) χρῆσιν κεφαλ [α ]ι ̣[ου ἀργυρί ]ου δραχμὰς ἑκατὸν εἴκο [σι. . ., and P Oxy VIII. 1130.8 (A.D. 484) ἐν χρήσει, ";as a loan,"; See also PSI VIII. 929.11, .29 (A.D. 111).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φυλακτηρια φυλακτήρια phulakteria phulaktēria phylakteria phylaktēria phylaktḗria
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 14th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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