corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5493 - χείμαῤῥος

Word Origin
from the base of (5494) and (4482)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. flowing in winter, a torrent
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 663 ‑ אֲפִיק (af‑ake', af‑eek');  1341 ‑ גֵּא (gay');  5158 ‑ נַחְלָה (nakh'‑al, nakh'‑law, nakh‑al‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
John 1
John 1
John 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


From the base of G5494 and G4482


χειμών, ῶνος, ὁ,


winter, χειμῶνος δυσθαλπέος ὅς ῥά τε ἔργων ἀνθρώπους ἀνέπαυσεν Il. 17.549; χειμῶνι in winter, 21.283; ἐν χειμῶνι Pi. I. 2.42, A. Ag. 969, X. Mem. 4.3.8; ἐν τῷ χ. Id. Cyr. 8.8.17; χειμῶνος ὥρᾳ And. 1.137; also χειμῶνος in winter-time, X. Mem. 3.8.9, Pl. R. 415e; χ. μέσου in mid- winter, Ar. Fr. 569.1; τοῦ χ. in the course of the winter, Th. 7.31; τοῦ αὐτοῦ χ. Id. 8.30; διὰ χειμῶνος, διὰ τοῦ χ., Pl. Ti. 74c, X. HG 3.2.9; χειμῶνα during winter, S. OT 1138 (v.l. χειμῶνι) ; τὸν χ. during the winter, Hdt. 3.117, X. HG 1.4.1; τὸν δεινὸν χ. Id. An. 7.6.9; τὸν χ. ὅλον Ar. Fr. 345; ὁ ἀμφὶ τὸν χ. χρόνος X. Cyr. 8.6.22; ὄρος ἄβατον ὑπὸ χειμῶνος in consequence of the cold weather, Hdt. 8.138, cf. Th. 2.101: pl., νιφοστιβεῖς χειμῶνες S. Aj. 671; opp. καύματα, Pl. Lg. 829b; ἀμυντικὴ χειμώνων Id. Plt. 280e.

2. the wintry quarter of the heavens, the north, Βορέης καὶ χ. Hdt. 2.26.

II wintry, stormy weather: generally, storm, ἐπεὶ οὖν χειμῶνα φύγον καὶ ἀθέσφατον ὄμβρον Il. 3.4; οὐ νιφετὸς οὔτ' ἂρ χ. πολὺς οὔτε ποτ' ὄμβρος Od. 4.566; ὅτε τις χ. ἔκπαγλος ὄροιτο 14.522; ὀπωρινὸν ὄμβρον καὶ χειμῶν' ἐπιόντα Hes. Op. 675, cf. Alc. 18, Sapph. Supp. 11.6, etc.; Γαιάοχος εὐδίαν ὄπασσεν ἐκ χειμῶνος Pi. I. 7(6).39; θεὸς χειμῶν' ὦρσε A. Pers. 496, cf. Ag. 649, 656, S. Aj. 1145, etc.; χ. ὀρνιθίας Ar. Ach. 876; χ. κατερράγη Hdt. 1.87; ἐπέπεσέ σφι χ. τε μέγας καὶ πολλὸς ἄνεμος Id. 7.188, cf. Pl. Prt. 344d; ἐπιγενόμενος χ. Hdt. 7.34, Th. 4.6; χειμῶνι χρησάμενοι Antipho 5.21; χ. νοτερός a storm of rain, Th. 3.21; ἐν εὐδίᾳ χειμῶνα ποιεῖν X. HG 2.4.14: pl., ὑπὸ τῶν χ. because of the winter-storms, Hdt. 4.62; ἔν γε χειμῶσιν καὶ ἐν εὐδίαις Pl. Lg. 961e, cf. 919a.

2. metaph., θεόσσυτος χ. storm of calamity sent by the gods, A. Pr. 643; χ. καὶ κακῶν τρικυμία ib. 1015, cf. Ch. 202 (pl.), 1066 (anap.); δορὸς.. ἐν χειμῶνι in the storm of battle, S. Ant. 670; θολερῷ.. χ. νοσήσας, of the madness of Ajax, Id. Aj. 207 (anap.); χ. γήρως βαρύς, of life's winter, AP 10.100 (Antiphan.); of a person, χ. ὁ μειρακίσκος ἐστὶ τοῖς φίλοις Alex. 178.7, cf. 46.4; χ. κατ' οἴκους.. κακὴ γυνή Men. Mon. 540: rare in Prose, of battle, Onos. 32.10; of mental and moral trouble, Epicur. Ephesians 3 p.62U., Polystr. p.19W.; χ. τοῦ κλύδωνος χαλεπώτερος, of pirates, Them. Or. 23.286a: pl., χειμῶνας ἔχειν to have trouble (in cutting teeth), Hp. Dent. 12.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

χειμαρορος (for the more common χειμαρρως (namely, ποταμός), Attic contracted χειμάρρους (which see in Liddell and Scott, at the end), cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 234), χειμαρορου, (χεῖμα winter, and ῤέω, Ροως), from Homer down, the Sept. very often for נַחַל, literally, flowing in winter, a torrent: John 18:1 (where A. V. brook).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(shortened form of the more usual -οος , Attic contr., -ους ), -ον

(<χεῖμα , ῥέω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H5158;]

winter-flowing; as subst., ὁ χ . (sc. ποταμός ), a torrent: John 18:1.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";cold"; : neut. ";cold water"; (Mat. 10:42) : cf. the inscr. found in a burial chamber Preisigke 335 δίδοι σοι ] Ὄσιρις τὸ ψυχρὼν ὕδωρ, and so often. The adj. appears alone in the medical Syll 804 ( = .31170).30 ἀναγαργαρίζεσθαι ψυχρῷ πρὸς τὴν σταφυλήν, ";to be used as a gargle with cold water for the uvula,"; and for ψυχροφόρος cf. P Oxy VI. 896.11 (A.D. 316) τῶν δύο ψυχροφόρων, ";the two cold water conductors,"; in connexion with baths.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
χείμαρροι χειμάρροις χείμαρρον Χειμαρρου Χειμάρρου χειμάρρουν χείμαρρουν χειμάρρους χειμάρρω χειμερινή χειμερινόν χειμερινός χειμερινώ Cheimarrou Cheimárrou
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, June 4th, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Search for…
Choose a letter to browse:
Prev Entry
Next Entry
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology